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HER Number:MDV2367
Name:Kerbed ring cairn on Wigford Down

Summary

The kerbed cairn survives as an oval mound measuring up to 10 metres long by 5 metres wide. The cairn has an interior kerb with a 6.3 metre diameter composed of at least five massive stones up to 2.4 metres long and 0.9 metres high, four of which are still standing and the fifth is fallen.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 547 649
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/3
  • Old SAM County Ref: 434

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1943, 66th Report on Barrows, 54-55, plate 10 (Article in Serial). SDV16898.

On or near the summit of Wigford Down, there are five cairns or remains of cairns. Four are shown on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch map series.
Cairn D; almost touching C on south-east side is the retaining circle of another cairn. The mound is only represented by stony ground. Several stones are missing. Very large stones are left, the largest 1.5 metres in length, standing 1.0 metres above present ground level. Within the circle lies a flat stone, 1.5 metres in length. This stone may have covered an interment, but probably a stone displaced from the circle. Ordnance Survey marks it as a kistvaen. No evidence of a kist. The stones of the circle lean slightly inwards.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, 3238-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV340833.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SW6 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV250206.

Originally identified as hut circles and marked on the mapping as such. Correctly identified in 1948 by Worth.
One of two cairn circles, both in a raised platform. The stones are mostly slabs laid lengthways. Ring of large stones. Cist cover in centre. Diameter 7.62 metres. No sign of a mound.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 102 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.


Ancient Monuments, 1959, Ancient Monuments detail (Report - Survey). SDV250201.

One of two hut circles west of Wigford Down China Clay Works. Diameter 8.23 metres, internally built of large stones 0.6 - 0.9 metres high.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 157 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1004.
27/7/1972 Possible retaining circle of robbed cairn. Diameter 9.0 metres, height 0.3 metres.


Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.


National Trust, 1984, Goodameavy, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV337035.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on the 1946 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 38, 64, 70, B9 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Embanked stone circle; an annular bank of earth and/or stones with inner edge of orthostats. Very large stones in circle, only four standing, one 2.5 metres wide and 1.0 metres high. Ring internal diameter 7.2 metres with bank 1 metres wide and 0.4 metres high.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 80, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler's cairn 5, Mound measures 10.0 metres by 0.5 metres. Cairn is remarkable for the size of stones in the kerb retaining circle; up to 2.4 metres in length. Four remain in place and a fifth lies almost flat on top of the mound. Breton records that 26 cartloads of stone were removed from this cairn 'some years' before 1931, but this appears to be an error. Interior is flattened with much of the upcast piled outside the circle to the north.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument includes a ring cairn and a kerbed round cairn situated within the Wigford Down coaxial field system overlooking the Plym and Meavy Valleys.
The ring cairn is the northern of the two and survives as a circular bank measuring up to 3.5m wide and 0.75m high which surrounds a flat interior up to 17.5m in diameter. There is evidence for partial early excavation or robbing on the south west side.
The kerbed cairn survives as an oval mound measuring up to 10m long by 5m wide. The cairn has an interior kerb with a 6.3m diameter composed of at least 5 massive stones up to 2.4m long and 0.9m high, four of which are still standing and the fifth is fallen.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 80, Map 48.1.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. 66th Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. Hardback Volume. 54-55, plate 10.
  • Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 38, 64, 70, B9.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 102.
  • Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments. 1959. Ancient Monuments detail. Unknown.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SW6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 157.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: National Trust. 1984. Goodameavy, Devon. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3238-9.
  • Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2219Related to: Field system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2368Related to: Ring cairn on Wigford Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 8 2017 3:33PM