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HER Number:MDV113064
Name:Former Farms and Access Roads, Poltimore Park

Summary

The location of two former farmsteads and associated access roads or tracks of possible medieval to 19th century date, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork ditches or hollows and low banks in Poltimore Deer Park. The earthwork banks appear to have been levelled but sub-surface features might survive in-situ.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 968 959
Map Sheet:SX99NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishPoltimore
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPOLTIMORE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • HOLLOW WAY (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1880 AD (Between))
  • ROAD (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1880 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The earthworks correspond with a roads leading to Bargain Farm and Pitt Estates. Hollows or platforms correspond with the former farmsteads


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthworks correspond in part with depicted tree planting.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4072-4073 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Earthwork hollows were visible within which parallel earthwork ditches and banks could be seen. Map object based partly on this source.


Fairy Surveys Ltd, 1964, FSL/6412 V, FSL/6412 V 1113-1114 07-FEB-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357115.

Two parallel earthwork banks were visible. Map object based on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 1966, OS/66185 V, OS/66185 V 341-342 22-JUL-1966 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357577.

The route of two parallel earthwork banks were visible as cropmarks.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9695, SX9696, SX9795, SX9796 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

Extensive former tracks, roads or hollow ways were visible as broad but shallow earthwork ditches or hollows. Map object based partly on this source.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The location of two former farmsteads and associated access roads or tracks of possible medieval to 19th century date, were visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork ditches or hollows and low banks in Poltimore Deer Park.
The earthworks correspond closely with roads or track as depicted on the Tithe Map for Poltimore that probably provided access to the former farmsteads or settlements of Bargain and Pitt, both listed in the Tithe Apportionments as being owned by Lord Poltimore. Narrow and parallel earthwork banks approximately 6 metres apart, located at circa SX970959, were probably were the remains of roadside hedge banks.
The settlements and roads are not depicted on the Ordnance Survey 25 inch First Edition map and were probably therefore cleared during landscaping to enlarge the parkland at Poltimore House between the 1840s and 1880s. The depiction of tree planting on the OS First Edition map supports the interpretation that much of the earlier hedgerow trees were retained as parkland features. An additional hollow way or road not depicted on the Tithe Map was also visible as an earthwork continuing to the north-east of the former Bargain Farm, which was probably removed during an earlier phase of emparkment.
The earthwork banks remained visible as earthworks on aerial phototgraphs of 1966 but have since been levelled. The routes of the former roads and sites of the farmsteads remain visible on digital images derived from lidar data as earthwork hollow ways and platforms or hollows.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4072-4073 04-NOV-1946.
  • Aerial Photograph: Fairy Surveys Ltd. 1964. FSL/6412 V. Fairy Surveys Ltd aerial photograph. Photograph (Paper). FSL/6412 V 1113-1114 07-FEB-1964.
  • Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1966. OS/66185 V. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/66185 V 341-342 22-JUL-1966.
  • Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9695, SX9696, SX9795, SX9796 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014.

Associated Monuments

MDV115232Related to: Bargains Farm, Poltimore (Building)
MDV115233Related to: Pitt, Poltimore (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV6924 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments NMP project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:May 26 2016 10:36AM