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HER Number:16152.01
Name:TREGESEAL - Bronze Age stone circle

Summary

A well preserved stone circle, now of 19 stones, forming part of a ritual complex.

Grid Reference:SW 3865 3236
Parish:St Just, Penwith, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO305: Tregeseal stone circles

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 324.21.1
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW33SE 60.1
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 16152.01
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW33SE 77

Monument Types

Full description

On the lower slopes of Truthwall Common stands a well preserved stone circle on virtually flat land. The site is known today as the Nine Maidens or the Dancing Stones (b11). Labelled 'A' by Buller in 1842 who recorded 21 stones, twelve of which were in situ, one was broken, four were prostrate, and four he noted had been removed (b2). Cotton's earlier record of the site in 1827 noted that three stones had been removed and five had fallen (b1). Borlase and (possibly) Lukis noted 17 standing stones (b3). Between 1861 and 1869 a small quarry nearby encroached onto the site causing some damage (b11, b12). When Hencken visited the site in 1932 he noted that fallen stones had been 'restored' and that the circle had been added to (b7). Surveyed by Quinnell in 1960 for the OS (h2). Quinnell showed the circle to comprise 19 standing stones, two having fallen and one was leaning. Two stones, possibly associated, stood outside the perimeter of the site. Barnatt records an ovoid stone circle with a diameter of around 21.3m by 20.1m. The stones stand between 1.43m and 0.76m high with the highest on the western arc of the perimeter, and fairly regularly spaced (h4, b11). Sketch survey by Sharpe in 1985 (h5). The stone circle forms part of ritual complex 16152. The stone circle is visible on aerial photographs (p1) and was plotted as part of the NMP.

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1842. BULLER, REV J
2: 1960. QUINNELL, NV / OS
3: 1975. FLETCHER, M / OS
4: 1982. BARNATT, J
5: 1985. SHARPE, A / CAU
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<1> Cotton, W, 1827, Illustrations of Stone Circles, Cromlechs, and Other Remains of the Aboriginal, 26-27 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3177.


<p1> CCC, 1993, F40/146+7 (Photographic Record). SCO18258.


<2> Buller, J, 1842, A Statistical Account of the Parish of St Just-In-Penwith, 95-96, PLAN (Bibliographic reference). SCO2969.


<3> Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC, 1885, Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall, VOL 2, 27, PL III (Bibliographic reference). SCO3881.


<4> UNKNOWN, 1894, UNKNOWN TITLE, 150, 155, 161, 168 (Unedited Source). SCO6559.


<5> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall, VOL I, 384-386, 405 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.


<6> Ordnance Survey, 1900s, 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4051.


<7> Hencken, HO, 1932, The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly, 55, 60, 299, 319 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3489.


<8> Fox, A, 1964, South West England, 65, 235, PL 22 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3332.


<9> Russell, V, 1971, West Penwith Survey, 39 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4314.


<10> Weatherhill, C, 1981, Belerion: Ancient Sites of Land's End, 27 (Bibliographic reference). SCO5027.


<11> Barnatt, J, 1982, Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments, 61-71, 117, 162-165, 249 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2777.


<12> Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 198-, Field Drawing (GRE), GRE 2/33 (Cartographic materials). SCO5089.


<13> Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 198-, Drawing Archive, Hanging (GRH), GRH 68/4/SW3832 (Cartographic materials). SCO5088.


<14> Preston-Jones, A, 2000, Scheduled Monument Management Projects, 1999-2000 Tregeseal Stone Circle (Cornish Archaeology 39/40, 2000-01), CA 39/40, 209-10 (Article in serial). SCO1782.

Sources / Further Reading

[p1]SCO18258 - Photographic Record: CCC. 1993. F40/146+7. ACP.
[1]SCO3177 - Bibliographic reference: Cotton, W. 1827. Illustrations of Stone Circles, Cromlechs, and Other Remains of the Aboriginal. 26-27.
[2]SCO2969 - Bibliographic reference: Buller, J. 1842. A Statistical Account of the Parish of St Just-In-Penwith. 95-96, PLAN.
[3]SCO3881 - Bibliographic reference: Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC. 1885. Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall. VOL 2, 27, PL III.
[4]SCO6559 - Unedited Source: UNKNOWN. 1894. UNKNOWN TITLE. TRANS PENZANCE NAT HIST AND ANTIQ SOC. 150, 155, 161, 168.
[5]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. VOL I, 384-386, 405.
[6]SCO4051 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1900s. 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map.
[7]SCO3489 - Bibliographic reference: Hencken, HO. 1932. The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly. 55, 60, 299, 319.
[8]SCO3332 - Bibliographic reference: Fox, A. 1964. South West England. 65, 235, PL 22.
[9]SCO4314 - Bibliographic reference: Russell, V. 1971. West Penwith Survey. 39.
[10]SCO5027 - Bibliographic reference: Weatherhill, C. 1981. Belerion: Ancient Sites of Land's End. 27.
[11]SCO2777 - Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 1982. Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments. 61-71, 117, 162-165, 249.
[12]SCO5089 - Cartographic materials: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 198-. Field Drawing (GRE). GRE 2/33.
[13]SCO5088 - Cartographic materials: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 198-. Drawing Archive, Hanging (GRH). GRH 68/4/SW3832.
[14]SCO1782 - Article in serial: Preston-Jones, A. 2000. Scheduled Monument Management Projects, 1999-2000 Tregeseal Stone Circle (Cornish Archaeology 39/40, 2000-01). CA 39/40, 209-10.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • ECO1538 - SM Management: Tregeseal Stone Circle
  • ECO2447 - SM Management: Tregeseal Stone Circle

Related records

16152Part of: TREGESEAL - Bronze Age stone circle (Monument)