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HER Number:19225
Name:PENVENTINNIE - Iron Age/Romano British round

Summary

A well preserved round with an earth rampart 6.0m thick with an external ditch 3.5m wide and 1.8m deep at the north. There is an associated linear earthwork to the west.

Grid Reference:SW 7938 4603
Parish:Kenwyn, Carrick, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument 29614: ROUND 200M NORTH WEST OF PENVENTINNIE

Other References/Statuses

  • Heritage at Risk (National): English Heritage, South West
  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 1007.55.1
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW74NE 19
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 19225
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW74NE 33

Monument Types

  • ROUND (Early Iron Age to Romano British - 800 BC to 409 AD)

Full description

This is a well preserved round. It has a linear earthwork associated with it that runs about 1km to the west (19227, 19228). Henderson described it as a very perfect round, an earth rampart 6.0m thick with an external ditch 3.5m wide and 1.8m deep at the north, though very shallow at the south. At that time the entrance was on the east (b7). In fact there is a possible earlier reference to this round (b1), but this may refer to Bosvisack round. It describes an earthwork on top of a hill with a round bank, enclosed like an ancient castle for a giant or a sepulchre. In 1840 the field was known as 'Ancient Fort', 'Fort Field' and 'Fort Close' (b2). A gap has recently been made in the south-west rampart, and there is some damage by badgers (h4, h5, h6). The monument was included in the Schedule on 14/10/1975 and the scheduling was updated on 8/7/1997. The round is clearly visible as a ring of trees on vertical aerial photographs of the area (p1, p2).

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1965. PITCHER, GH/OS
2: 1974. MORLEY, BM/DOE
3: 1975. UNKNOWN/DOE
4: 1979. SHEPPARD, PA/DOE
5: 1981. SHEPPARD, PA/DOE
6: 1983. SHEPPARD, PA/DOE
--------------------------------


Smith, M, 2012, Treliske & Maiden Green, Governs, Threemilestone, Turo, Cornwall - Cultural Heritage Desk Based Assessment (Cornwall Event Report)


<1> UNKNOWN, 1662, CHANCERY PROCEEDINGS (Unedited Source)


RAF, 1950, 58/472/5207-8 (Cornwall Photo Record)


<2> Tithe Award Map and Apportionment, 1840, Kenwyn (Cartographic materials)


RAF, 1946, 106G/UK/1663/3034-5 (Cornwall Photo Record)


<3> Thomas, R, 1851, Letters to the West Briton (Article in newspaper)


<4> UNKNOWN, 1860, UNKNOWN TITLE (Unedited Source)


<5> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall (Bibliographic reference)


<6> Ordnance Survey, 1900s, 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map (Cartographic materials)


<7> Henderson, C, 1914, Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities (Unpublished document)


<8> ORDNANCE SURVEY, 1962, MAP OF SOUTHERN BRITAIN IN THE IRON AGE (Unedited Source)


<9> Warner, R, 1965, Kenwyn Checklist (Article in serial)


<10> ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 South West (Bibliographic reference)


<11> ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 South West (Bibliographic reference)


<12> ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 South West (Bibliographic reference)


<12> ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 South West (Bibliographic reference)

Sources / Further Reading

---SCO25693 - Cornwall Event Report: Smith, M. 2012. Treliske & Maiden Green, Governs, Threemilestone, Turo, Cornwall - Cultural Heritage Desk Based Assessment.
[p1]SCO13002 - Cornwall Photo Record: RAF. 1950. 58/472/5207-8.
[1]SCO5451 - Unedited Source: UNKNOWN. 1662. CHANCERY PROCEEDINGS. AT PRO. C2, JAMES 1 A6/62, 12 FEB.
[p2]SCO10365 - Cornwall Photo Record: RAF. 1946. 106G/UK/1663/3034-5.
[2]SCO4785 - Cartographic materials: Tithe Award Map and Apportionment. 1840. Kenwyn. FIELD NOS 858, ANCIENT FORT; 864, FORT FIELD; 863, FORT CR.
[3]SCO4699 - Article in newspaper: Thomas, R. 1851. Letters to the West Briton. At CSL, Redruth. NO 42.
[4]SCO6131 - Unedited Source: UNKNOWN. 1860. UNKNOWN TITLE. RRIC. VOL XXIX, 43 & PL 15.
[5]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. 466.
[6]SCO4051 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1900s. 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map.
[7]SCO3503 - Unpublished document: Henderson, C. 1914. Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities. MS At RIC. VOL III, 197, 199 FIG.
[8]SCO7846 - Unedited Source: ORDNANCE SURVEY. 1962. MAP OF SOUTHERN BRITAIN IN THE IRON AGE.
[9]SCO5011 - Article in serial: Warner, R. 1965. Kenwyn Checklist. CA No 4. VOL 4, 77.
[10]SCO24113 - Bibliographic reference: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009 South West.
[11]SCO24114 - Bibliographic reference: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010 South West.
[12]SCO24115 - Bibliographic reference: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011 South West.
[12]SCO25275 - Bibliographic reference: ENGLISH HERITAGE. 2012. Heritage at Risk Register 2012 South West.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • ECO3939 - Treliske & Maiden Green, Governs, Threemilestone, Truro, Cornwall

Related records: none recorded

Images

PENVENTINNIE  © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE  © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE  © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE: Taken from NW round in foreground with settlement in background.  © Cornwall Council

PENVENTINNIE: Taken from NW round in foreground with settlement in background. © Cornwall Council

GOVERNS ROUND AKA PENVENTINNIE: Taken from SE  © Cornwall Council

GOVERNS ROUND AKA PENVENTINNIE: Taken from SE © Cornwall Council