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HER Number:MDV14887
Name:Cairn at southern end of stone row at Fernworthy

Summary

Cairn forming part of the cermonial complex at Froggymeade. Sitated at the southern end of the eastern stone row to the south of Fernworthy stone circle. It was excavated in 1898 but had previously been disturbed. Only one small flint flake was found.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 654 840
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 144130
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/158/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 593C
  • Old SAM Ref: 28672
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX68SE59

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Baring Gould, S., 1898, Fifth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 107, 110 (Article in Serial). SDV337066.

Disturbed at some time. Pit dug in the culm which contained nothing but soil. Much pillaged. Tiny flint chip found. No. 4 on plan.


Burnard, R., 1906, Early Man, 357-8 (Article in Serial). SDV322231.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 304, Pl. 38 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952, SX68SE59 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV244440.


Spooner, G. M. + Birkett Dixon, E., 1955, Note on the Antiquities situated in the Forestry Commission ground at Fernworthy and Bellever. Appendix 1 (Report - non-specific). SDV351955.


Worth, R. H., 1971, Worth's Dartmoor, 222 (Monograph). SDV337619.


Turner, J. R., 1976, Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Field Report (Report - non-specific). SDV351823.

Fernworthy Plantation, Forggymeade 4D. Cairn at southern end of double stone row (5D). Very low, 9.1 metre diameter. Excavated. Flint flake found. Has been planted over.
February 1976. Froggmeade sites 1D-9D have been cleared as one open space. Present clearance adequate.
Included in 1955 Spooner and Dixon report (B) Region north of the South Teign (Froggymeade, Toms Hill and Hemstone), Site No. 4.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 145 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 15th April 1973. Site of cairn in plantation clearing shown by a circular patch of moss. Diameter 10 metres and 0.3 metres high. Excavated in the 19th century but only yielded a flint chip.


Turner, J., 1978, Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976 (Report - non-specific). SDV351816.

No work has been carried out on the Froggymead group of sites since February 1976. The clearance zone should be marked out with posts as one open space negating the need for posts inside.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 RAF aerial photos due to tree cover.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 162-5, Fig. 35.7 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 144130 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 28th April 1997. Cairn at SX65488405 forming part of ritual complex. Diameter 10 metres, height 0.5 metres. Disturbed by forestry. Covered in small tree stumps.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1996, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996 (Un-published). SDV351820.

Fernworthy, Froggymeade Group 4D. Site visit 27th September 1996. Cairn at the southern end of a double stone row (5D), adjacent to trackway. Marked by a single post (7 posts lying on the ground next to it).


English Heritage, 2005, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Siote recorded.


Fugro-BKS, 2013, Fernworthy Forest LiDAR survey (Cartographic). SDV351778.

Cairn visible. Map object based on this source.


Newman, P., 2013, Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey (Un-published). SDV351708.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Cairn (Site of) marked.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

Stone circle, known as Fernworthy Circle, three stone alignments and five cairns 425m and 525m north west of Sandeman Bridge. Together the stone alignments, stone circle and cairns 425m and 525m north west of Sandeman Bridge represent one of the most complete prehistoric ritual complexes on Dartmoor, with excavation at the stone circle providing evidence for its use. Despite afforestation the monument survives well and will contain further archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. See List for details.


Newman , P., 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon, 16, Fig. 11 (Report - Survey). SDV351784.

Froggymead Barrow C. The five barrows at Froggymead are all in poor condition. Barrows A-D were excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1898 and still bear the scars although A, B and C had previously been opened and their disturbed and spread appearance may be due to the works of these earlier barrow diggers. The southernmost of the barrows (C) is currently spread to about 11m diameter. Although originally circular, most of the southern half has been effaced and the centre section dug into, leaving a crescent shaped earthwork of 0.45m high. There is no evidence of there ever having been a kerb, nor has any past writer mentioned the presence of one.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 162-5, Fig. 35.7.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952. SX68SE59. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 304, Pl. 38.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 144130.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 145.
  • Un-published: Newman, P.. 2013. Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey. Digital.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1898. Fifth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 107, 110.
  • Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1906. Early Man. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. A4 Hardback. 357-8.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1971. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 222.
  • Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Fugro-BKS. 2013. Fernworthy Forest LiDAR survey. Digital.
  • Report - non-specific: Spooner, G. M. + Birkett Dixon, E.. 1955. Note on the Antiquities situated in the Forestry Commission ground at Fernworthy and Bellever. Appendix 1. Dartmoor Preservation Association. Digital.
  • Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Digital + A4. 16, Fig. 11.
  • Report - non-specific: Turner, J. R.. 1976. Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Field Report. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. A4 Comb Bound.
  • Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
  • Report - non-specific: Turner, J.. 1978. Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976. A4 Stapled.

Associated Monuments

MDV6563Related to: Cairn north of the northern stone row at Fernworthy (Monument)
MDV14885Related to: Cairn south of the stone circle at Fernworthy (Monument)
MDV6556Related to: Eastern Stone row to south of Fernworthy Stone Circle (Monument)
MDV6534Related to: Fernworthy or Froggymead Stone Circle (Monument)
MDV14886Related to: Western Stone Row to south of Fernworthy Stone Circle (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6216 - Condition Surveys of Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land
  • EDV6203 - Archaeological Survey of Fernworthy Forest
  • EDV6557 - Microchip project - vulnerable roadside objects

Date Last Edited:Aug 22 2014 4:18PM