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HER Number:MDV14309
Name:Round cairn on Walkhampton Common lying east of the reave

Summary

Round cairn located at the eastern end of a short stone alignment near the Great Western Reave on Walkhampton Common. Cairn measures approximately 7.8 metres in diameter and stands up to 0.7 metres high. A shallow hollow in the centre of the mound suggests robbing or partial early excavation.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 561 708
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 46
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/163
  • Pastscape: 440158

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1906, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part VII, 535 (Article in Serial). SDV277335.


Worth, R. H., 1923, 42nd Report of the Barrow Committee, 50 (Article in Serial). SDV272438.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 269-7 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

25/4/1973 (SX5626 7082) Barrow with hollow centre, diameter 6 metres, height 0.7 metres.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force or National Monuments Record aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP130544, 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Cairn 7 metres east of Walkhampton Common reave. Part of a complex including two cairns and a stone alignment. Diameter 7.8 metres, height 0.7 metres. Central hollow measures 2.5 metres by 1.7 metres by 0.3 metres deep.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 46.7 (Monograph). SDV137656.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cairns' depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 23/08/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This monument includes a stone alignment, two round cairns and a length of Walkhampton Common reave lying in a valley between Sharpitor and Leeden Tors overlooking the valley of the River Meavy.
The second cairn lies 7m east of the reave and the mound measures 7.8m in diameter and stands up to 0.7m high. A shallow hollow in the centre of the mound, measuring 2.5m long by 1.5m wide and 0.3m deep, suggests robbing or partial early excavation. See designation record for full detail.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 23/08/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

A double row of stones extending for about 120 feet with a cairn at its western end. The average distance between the rows is 10 inches. The cairn is 36 feet in diameter and lies 326 feet south-west of the junction of Routrundle track with the Princetown road (SX 56217081).
There is also a small cairn 95 feet north-east from the eastern end of the stone row (citing Worth, R. H., 1906, 1923 and 1946).
A stone row, with a cairn at the west end at SX 56147078, extends almost due west for 26.0 metres to SX56167078. The cairn, mutilated and amorphous, is now approximately 6.7 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres high at its maximum.
There are nine stones in the row, including three pairs, with an additional stone which seems to be displaced, all between 0.1 metres and 0.3 metres high (see plan). The east end of the row is terminated by a reave (MDV15038) which has cut across and evidently destroyed any westward extension.
Worth's second cairn is at SX56197079, turf-covered and circular, it is 6.3 metres in diameter and 0.6 metres high, with a central depression (see ground photograph)
Row and cairns surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:2500; row also surveyed at 1:500 for archaeological records (citing Ordnance Survey, Quinnell, N. V., 28/05/80).

The cairn on the east side of the reave is 7.8 metres across, up to 0.7 metres high with a shallow hollow in the centre 2.5 metres by 1.5 metres and 0.3 metres deep. The other cairn is 7 metres in diameter, up to 0.4 metres high with a flat top. The stone alignment extends almost due east for 26 metres from the cairn and has nine stones including three pairs. Scheduled (citing Scheduled Monument Notification 4/11/1993).
A double stone alignment, unusual both for the much narrower spacing between the paired stones , 0.1 - 0.3 metres and for its exceptionally short length. Only 22.5 metres separates the final stone from the centre of the cairn at the upper end, apparently close to the original length of the row despite the lack of formal termination. Three pairs of stones remain in place as well as two unaccompanied slabs, the largest 0.45 metres in height, with space for at least one more missing pair in the centre. The terminal cairn is hardly recognisable, a few earth fast stones show through the turf but the much spread mound rises barely 0.2 metres above the surface. The other cairn is far better preserved, hollowed at the centre, lying north-east of the alignment and on the opposite side of the reave. (see large scale drawing) (citing Butler, J., 1994).
The cairns and the stone row are becoming overgrown; some gorse occurs in the vicinity. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale. (citing Fletcher, M. J., English Heritage Field Investigation, 11/05/2007)

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 46.7.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 269-7.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 175.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1906. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part VII. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. Digital. 535.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1923. 42nd Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 55. Unknown. 50.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP130544, 1992.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 23/08/2016.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 23/08/2016.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV50703Related to: Cairn at west end of alignment between Sharpitor and Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV4991Related to: Stone row 450 meters north of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV15038Related to: The Walkhampton Common Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 23 2016 3:45PM