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HER Number:MDV14221
Name:Monastic Homestead submerged by Avon Dam Reservoir

Summary

Small Medieval homestead on Dean Moor excavated in 1956 prior to the construction of the Avon Dam Reservoir. Probably deserted in the 14th century

Location

Grid Reference:SX 677 653
Map Sheet:SX66NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDean Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishDEAN PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NE 19
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NE/64
  • Pastscape: 441405

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOMESTEAD (XIII to XIV - 1250 AD to 1349 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Two buildings in a square enclosure shown on 19th century map.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 4271 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Royal Air Force, 1953, 58/1110, 0042/5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157241.


Fox, A., 1957, Excavations on Dean Moor in the Avon Valley, 1954-1956, 164, Interim report (Article in Serial). SDV167114.

Settlement at Dean Moor was excavated in 1956 by A. Fox.


Fox, A., 1958, A Monastic Homestead on Dean Moor, South Devon, 141-157, plan (Article in Serial). SDV137725.

Medieval homestead covering an area of some four acres.
A small rectangular two-roomed house and separate long byre (sub-divided into pens), linked by an enclosed yard. A shed or pen butted up against the west side of the house. All structures were built with drystone granite walling. South of the buildings was a roughly rectangular cultivation plot/paddock, and a larger wedge-shaped track of moorland enclosing 4 acres with a drystone wall. The house may originally have been divided into living room and animal byre, with the separate byre being a later addition. Associated pottery was dated circa 1250-1350. The excavator suggests the site was occupied seasonally, and was a pastoral establishment. Documentary evidence indicates that it may have been run by a lay brother of Buckfast Abbey. The monastic homestead was probably deserted about the time of the Black Death (1348-1349).
Now submerged by the Avon Dam Reservoir.


Walker, H. H., 1961, Notes for a Study of Bishop Walter de Stapledon and the Church in the West Country in the Early 14th Century, 325 (Article in Serial). SDV18677.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, Table 2 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Linehan Number 17.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

The medieval enclosure seems from the 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photograph to be built onto an earlier enclosure and it may incorporate a hut circle at SX67736540.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 147-150, Map 57.17 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Matches description by Fox. Plan included. The homestead lies 30 metres from the edge of the reservoir and is only occasionally visible.


Gerrard, S., 2000-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Considered under the Monument Protection Programme but not recommended for scheduling because fully excavated and lies beneath reservoir.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Dean Moor (Un-published). SDV352501.

Dean Moor deserted settlement.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1958. A Monastic Homestead on Dean Moor, South Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 2. Photocopy. 141-157, plan.
  • Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 2000-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown.
  • Article in Serial: Walker, H. H.. 1961. Notes for a Study of Bishop Walter de Stapledon and the Church in the West Country in the Early 14th Century. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 93. A5 Hardback. 325.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4271.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. 58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0042/5.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1957. Excavations on Dean Moor in the Avon Valley, 1954-1956. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 89. Unknown. 164, Interim report.
  • Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. Table 2.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 147-150, Map 57.17.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Dean Moor.

Associated Monuments

MDV24949Related to: Avon Dam Reservoir (Monument)
MDV14799Related to: Hut circle settlement on Dean Moor (Monument)
MDV5289Related to: Ore found at settlement on Dean Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 18 2016 11:20AM