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HER Number:MDV10278
Name:Manganese Mine, Langford

Summary

A D-shaped pit circa 40 by 30 metres in size was visible as an earthwork on the north-facing combe slopes at Langford, on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data. The pit might have been a manganese open cast quarry of 18th to 19th century date.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 902 977
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNewton St. Cyres
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUPTON PYNE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99NW/41

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVIII to XXI - 1701 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV120047.

Minchinton, w. /industrial archaeology in devon/(1973)15.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV120048.

Ramsden, j. V. /tda/84(1852)97 fig.1/notes on the mines of devonshire.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV120049.

Special report mineral resources/15(1920)/arsenic and antimony.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV120050.

Russell, p. M. G. /dcnq/31(1970)205-207/manganese mining in devon.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV120051.

Osa=sx99nw31.


Ramsden, J. V., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV38544.

Mine manganese was first found in devon at upton pyne and newton st. Cyres in 1770, and some years supplied the whole country. It was used in the potteries and for purifying glass. In the early 19th century as much as 2-3000 tons was shipped annually from exeter. L3 langford. Manganese (ramsden).


Russell, P. M. G., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV6591.

Langford may have been small open-cast working for manganese (russell).


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

A pit is depicted in this location.


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

A pit annotated 'Quarry' is depicted in this location.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4101-4102 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

A D-shaped earthwork pit was visible.


Cranstone, D., 1993, Monuments Protection Programme: Minor Metals and Vein Minerals. Step 1 Report, 27 (Report - non-specific). SDV355894.

The Devon manganese industry developed around 1770, centred initially upon Upton Pyne, and rapidly became the main producer. The centre shifted to Newton St. yres around 1800, and to the Teign valley in the 1810s.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9097 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

A D-shaped pit was visible. Map object based on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A D-shaped pit circa 40 by 30 metres in size was visible as an earthwork on the north-facing combe slopes at Langford, on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data. Once it passed out of use the field in which the pit was located was probably turned over to use as an orchard. Two further possible relict pits are visible on the south facing slopes of the combe, to the north and north-east.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Migrated Record: Russell, P. M. G..
  • Migrated Record: Ramsden, J. V..
  • Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D.. 1993. Monuments Protection Programme: Minor Metals and Vein Minerals. Step 1 Report. English Heritage Report. Digital + A4. 27.
  • Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9097 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.
  • Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4101-4102 04-NOV-1946.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV6924 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments NMP project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2015 10:14AM