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HER Number:22101
Name:MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval settlement

Summary

A small early medieval village with associated burial ground, consisting of a complex of three, or possibly four units.

Grid Reference:SW 8511 6726
Parish:Mawgan in Pydar, Restormel, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO530: Mawgan Porth Dark Age settlement

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 124/6/1-6
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW86NE 1
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 22101
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW86NE 14

Monument Types

Full description

A small early medieval village with associated burial ground was first discovered in 1934, when digging trial holes prior to building. Stone walls, which were not excavated at the time, and and a burial in a cist, which was, were encountered (h1, b1). Trial excavation was carried out in 1948, when building plans were revived (h2) and this led to larger scale investigation, between 1950 and 1954 (h3). The site was Scheduled in 1958 (h4) and in 1969, the OS surveyed the visible remains (h5, b11). The settlement was found to consist of a complex of three, or possibly four units (222110.1-22101.4). One unit (22101.1) was fully excavated, and was found to consist of a number of buildings, one a longhouse, arranged around a rectangular courtyard (22101.11-22101.17). All the other units appear to have been similar. To the NE of 22101.1 lay an extensive midden (22101.5), and to the NW slighty uphill, the presumably contemporary cemetery of cist graves (22101.7). One or two of the burials in the cemetery may have been of later date (22101.71). Bruce-Mitford's account of the settlement is not a full report (b2) and as the finds are not associated with individual structures in this, they are here recorded separately (22101.6). Pottery, stone and bone artefacts predominated, and a single coin was found. Together, they suggest a date range of AD 900 - 1050. Evidence for earlier structures was found (22101.01) but a single worn sherd of Mediterranean pottery of c500 is believed to have been a curiosity picked up on the beach (22101.02). Sand dune encroachment may have caused abandonment in the C11. Building work to the south of the site failed to reveal any further traces of the settlement (22101.8).

--------------------------------
Site history:
4: 1958. UNKNOWN / DOE
5: 1969. MJF / OS
--------------------------------


Hirst, FC, 1936, Supposed Iron Age Burial at Mawgan Porth (JRIC No 83, Vol XXIV, 1936) (Article in serial). SCO1134.


Bruce Mitford, RLS, 1956, Dark Age Settlement at Mawgan Porth; A Dark Age Settlement at Mawgan Porth (Information File SW86NE) (Bibliographic reference). SCO325.


Marsh, B, 2010, Mawgan Porth, Cornwall - Geophysical Survey Report (Cornwall Event Report). SCO25210.


Preston Jones, A, 2014, Odd Spot, Mawgan Porth, Cornwall: Archaeological Assessment (Cornwall Event Report). SCO26018.


<1> Hirst, FC, 1934, Supposed Iron Age Burial at Mawgan Porth, VOL 24, 319-326 (Article in serial). SCO5124.


<p1> NMR, 1977, SW8467/1/208&9 (Photographic Record). SCO16287.


<3> THOMAS, AC, 1958, UNTITLED, VOL 2, 2, 70 (Unedited Source). SCO7702.


<4> UNKNOWN, 1959, UNKNOWN TITLE, VOL III, 168 (Unedited Source). SCO7744.


<5> Chesher, VM & FJ, 1968, The Cornishman's House, 23-24 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3057.


<6> Thomas, AC, 1968, Grass Marked Pottery in Cornwall, 313, 325-327 (Bibliographic reference). SCO5160.


<7> Beresford, M & Hurst, JS, 1971, Deserted Medieval Villages, 152 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2828.


<8> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.


<9> Sheppard, PA, 1978, St Mawgan Checklist, VOL 17, 120 (Article in serial). SCO4416.


<10> Ashbee, P, 1984, The Mawgan Porth Slab Grave Excavations 1950-52 (Unpub MS) (Bibliographic reference). SCO2749.


<11> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.


<12> UNKNOWN, 1934, UNKNOWN TITLE, 28/8/1934, 10 (Unedited Source). SCO7242.


<13> Thomas, AC, 1981, A Provisional List of Imported Pottery from Post Roman Western Britain & Ireland (Bibliographic reference). SCO4597.

