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HER Number:MDV14795
Name:Merrivale Stone Row B, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Southern double stone row of the Merrivale group with a cairn at the centre. This alignment is included in the guardianship area managed by Dartmoor National Park Authority on behalf of English Heritage.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 747
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/135
  • Old SAM County Ref: 333
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 12/01/1996
  • Old SAM Ref: 24193

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Deane, J. B., 1834, Untitled Source, 195-200 (Article in Serial). SDV273229.


Wilkinson, J. G., 1860, The rock basins of Dartmoor, etc., 114 (Article in Serial). SDV273188.

Other details: Plate 7.


Brent, F., 1883, On a group of prehistoric remains on Dartmoor, 220 (Article in Serial). SDV273189.


Worth, R. N., 1892, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, 395-6 (Article in Serial). SDV237176.


Page, J. L. W., 1895, An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities, with some account of its borders, with some account of its borders (Monograph). SDV344985.

Page mentions the leat having been 'recently constructed' and it is depicted on an included plan of Merrivale pursuing a fairly straight course, with some meanderings starting to develop.


Worth, R. N., 1895, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor: Part 4, 440 (Article in Serial). SDV273221.


Stephens, F. M., 1900, Untitled Source (Site Visit). SDV273172.

According to measurements taken years ago the alignment was 1140 foot (347 meters) long, but this appears incorrect. Now 858 foot in length (262 meters). This alignment appears to have formerly consisted of 240 stones, 120 each side. Now there are 109 stones on the south side, 110 on the north side.


Ordnance Survey, 1906, 106NE, OS 6" 106NE (Cartographic). SDV249909.

Stone rows shown on OS 6" (1906) map.


Worth, R. H., 1930, Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 33-4 (Article in Serial). SDV231168.


Tyler, F. C., 1930-1931, Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows, 115-9 (Article in Serial). SDV251072.

The Merrivale group is included in a discussion by Tyler on the orientation of stone rows.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 445,448 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Ancient Monuments, 1940, Untitled Source (Schedule Document). SDV273169.

Walkhampton stone rows, cairns and cist at Merrivale. One of two stone rows, the southern row, a double alignment. 244 meters long extending on either side of a small cairn with peristalith, 4.572 meters in diameter.


Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 235 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Other details: Figs 6-7.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 298 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

The southern double row overlapping row A at both ends. Blocking stone at eastern end, 1.35 meters high. No formal termination at the western end. There is a mid-row cairn at almost the true centre of the row (see PRN 14796). Row measures 265 meters long with direction N 81 deg E. Row no. 28. Other details: Plate 36.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE 12, SX57SE 12 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV273168.

Double stone row with large blocking stone or menhir tapering to top, at the eastern end. At a distance of 115 meters to the west is a cairn set between the two rows. Condition of rows very good. Other details: Plan & photograph.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 106-7,111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


NMR, 1979, Untitled Source, SF 1510/174 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV273194.

In both instances the concentration at the east may be due to the close proximity of the source material in an abundance of clitter whereas there is virtually no surface stone alongside or to the west of the rows. The central cairn at SX55437477 is 3 meters in diameter and 0.2 meters high, with its stone content now turf-covered. It has an off-centre cist, orientated north-south of which the side slabs remain in place. The cist measures 0.7 meters by 0.4 meters and is 0.3 meters deep. Slightly beyond the perimeter of the mound six stones of a peristalith or cairn circle survive, two of these to a height of 0.5 meters. Other details: Citing OS.


Ordnance Survey, 1980, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV273177.

Stone Row B (southerly row): SX55307475 to SX55567478. A double row, 262.5 meters in length incorporating a cairn within 2.5 meters of the midway point. The stones are random post and slab types, the latter always well aligned with the row except for the twin blocking stones at the western end and the single blocking stone at the eastern end. The spacing of stones along the rows is approximately 1.6 meters but for the eastern 30 meters they close up to an average spacing of 1.0 meter. The width between rows varies from 1.2 meters to 0.6 meters again being closer towards the eastern end, where, as in the northern row, the stones are consistently higher.


RCHM, 1985, Untitled Source (Schedule Document). SDV273171.

Visible and recorded.


Department of Environment, 1986, Untitled Source (Schedule Document). SDV273206.

Stone row B of the Merrivale group. SMC granted (1986) for insertion of polythene pipe to alleviate flooding.


