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HER Number:MDV12725
Name:Deserted farmstead at Deancombe

Summary

Deancombe deserted farmstead, which dates to at least 1317. The farmstead split into two holdings (east and west)in the 16th century and the western section buildings later became outbuildings for the farmstead in the 19th century. The farm was eventually abandoned in around 1922.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 579 687
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/211

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XIV to Late Medieval - 1317 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

1840, Tithe Map (Cartographic). SDV339770.

Deancombe is depicted on the Tithe Map and it shows ten buildings in total, many of which are no longer standing in the late 19th century when the First Edition Ordnance Survey map was drawn, including the older farm buildings at the eastern end of the farmstead, which were replaced by the later 19th century phase of occupation.


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Deancombe Farm is depicted. The late 19th century map shows the more modern eastern farm buildings constructed in the mid 19th century and the remains of the older western buildings.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 254,299 (Monograph). SDV1312.

The earliest reference to this site is in 1317.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 30, 31 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Deancombe (old) A group of dry stone buildings immediately west of the modern Deancombe’s mowhay. A spring rises and flows past the buildings, which seem grouped round a yard. A fallen chimney stone seems to indicate a fireplace at the west end of one room and some suggestion of a chimmeny at the east end. A stone trough at SX5793768791 and a potato cave at SX5797168816 are also visible. The potato cave now gives rise to a spring.
The buildings were probably used as outhouses to the later Deancombe, abandoned in approximately 1922.
Deancombe new - describes the four structures in the eastern section of the farmstead (see related records). Probably built in the 19th century on this level area to replace older buildings to the westward. Water supply piped, probably from the hill above. Mowhay west of barn and beyond that the ruined buildings of an older farm.


Newman, P., 1994, Tinners and Tenants on South-West Dartmoor: a case study in landscape history, 219-221,231 (Article in Serial). SDV340414.

In 1566 division of east and west is documented. In 1506 Dennecomb is described as a 'villat' in the forester's accounts. Farm is well documented through the 16th to 19th century.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Map object based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 254,299.
  • Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript. 30, 31.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: 1840. Tithe Map. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Map (Paper).
  • Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1994. Tinners and Tenants on South-West Dartmoor: a case study in landscape history. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 126. A5 Paperback. 219-221,231.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV103764Parent of: Barn at Deancombe Farm (Building)
MDV20654Parent of: New Deancombe Farmhouse (Building)
MDV103765Parent of: Shippon and carthouse at Deancombe Farm (Building)
MDV3433Related to: Ruined farmstead at Middleworth, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2017 9:40AM