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HER Number:MDV119785
Name:Settling Pits and associated Features at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Three circular clay settling pits and associated features at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works

Location

Grid Reference:SX 534 635
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SETTLING PIT (Constructed, XIX - 1850 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Shown on 19th century map as a row of three circular features with sluices shown as 'Sl' on their western sides.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Three circular features shown on early 20th century map with sluices shown as 'Sl' on the west side of each.


Smith , J. R. + Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1996, Shaugh Bridge China-Clay Works: An Archaeological Evaluation, Sites 35-44, 11 + survey (Report - Evaluation). SDV360309.

Sites 35,36 and 37: A set of three settling pits on a granite masonry fronted plinth up to 1.5 metres high. The three granite pits are 16 metres in diameter by 2.5 metres deep. Pit (Site 35) has the remains of a button-hole launder beside the sluice and has been modified by the addition of a 0.6 metre high concrete block wall around the top edge. Pit (Site 37) has the timber uprights for the sluice control still in situ.
Sites 38,39 and 40: Three sluices allowed each settling pit to be emptied or 'landed' to the tanks below.
Site 41: Around the tops of the settling pits are a series of shallow channels circa 0.1 metres deep which were probably intended to collect and divert rainwater away from the pits.
Site 42: A wooden launder to the east of the pits appears to have been the means for the distribution of the clay into the pits.
Site 43: A connecting channel 0.7 metres deep to channels to the north-west.
Site 44: To the west of the two southern settling pits are two brick-lined sumps 1.2 metres deep which give access to a pipe run at their base. This may be the only currently visible evidence for clear water disposal from the settling pits.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Three circular features shown on modern mapping. Map object based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • Report - Evaluation: Smith , J. R. + Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1996. Shaugh Bridge China-Clay Works: An Archaeological Evaluation. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Spiral Bound. Sites 35-44, 11 + survey.

Associated Monuments

MDV2218Part of: Shaugh Prior China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119758Related to: Access Track at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119788Related to: Building and extension wall at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119751Related to: Building at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119752Related to: Cart Bays and Linhays at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119756Related to: Chimney at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119759Related to: Earthwork south of Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119755Related to: Furnaces at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119782Related to: Mica Pit at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119779Related to: Settling Tank and Slurry Channels at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119753Related to: Shelter at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119754Related to: Store or Lavatory at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV119757Related to: Thickening Tanks at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119760Related to: Two Settling Tanks at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV119778Related to: Wall enclosing four Pillars at Shaugh Bridge China Clay Works, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7338 - Shaugh Bridge China-Clay Works: An Archaeological Evaluation

Date Last Edited:Feb 20 2018 12:03PM