Hughes, M. R., 1991, Botanical Survey of Devon Properties: Merrivale Stone Rows (Report - Survey). SDV344988.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 26-27 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Southern double stone row, eighty meters longer than the northern alignment, this row has a triangular-shaped blocking stone set between the rows at the east end but there is no sign of a cairn. Unusually, a small cairn interrupts the rows around halfway along, which may have been built before one half of the alignment as the alignment differs slightly around it. Average height of the stones of the alignment is only 0.22 meters, but three exceptionally large stones may indicate features nearly such as the start and termination of the northern double row. As with the northern alignment, Butler considers that this alignment may be complete in its current state, as no evidence exists of the rows having once extended further in either direction.


Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1994, Merrivale Stone Rows: A New Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 2, Appendix II (Report - Survey). SDV273202.

Southern stone row measuring 263 meters incorporating a cairn almost midway along the alignment. 239 stones are visible, a further seven are obscured by grassy mounds and six encircle the central cairn. Similar sized stones to the northern row, arranged with similar spacing between them, although the spacing decreases towards the eastern end of the row. There is a slight change in alignment east of the central cairn.


Ancient Monuments, 1994, Schedule (Schedule Document). SDV273174.

Double stone alignment 24 meters south of MDV 14797, with which it is roughly parallel. 264 metres long double row of upright stones, 0.2-0.7 metres high, although blocking stone at the eastern end is much larger, and stands up to 1.35 metres high. Spacing along the row varies considerably and distance between rows averages 0.9 meters.


Department of Environment, 1995, Untitled Source (Schedule Document). SDV273176.

SMC granted for works concerning repairs to sections of the leat.


Straker, V., 1996, Assessment of potential for pollen analsis of peat sampled between the stone rows at Merrivale, Dartmoor (Report - Scientific). SDV344998.


Griffith, F. M., 1996, DAP/ABF, 3-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV273204.


Department of Environment, 1997, Untitled Source (Schedule Document). SDV273180.

SMC granted for various repairs.


Haslam, R., 1998, Survey of stone rows at Merrivale (Report - Survey). SDV344981.


Wells, D., 1998, Wildlife Statement for Merrivale Prehistoric Settlement (Report - Assessment). SDV345003.


Marshall, P., 1999, Radiocarbon Dating at Merrivale (Report - Scientific). SDV345004.

Two radiocarbon dates obtained from the paleoenvironmental samples (0.16-0.17 meters depth) confirmed a calibrated date of AD 240 - 420 for the onset of peat and soil development at the site. Other details: Radiocarbon dating certificates attached.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1999 - 2000, Untitled Source (Un-published). SDV344979.

Walkhampton Common is now within an Environmentally Sensitive Area and subject to an agreement that limits the number of stock animals grazing on the common during winter months. This has reduced erosion damage by stock animals and generally led to the build up of a thicker layer of vegetation cover at the site. This has increased the effectiveness of the routine maintenance works that are being undertaken at the site by Dartmoor National Park Authority.


Probert, S. A. J., 2000, The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV344969.

Centred at SX55457479. Two double stone rows lie in open moorland forming the gently sloping crest of Long Ash Hill south of the B3357. The rows lie at approximately 340 meters above ordnance datum and are oriented roughly east to west. They are almost parallel, being 25 meters between centres at their eastern ends increasing to 32 meters at the western end. A leat still used to convey water to hillside stables separates the two monuments and flows to within 2.0 meters of the northern row. A single row runs roughly south-west from a small cairn at SX55397476, some 4.75 meters south of the southern row.
Southern stone row measuring 263 meters incorporating a cairn almost midway along the alignment. 239 stones are visible, a further seven are obscured by grassy mounds and six encircle the central cairn. Similar sized stones to the northern row, arranged with similar spacing between them, although the spacing decreases towards the eastern end of the row. There is a slight change in alignment east of the central cairn.


Walker, J., 2003, Merrivale's double stone rows, 22-3 (Article in Serial). SDV273218.

The double stone row may have been used as a calendar, with shadows relating to the equinoxes and solstices.


Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage, 2004, Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape (Leaflet). SDV320201.

The Merrivale monuments have been the subject of detailed ground survey and photographic recording resulting in comprehensive plans being drawn up of the two double stone rows which run almost parallel to one another. The southern row is 260 meters with a terminal stone at both ends and an almost central cairn circle. The western end of the row is thought to be the original section of the row with the eastern end constituting a later addition, due to the slight kink partway along the alignment. 40 meters west of the central cairn is a single row running south for 63 meters consisting of up to 17 very small stones.


