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HER Number:MDV2219
Name:Parallel reave system on Wigford Down

Summary

Extensive area of prehistoric fields in parallel reave system terminating at the Eylesbarrow Reave near the River Plym. This site includes later medieval fields and farmsteads which have disturbed the Bronze Age system. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 544 649
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439561
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/26
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX56NW34 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346695.

Traces of rectilinear fields visible on aerial photograph.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX56SW22 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346694.

A parallel reave system runs north-west to south-east over much of Wigford Down. In some cases reaves appear to post date barrows here. Other details: Plan.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX56SW23 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV244692.

A cropmark of a field boundary is visible at SX545644. It is integral with other banks associated with Bronze Age hut circles, and may well be of the same age.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, 3237-3240, 4237-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV340833.


Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1952, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 68-73 (Article in Serial). SDV337080.


Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V., 1968, Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor, 277, 291 (Article in Serial). SDV345858.

(Centred SX543648) Parallel reaves (lines of small erect stones), running in a general north-west-south east direction, cover much of Wigford Down. Elsewhere they have been laid out in a precise and uncompromising way strongly suggesting some planned and surveyed land division rather than field boundaries but those here are of a lesser geometrical arrangement. They in no way accommodate themselves to the physical features of the ground they cover. In some cases the reaves have been adapted and used by Medieval cultivators, but basically they must be pre-10th century in date. In a few cases prehistoric burial mounds appear to have been used as markers, so the reaves, post-date such burials, though as the mounds were not disturbed in any way the time that elapsed need not have been great. Other details: Plan.


West Air Photography, 1975, BT1714 (Aerial Photograph). SDV244690.

Extensive rectlinear field system and irregular enclosures on Wigford Down, visible on aerial photograph.


Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.


Fleming, A., 1978, The Dartmoor Reaves, 49 (Article in Monograph). SDV244362.

The Wigford Down parallel reave system, which is a small system on the west bank of the River Plym, which terminates at the Eylesbarrow Reave. Other details: Second Edition page reference (2008).


Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 97-123 (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

Part of the Dartmoor parallel reave system.


National Trust, 1984, Goodameavy, Devon, 10 (Report - Survey). SDV337035.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

A parallel reave system is visible and recorded (from the Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photographs) on a north-west to south-east alignment, containing a number of rectilinear fields, some of which have ridge and furrow within them.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 78-9, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

The Wigford Down Bronze Age field system is confined to the west of a boundary reave that runs south towards the River Plym (PRN 48901) and consists of an extensive area of rectilinear fields, interspersed with hut circles and enclosures. The ancient field pattern has been disturbed by medieval banks and ditches cutting across the site, probably associated with two longhouses (MDV15009, MDV15010). Some Bronze Age field walls have been cleared within these later enclosures, but many of the hut circles survive in good condition and there are at least 27 scattered over the hillside, most quite large, with entrances (where they remain) facing south-east.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Field system most clearly visible on this version of the aerial photography, although it can be seen on later versions (e.g.: 2010), although remains are less clear. Butler's depiction appears pretty accurate. Map object based on this source.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 78-9, Map 48.1.
  • Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
  • Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 97-123.
  • Article in Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Dartmoor Reaves. Early Land Allotment in the British Isles. Unknown. 49.
  • Aerial Photograph: West Air Photography. 1975. BT1714. West Air Photography. Unknown.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX56SW23. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: National Trust. 1984. Goodameavy, Devon. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 10.
  • Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1952. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Unknown. 68-73.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3237-3240, 4237-8.
  • Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
  • Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
  • Article in Serial: Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V.. 1968. Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Hardback. 277, 291.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX56SW22. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX56NW34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments

MDV28077Parent of: Circular enclosure in field system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV12896Parent of: Enclosure with huts circles on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV12704Parent of: Hut circle in corner of field on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119825Parent of: Hut circle in field on north side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119824Parent of: Hut circle in field on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2397Parent of: Hut circle in field system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119826Parent of: Hut circle in fields on northern side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119827Parent of: Hut circle in fields on northern side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2375Parent of: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV40209Parent of: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV5617Parent of: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV12705Parent of: Hut circle on the north-east side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2340Parent of: Hut circle on the north-east side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV12897Parent of: Hut circle on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2306Parent of: Hut circle on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2305Parent of: Hut circle on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV3495Parent of: Hut circle on Wigford Down, south of Durrance (Monument)
MDV50658Parent of: Hut circle on Wigford Down, south of Durrance (Monument)
MDV12706Parent of: Hut in field on north-east side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2307Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle Settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV28269Parent of: Ridge and furrow on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV48903Parent of: Ring cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV2373Related to: Cairn with Cist on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV103631Related to: Cairnfield on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119021Related to: Clearance Cairn on in south-west corner of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119020Related to: Clearance Cairn on west side of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119022Related to: Clearance Cairns in western half of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV19422Related to: CORN DITCH in the Parish of Meavy (Monument)
MDV2311Related to: Damaged cairn on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV48901Related to: Eylesbarrow Watershed Reave (Monument)
MDV119024Related to: Farm Building in a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119026Related to: Former Field Boundaries at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119023Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119042Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119044Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119047Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV40206Related to: Fragmentary enclosure on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2336Related to: Greenwell Girt socket stone (Monument)
MDV119043Related to: Holloway to fields at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119818Related to: Hut circle in field system on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119819Related to: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119820Related to: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119821Related to: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119822Related to: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119823Related to: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV40210Related to: Hut Circle next to Cornditch at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2301Related to: Hut circle north-east of Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2300Related to: Hut circle on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV40207Related to: Hut circle on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119828Related to: Hut circles on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2367Related to: Kerbed ring cairn on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2312Related to: Large damaged summit cairn on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV28271Related to: Leats on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119025Related to: Linear Feature in a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119027Related to: Linear Feature on the north-east side of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV40211Related to: Medieval field system on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119029Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure and Bank at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2368Related to: Ring cairn on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2310Related to: Round cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV2313Related to: Small cairn on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV48904Related to: Small cairn on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV28270Related to: Streamworks to north of Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119045Related to: Two Clearance Cairns at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV12702Related to: Unlikely barrow on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV15010Related to: Wigford Down deserted medieval farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV15009Related to: Wigford Down medieval site, Meavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7251 - Lower Cadworthy Farm: Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey

Date Last Edited:Sep 15 2017 2:06PM