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HER Number:MDV2307
Name:Prehistoric Hut Circle Settlement on Wigford Down

Summary

Prehistoric hut circle settlement on Wigford Down consisting of two hut circles within an irregular shaped enclosure

Location

Grid Reference:SX 543 651
Map Sheet:SX56NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NW/8
  • Old SAM County Ref: 563
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, 106G/UK/1190, 3239-40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV170515.

Photograph taken on 27th February 1946.


Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4292-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 102 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.


Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

An enclosure is visible, incorporated into a field system containing ridge and furrow. One hut circle is built into the enclosure wall, the other is attached to it by a short length of reave. The enclosure is apparently agglomerated, and is of two elements.


Department of Environment, 1987, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV251373.

Letter dated 8th January 1987. Scheduled Monument Consent refused for tree planting.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 78-80, Map 48, Figure 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Settlement visible on aerial photography. Map object based on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Part of this site is shown on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, 1002550 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

The monument includes a stone hut circle settlement with associated enclosures and a Medieval long house which fall within a coaxial field system in the centre of Wigford Down. The stone hut circle settlement survives as two circular buildings which are linked by a double walled drove way and enclosed by a series of small irregular shaped fields of varying shape and size which all fall within a coaxial field system . The stone hut circles are defined by rubble or double faced orthostatic walls measuring up to 1.5 metres wide and 1 metre high which enclose circular areas with internal diameters of up to 9.5 metres. A stone in the wall of one building bears a carefully incised inscription reading ‘JTCP’.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, SX56NW15 (Website). SDV359354.

Homestead. Two hut circles with yards connected by a double wall drove way and surrounded by rectangular fields.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 78-80, Map 48, Figure 48.1.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4292-3.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. 106G/UK/1190. Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3239-40.
  • Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 102.
  • Correspondence: Department of Environment. 1987. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1002550.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. SX56NW15.

Associated Monuments

MDV119822Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119823Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2219Part of: Parallel reave system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV12897Related to: Hut circle on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV15010Related to: Wigford Down deserted medieval farm, Meavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 11 2017 4:10PM