DCMS, 2004, Untitled Source (Schedule Document). SDV319929.

SMC granted for works concerning a five year programme of management works including erosion repairs.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object based on this Source.


Quinnell, N. V., 22/03/1995, Stone Row (Personal Comment). SDV215687.

Merrivale B. As above.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 26-27.
  • Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 22/03/1995. Stone Row.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1930. Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 62. 33-4.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1892. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Digital. 395-6.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 106NE. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper). OS 6" 106NE.
  • Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1930-1931. Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 16. 115-9.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 235.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 106-7,111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 298.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE 12. SX57SE. SX57SE 12.
  • Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1940.
  • Schedule Document: RCHM. 1985. MPP/133484.
  • Site Visit: Stephens, F. M.. 1900.
  • Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1994. Schedule. The Schedule of Monuments.
  • Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1995.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey. 1980.
  • Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1997.
  • Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1860. The rock basins of Dartmoor, etc.. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 16. 114.
  • Article in Serial: Brent, F.. 1883. On a group of prehistoric remains on Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 39. 220.
  • National Monuments Record Database: NMR. 1979. SF 1510/174. SF 1510/174.
  • Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1994. Merrivale Stone Rows: A New Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. RCHME Field Investigation. A4 Comb Bound. 2, Appendix II.
  • Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1996. DAP/ABF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3-6.
  • Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1986.
  • Article in Serial: Walker, J.. 2003. Merrivale's double stone rows. Dartmoor Magazine. 71. 22-3.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1895. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor: Part 4. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 27. Digital. 440.
  • Article in Serial: Deane, J. B.. 1834. Archaeologia. 25. 195-200.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 445,448.
  • Schedule Document: DCMS. 2004.
  • Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage. 2004. Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape. A5 Stapled.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2000. The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon. English Heritage. 1247982. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
  • Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1999 - 2000. A4 Unbound.
  • Report - Survey: Haslam, R.. 1998. Survey of stone rows at Merrivale. Bournemouth University School of Conservation Sciences Report. Unknown.
  • Monograph: Page, J. L. W.. 1895. An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities, with some account of its borders, with some account of its borders. An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities. Unknown.
  • Report - Survey: Hughes, M. R.. 1991. Botanical Survey of Devon Properties: Merrivale Stone Rows. Eclogue Environmental Consultancy. A4 Stapled.
  • Report - Scientific: Straker, V.. 1996. Assessment of potential for pollen analsis of peat sampled between the stone rows at Merrivale, Dartmoor. A4 Unbound.
  • Report - Assessment: Wells, D.. 1998. Wildlife Statement for Merrivale Prehistoric Settlement. English Heritage. A4 Single Sheet.
  • Report - Scientific: Marshall, P.. 1999. Radiocarbon Dating at Merrivale. English Heritage Ancient Monuments Laboratory. A4 Stapled.

Associated Monuments

MDV14796Parent of: Cairn with cist in middle of stone row, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV5000Related to: Cairn associated with stone row, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV103582Related to: Cairn west of the Merrivale double stone rows (Monument)
MDV103583Related to: Cairn west of the Merrivale double stone rows (Monument)
MDV3738Related to: Cist and Cairn south of Stone Alignment, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV80530Related to: Merrivale Leat (Monument)
MDV14797Related to: Merrivale Stone Row A, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV29078Related to: Possible cairn associated with stone row, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV3757Related to: Probable ring cairn, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV4997Related to: Remains of a ring cairn, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV5001Related to: Short stone row, Merrivale (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4826 - Site visit to Merrivale Stone Row
  • EDV4828 - Monument Protection Programme visit to Merrivale
  • EDV4829 - Visit to survey Merrivale stone rows
  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale
  • EDV4831 - Repairs to leat, Merrivale
  • EDV4832 - Site visit to Merrivale
  • EDV4833 - Restoration to leat and erosion repairs, Merrivale
  • EDV4836 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4837 - Repairs to leat, Merrivale
  • EDV4838 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4839 - Repairs to leat, Merrivale
  • EDV4841 - Repairs to leat, Merrivale
  • EDV4842 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4843 - Repair work at Merrivale
  • EDV4844 - Repair work at Merrivale
  • EDV4845 - Survey of the stone rows, Merrivale
  • EDV4846 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4848 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4849 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4852 - Survey visit to record flora, Merrivale
  • EDV4854 - Peat analysis at Merrivale
  • EDV4855 - Soil chemistry survey at Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Jul 28 2017 3:16PM