Sources / Further Reading

---SCO1134 - Article in serial: Hirst, FC. 1936. Supposed Iron Age Burial at Mawgan Porth (JRIC No 83, Vol XXIV, 1936).
---SCO25210 - Cornwall Event Report: Marsh, B. 2010. Mawgan Porth, Cornwall - Geophysical Survey Report.
---SCO26018 - Cornwall Event Report: Preston Jones, A. 2014. Odd Spot, Mawgan Porth, Cornwall: Archaeological Assessment.
---SCO325 - Bibliographic reference: Bruce Mitford, RLS. 1956. Dark Age Settlement at Mawgan Porth; A Dark Age Settlement at Mawgan Porth (Information File SW86NE).
[p1]SCO16287 - Photographic Record: NMR. 1977. SW8467/1/208&9.
[1]SCO5124 - Article in serial: Hirst, FC. 1934. Supposed Iron Age Burial at Mawgan Porth. JRIC Vol 24. VOL 24, 319-326.
[3]SCO7702 - Unedited Source: THOMAS, AC. 1958. UNTITLED. PWCFC. VOL 2, 2, 70.
[4]SCO7744 - Unedited Source: UNKNOWN. 1959. UNKNOWN TITLE. MEDIEVAL ARCHAEOLOGY. VOL III, 168.
[5]SCO3057 - Bibliographic reference: Chesher, VM & FJ. 1968. The Cornishman's House. 23-24.
[6]SCO5160 - Bibliographic reference: Thomas, AC. 1968. Grass Marked Pottery in Cornwall. Studies in Ancient Europe. Coles, JM & Simpson, DDA. 313, 325-327.
[7]SCO2828 - Bibliographic reference: Beresford, M & Hurst, JS. 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. 152.
[8]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[9]SCO4416 - Article in serial: Sheppard, PA. 1978. St Mawgan Checklist. CA No 17. VOL 17, 120.
[10]SCO2749 - Bibliographic reference: Ashbee, P. 1984. The Mawgan Porth Slab Grave Excavations 1950-52 (Unpub MS).
[11]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[12]SCO7242 - Unedited Source: UNKNOWN. 1934. UNKNOWN TITLE. WESTERN MORNING NEWS. 28/8/1934, 10.
[13]SCO4597 - Bibliographic reference: Thomas, AC. 1981. A Provisional List of Imported Pottery from Post Roman Western Britain & Ireland.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • ECO1309 - Mawgan Porth
  • ECO1374 - Mawgan Porth
  • ECO3638 - Mawgan Porth, Cornwall (Ref: Job Ref 2732)
  • ECO4122 - Mawgan Porth, Odd Spot assessment (Ref: 146431)

Related records

22101.10Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval building (Monument)
22101.15Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval building (Monument)
22101.20Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval building (Monument)
22101.30Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval building (Monument)
22101.40Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval building (Monument)
22101.70Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval cemetery (Monument)
22101.02Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval findspot (Find Spot)
22101.60Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval findspot (Find Spot)
22101.71Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval inhumation, Medieval inhumation (Monument)
22101.12Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval kennels, Medieval kennels (Monument)
22101.11Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval longhouse (Monument)
22101.21Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval longhouse (Monument)
22101.50Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval midden (Monument)
22101.01Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Early Medieval occupation site (Monument)
22101.17Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Undated enclosure (Monument)
22101.16Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Undated garden (Monument)
22101.13Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Undated house (Monument)
22101.14Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Undated house (Monument)
22101.22Parent of: MAWGAN PORTH - Undated house (Monument)

Images

MAWGAN PORTH  © Cornwall Council

MAWGAN PORTH © Cornwall Council

DUBBERS  © Cornwall Council

DUBBERS © Cornwall Council

WHITEMOOR  © Cornwall Council

WHITEMOOR © Cornwall Council

MAWGAN PORTH: Taken from SW, seaward, Berryl's Point toward Trenance/Mawgan Porth  © Cornwall Council

MAWGAN PORTH: Taken from SW, seaward, Berryl's Point toward Trenance/Mawgan Porth © Cornwall Council

MAWGAN PORTH: Taken from NW with Mawgan Porth settlement with Gluvian in background.  © Cornwall Council

MAWGAN PORTH: Taken from NW with Mawgan Porth settlement with Gluvian in background. © Cornwall Council