HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV15158
Name:Cairn south of stone circle on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead

Summary

Small cairn to the south of the stone circle on Mardon Down. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites. Surveyed in 2017, the dimater of the kerb measures 5.8 metres, with four boulders still in situ on the southern arc, but the cairn material has been spread over time randomly to cover an area measuring 12 by 13 metres.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 767 871
Map Sheet:SX78NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMoretonhampstead
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMORETONHAMPSTEAD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric stone circle and earthworks of three well-preserved Bronze Age cairns, part of a line of monuments along the ridge on Mardon Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 445394
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX78NE/60
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fletcher, M. + Grinsell, L. V. + Quinnell, N. V., 1974, A Stone Circle on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead, 164, Fig. 2 (Article in Serial). SDV305598.

Site of two stone circles discovered in 1752 by Dr. J. Milles (other is PRN8289). In a letter to the Reverend W. C. Borlase he refers to a smaller circle not above eight paces in diameter of which four large stones remained, with a further one recumbent nearby situated about 20 yards south of the larger stone circle. The site was rediscovered in 1972 and planned in 1974. Rather than a small stone circle, this is thought to be the retaining kerb of a sepulchral cairn.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 158 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 16th April 1974. Moretonhampstead 5. Oval cairn, with retaining ring of which seven stones remain. Cairn measures 8.6 metres west – east and 6.2 north – south and is 0.6 metres high.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force or National Monuments Record aerial photographs.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 74 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

E9. Platform circle consisting of a ring of kerb stones, measuring 7.0 metres in internal diameter, enclosing a flat-topped cairn 0.3 metres high, with boulder incorporated into perimeter.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.


Newman , P., 2017, A Stone Circle and Cairn Group on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead, Devon, 7, Fig 4, 14 (Report - Survey). SDV360188.

Cairn at SX 76756 87165
This disturbed cairn with kerb circle is 8 metres south of the stone circle and is the smaller circle described by Milles in 1752 (Fletcher et al. 1974). Four boulders on the southern arc of the kerb are still in situ, which matches Milles’ description, and the displaced flat stone he mentions is also still present to the south. The diameter of the kerb was 5.8 metres. Two fallen stones and one earthfast and buried, survive on the northern arc. The remainder are absent.
In its original form, the fabric of the cairn was probably contained within the kerb, but subsequent interventions have spread this material randomly to cover an area over 13 metres by 12 metres. However, much of the stony fabric remains within the circle, though turf covered, and a possible shallow excavation trench, 3 metres long by 1.6 metres wide in the central area, is also visible.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX78NE19 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV305597.

Site visit 22nd December 1981. A cairn 9.8 metres in diameter, 0.6 metres high. The top is disturbed but covered with vegetation. Kerb stones are large boulders which protrude the cairn to a height of 1.3 metres.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 74.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 158.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX78NE19. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Fletcher, M. + Grinsell, L. V. + Quinnell, N. V.. 1974. A Stone Circle on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 32. Unknown. 164, Fig. 2.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2017. A Stone Circle and Cairn Group on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead, Devon. Southwest Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 7, Fig 4, 14.

Associated Monuments

MDV105916Part of: Cairn Cemetery on Mardon Down (Monument)
MDV119184Related to: Bank on Mardon Down (Monument)
MDV8290Related to: Finds from Cairn on Mardon Down, Moretonhampstead (Find Spot)
MDV8289Related to: Mardon Down Stone Circle, Moretonhampstead (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7270 - Survey of cairn cemetery, stone circle and other earthworks on Mardon Down

Date Last Edited:May 23 2017 10:05AM