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HER Number:MDV10473
Name:Earthwork Mound on Woodbury Common

Summary

An earthwork mound interpreted as the probable result of 18th – 19th century landscaping works is visible as an earthwork mound and ditch on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on Woodbury Common.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 034 864
Map Sheet:SY08NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWoodbury
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWOODBURY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 448602
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY08NW/5
  • Old SAM County Ref: 60F
  • Old SAM Ref: 29651

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BARROW (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • MOUND (XVIII to XIX - 1701 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, Unknown (Migrated Record). SDV331.

Vis=2/12/1997 (salvatore) bowl barrow, 2m high, 14m diam, surrounded by quarry ditch 2.5m wide, 0.5m deep. This barrow and sy08nw/6 are surrounded at a further distance by a bank and outer ditch. These are additional features of perhaps more recent date, as part of landscaping thought by southwell to date to late c18-early c19. Tyler suggests that they may be napoleonic defences, although this seems unlikely and probert states that the barrows are shown on a plan of 1801 whilst troops stationed in the area during the invasion threat did not arrive until after that date (mpp).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1004.

Vis=27/4/1972 and 21/4/1982 (grinsell) all covered in trees and undergrowth. Looks recent by reason of steep profile. Diameter 14m; height 1.8m (grinsell).


SOUTHWELL, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104783.

Unlikely to be prehistoric. Possibly connected with the military activity on the common during the napoleonic war, or part of the 18/19th century landscaping of lord rolle (southwell).


Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV104823.

Vis=-/6/1923 (ancient monuments) tumuli on woodbury common, barrow f. From four firs along the yettington road eastwards, two tumuli are marked f and g on the 6" o. S. Map about 152m, before entering the boundridge plantation. They are surrounded by earth walls of modern construction, the highway runs between them.


RCHME, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV104828.

Vis=5/9/1990 (rchme) centred sy03608642. Four probable landscaping mounds, arranged in 2 pairs, flank the woodbury-yettington road on woodbury common.


SEE 5,IAM, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104829.

All mounds are steep sided with gently rounded tops. Their diam vary between 9.3 and 10.5 with heights between 1.8m and 2.6m. The 2 e mounds at sy03448646 and sy03458642 are enclosed by circular earth and stone banks, 1.3m wide and 0.7m high which lie close to the mound. The w mounds at sy03758636 and sy03738633 are unenclosed, lying on the woodbury/bicton parish boundary. Mature conifers cover the e mounds while the 2 to the w are currently unplanted. The two mounds scheduled 60 j and l do not exist. It seems unlikely that they were ever present, 2 clumps of scots pines were apparently scheduled on circumstantial evidence without being investigated (see 5,iam).


NMR, CITING PROBERT, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104830.

Although one of the mounds is alleged to have produced evidence of a cremation and associated finds ( see brighouse) there can be little doubt that in their present form they are the result of landscaping activity initiated by lord rolle of bicton in the late 18c or 19c (nmr, citing probert).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104833.

Southwell, c. /woodbury common/unpublished undergraduate dissertation/ exeter university/(1981).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104834.

Vancouver, c. /general view of the agriculture of the county of devon/ (1808)293.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104835.

Des=robinson, r. /list of fmw visits(19/1/1983)in smr.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104836.

Grinsell, l. V. /pdas/41(1983)45.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104837.

Des=mpp/144407.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104838.

Nmr=sy08nw8.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104839.

Tyler, f. C. /dcnq/16(1931)340/mounds on woodbury common.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV104840.

Des=probert, s. A. J. /(1990)/rchme field investigation.


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthwork mound is depicted.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1412, RAF/106G/UK/1412 3172-73 13-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352504.

The earthwork mound is partly visible.


Griffiths, D., 1983, ?Quay (Worksheet). SDV13596.

Vis=19/1/1982 (griffiths) "barrow" stands circa 2m high. Covered by deciduous trees.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Part 2: Gazetteer, 2, Site No. 8 (Report - Survey). SDV101648.

Mound, one of a pair flanking either side of the road may represent prehistoric barrow, 18th century landscaping mound, or both (i.e. barrow remodelled). SMR describes mound as 14 metres diameter by 2 metres high with surrounding ditch, and further outer bank and ditch. Mound, banks and ditches are just visible through virtually impenetrable vegetation (trees and bracken), which surrounds and covers the features.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Site No. 8 (Archive - Survey). SDV358490.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Site No. 8 (Report - Survey). SDV359019.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003-2004, East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey, Site No. 2662 (Archive - Survey). SDV351568.

Barrow. Scheduled Monument.
See description in East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey Part 2: Gazetteer, 2, Site No. 8 - SDV101648.


Exeter Archaeology, 2007, East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007, 16, Site No. 2662 (Archive - Survey). SDV351571.

Mound, the northern of a pair flanking either side of the road. May represent a prehistoric barrow, 18th century landscaping mound, or both.

Mound, banks and ditches are just visible through vegetation which covers the features. It was not possible to reach this barrow owing to vegetation cover.

Protection during vegetation clearance. Possible interpretation as one of a group of mounds.


Exeter Archaeology, 2008, East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007, 2, Site No. 2662 (Report - Survey). SDV351570.

A number of the larger mounds are believed to represent prehistoric barrows that were remodelled in the 18th century to form landscape features.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0386 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The earthwork mound is visible. Map object based on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object previously based on this Source.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 95 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Declining. Principal vulnerability scrub/tree growth.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

An earthwork mound interpreted as the probable result of 18th – 19th century landscaping works is visible as an earthwork mound and ditch on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards. The earthworks are visible as a central circular mound, approximately 11m in diameter surrounded by an earthwork ditch which is itself encompassed by an outer circular earthwork berm, approximately 27m in diameter. An identical earthwork mound is visible to the immediate south, on the other side of the road. The earthworks are unlikely to be of prehistoric origin, as has been previously suggested, but is more likely the result of more recent 18th-19th century landscaping works. The earthworks are clearly visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2010.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Migrated Record:
  • Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.26. A4 Unbound + Digital. Part 2: Gazetteer, 2, Site No. 8.
  • Migrated Record: SOUTHWELL.
  • Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
  • Report - Survey: RCHME.
  • Migrated Record: SEE 5,IAM.
  • Migrated Record: NMR, CITING PROBERT.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Worksheet: Griffiths, D.. 1983. ?Quay.
  • Migrated Record: Unknown. Unknown. Monument Protection Programme. Unknown.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003-2004. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 2662.
  • Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2008. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. Exeter Archaeology Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2, Site No. 2662.
  • Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2007. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 16, Site No. 2662.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1412. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1412 3172-73 13-APR-1946.
  • Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 95.
  • Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0386 22-MAY-2010.
  • Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
  • Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 8.
  • Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.26. Site No. 8.

Associated Monuments

MDV10474Related to: Earthwork Mound on Woodbury Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV6924 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments NMP project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2016 5:10PM