HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > HE PastScape Result
View this record on HE PastScapePrintable version | About HE PastScape | Visit HE PastScape online...

Clevedon Pier
County: North SomersetMr Derek Evans LRPS
Copyright: Mr Derek Evans LRPS
District: NORTH SOMERSET
Parish: CLEVEDON
Monument Number: ( ST 47 SW 60 )
VICTORIAN   GATE   1867 - 1869
VICTORIAN   HOUSE   1867 - 1869
VICTORIAN   PLEASURE PIER   1867 - 1869
VICTORIAN   TOLL HOUSE   1867 - 1869
VICTORIAN   GATE   1892 - 1894
VICTORIAN   HOUSE   1892 - 1894
VICTORIAN   LANDING STAGE   1892 - 1894
VICTORIAN   PIER PAVILION   1892 - 1894
VICTORIAN   PLEASURE PIER   1892 - 1894
VICTORIAN   TOLL HOUSE   1892 - 1894
LATE 20TH CENTURY   GATE   1970 - 1970
LATE 20TH CENTURY   HOUSE   1970 - 1970
LATE 20TH CENTURY   LANDING STAGE   1970 - 1970
LATE 20TH CENTURY   PIER PAVILION   1970 - 1970
LATE 20TH CENTURY   PLEASURE PIER   1970 - 1970
LATE 20TH CENTURY   TOLL HOUSE   1970 - 1970
LATE 20TH CENTURY   GATE   1983 - 1989
LATE 20TH CENTURY   HOUSE   1983 - 1989
LATE 20TH CENTURY   LANDING STAGE   1983 - 1989
LATE 20TH CENTURY   PIER PAVILION   1983 - 1989
LATE 20TH CENTURY   PLEASURE PIER   1983 - 1989
LATE 20TH CENTURY   TOLL HOUSE   1983 - 1989
LATE 20TH CENTURY   GATE   1995 - 1998
LATE 20TH CENTURY   HOUSE   1995 - 1998
LATE 20TH CENTURY   LANDING STAGE   1995 - 1998
LATE 20TH CENTURY   PIER PAVILION   1995 - 1998
LATE 20TH CENTURY   PLEASURE PIER   1995 - 1998
LATE 20TH CENTURY   TOLL HOUSE   1995 - 1998
Clevedon Pier was built between 1867 and 1869 by Hamilton's Windsor Ironwork Co. and designed by J.W. Grover and R.J. Ward (though various sources attribute R. West of Westminster to the design instead of Ward). When first constructed it was 842 feet (256.6 metres) in length and consisted of a masonry approach 180 feet (54.9 metres) long and 20 feet wide with eight 100 feet spans. The metalwork was largely of iron 'Barlow' rails of a type introduced on the South Wales railway by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, carried on wrought iron screw piles. A stone tollhouse, gates and pier master's dwelling were designed by local architect Hans Price. A new pierhead and landing stage with a cast-iron pavilion were erected between 1892 and 1894 to plans by G N Abernethy. However in the twentieth century the pier suffered considerable deterioration and two outermost spans of the neck collapsed under test loading in 1970, leaving the landing-stage and pavilion isolated in the sea. In 1979, Woodspring District Council sought permission to demolish the Pier. However a Public Enquiry held in 1980, led to the removal of the demolition order and described the pier as 'an exceptionally important building warranting every effort to preserve it'. Between 1983 and 1989, restoration work was undertaken on the shoreward end of the Pier at a cost of about £500,000. Between 1995 and 1998, the pier-head and landing stage were restored. The full restoration had cost £3.2 million. The cast iron lamp standards along the pier have bases dated 1868. The T-shaped platform at seaward end has an octagonal glazed pavilion and roofed shelters and Gothic ironwork. The pavilion has an ironwork balcony and columns with Gothic detail to the brackets, and a tented roof with a weather-vane. Clevedon Pier is the only intact Grade I listed Pier in the United Kingdom and an elegant testament to the country's Victorian seaside heritage.

Sources
British Seaside Piers
Mawson, C. and Riding, R. 2008. Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing
England's Seaside Resorts
List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
DOE (HHR) Woodspring Dist (Clevedon Area) Jan 1976 29
List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
DOE(HHR) Woodspring Dist, Clevedon Area 22nd Jan 1976 29
Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
OS 6" 1961
Vertical aerial photograph reference number
RAF CPE/UK/1869 4086-4087 04-DEC-1946
Vertical aerial photograph reference number
RAF F14/58/496 5009-5010 09-JUN-1950
Vertical aerial photograph reference number
NMR OS/76040 091-092 26-APR-1976
Vertical aerial photograph reference number
NMR OS/85062 111-112 29-MAY-1985
General Reference
CBA Panel on Indust Mons Pleasure Piers 1975 8
General Reference
Bristol ARG Bull 5 No 6 1975 PH Checklist 162 (J Bagnall)
General Reference
Guide to Ind Heritage of Avon 1987 43 (J Day)
General Reference
RCHME Field Investigation 18-FEB-1987 NV Quinnell
World Wide Web page
The Clevedon Pier and Heritage Trust http://www.clevedonpier.com/history2.htm [Date accessed: 01-FEB-2008]
World Wide Web page
The Heritage Trail - Clevedon Pier http://www.theheritagetrail.co.uk/piers/clevedon%20pier.htm [Date accessed 01-FEB-2008]