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HER Number:MDV2300
Name:Hut circle on Wigford Down

Summary

Hut circle in the centre of Wigford Down, in an area of later medieval field enclosures. Previously described as a kerbed cairn or cairn circle, and the scheduled description describes it as a cairn, whilst the title calls it a hut circle. The location of the feature suggests it is more likely to be a hut, rather than funerary site, as the others in this area are clustered to the east, mostly near the summit of the Down.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 541 652
Map Sheet:SX56NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NW/3
  • Old SAM County Ref: 564
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1932, 51st Report of the Barrow Committee, 117-8 (Article in Serial). SDV251255.

There is a retaining circle on the north-western slope of Wigford Down. It lies a little to the north of a track which leads from the salient point of the enclosure wall between Urgles and Higher Belliver to the highroad near Durance. The circle is about 1540 feet east from the salient point of the enclosure. The southern circumference of the circle has been robbed and the stones of the cairn have been removed. The stones of the circle are small, only one exceeding 1.22 metres. Plan of circle given. Two hundred yards away, lies a pound with two fine hut circles associated.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, 3239-40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV340833.


Worth, R. H., 1948, 53rd report of scientific memoranda: stone supplement, Braunton (Article in Serial). SDV81893.

This is a hut circle (National Monuments Record, citing Worth, 1948).


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1952, SX56NW16 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV251254.

(26/06/1950) Stone circle (citing Breton, H.)
(10/12/1948) Cairn Circle - this is the one noted and sketched by Breton, sited incorrectly at SX5423 6532 (citing Worth, R. H., TDA, Vol 64, page 118).
(12/06/1952) Visited and surveyed by Ordnance Survey.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 157 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

27/7/1972 Retaining circle of cairn robbed from south, if not ruined hut circle. Diameter 8 metres, height 0.6 metres.


Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs and recorded on map overlay.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 78, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Hut circle shown on Butler's map, within area of later medieval field system. North-west of settlement C.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Visible on the aerial photography.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Marked on the modern mapping as a 'Cairn Circle'. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

This monument includes a kerbed cairn situated on the northern side of Wigford Down on a west facing slope within a coaxial field system. The kerbed cairn survives as a ring of single stones with a diameter of up to 9m and stands up to 0.5m high. The central cairn has been subject to early excavation or robbing.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 78, Map 48.1.
  • Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1952. SX56NW16. Oakford Archaeology. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932. 51st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. Unknown. 117-8.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 157.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3239-40.
  • Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1948. 53rd report of scientific memoranda: stone supplement, Braunton. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 80.

Associated Monuments

MDV40211Related to: Medieval field system on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2219Related to: Parallel reave system on Wigford Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 12 2017 1:03PM