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HER Number:MDV2373
Name:Cairn with Cist on Wigford Down, Meavy

Summary

Cairn with a cist originally covered by a barrow and enclosed by a stone circle. The cover stone still rests on one of the sides. Later prehistoric field boundaries overlie the cairn and partly incorporate it.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 544 644
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/6
  • Old SAM County Ref: 565
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CAIRN (LANEBA to VII - 2300 BC to 700 AD (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1888, The Moorland Plym, 289-310 (Article in Serial). SDV251956.


Worth, R. H., 1890, 12th Report of the Barrow Committee, 50 (Article in Serial). SDV346007.


Worth, R. H., 1900, 19th Report of the Barrow Committee, 48, Plates 1-2 (Article in Serial). SDV231259.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 136 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.


Fox, A., 1951, Eighteenth Report on the Archaeology and Early History of Devon, 168 (Article in Serial). SDV15558.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 27th July 1972. Cairn with retaining circle. Diameter 7.3 metres, height 1 metre.


Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photographs.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 46,74 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform circle. Ring of orthostats 7 metres internal diameter encloses flat-topped cairn 0.8 metres high with central cist.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 78-80, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Wigford Down. Butler's cairn 1. This outlier contains a cist and lies at the corner of the fields on the south of the Down. The ring of slabs around the cairn must have made its burial function obvious, yet the later prehistoric field walls override the structure with indifference, meeting near the centre and incorporating the north-west quadrant. The larger stones, visible around one third of the circumference, still retain much of the mound in place, not apparently dug outside the central cist. All four sides of the latter are present but almost hidden under the overhanging vegetation, and the displaced capstone lies alongside. It had already been cleared out before Worth's excavation in 1900, but he was still able to recover two fragments of an urn.


Berry, N., 2005, Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy, 2, Site Summary (Report - Survey). SDV360144.

Remains of a Bronze Age cist with the original stones of a barrow removed. Later used as a clerance cairn


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

'Cist' shown on modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, 1002552 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

This monument includes a kerbed cairn with cist situated within a coaxial field system on the south eastern side of Wigford Down, overlooking the Plym Valley. The kerbed cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 8.23m in diameter and 0.8m high. A retaining kerb is visible to the south as a 0.6m high arc of large stones with an internal diameter of approximately 7m. This disappears to the north as the cairn is overlain by an intersection of two prehistoric field boundaries. The central cist is also visible, as a stone lined rectangular feature partly obscured by the displaced coverstone. It measures up to 1.1m long by 0.8m wide and 0.7m deep. The cairn had been subject to an earlier excavation but was re-examined by Worth in 1900 and two fragments of late Bronze Age pottery were recovered.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape, 439547, Sx56SW10 (Website). SDV359964.

A cist, within massive circle of stones, 20 feet in diameter, once surrounding a barrow, lies on the southern slope of Wigford Down, outside the inclosure of Cadworthy Farm. It is well constructed and has been opened previously, the cover-stone still partially overhangs the cist. Two pottery fragments, evidently part of an urn were found. The cairn was superimposed by the field or paddock wall of the nearby hut circle.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 78-80, Map 48.1.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1951. Eighteenth Report on the Archaeology and Early History of Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 83. A5 Hardback. 168.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 136.
  • Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 46,74.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1900. 19th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 32. Unknown. 48, Plates 1-2.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1888. The Moorland Plym. Plymouth Institution and Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society. 10. Unknown. 289-310.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1890. 12th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 50.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1002552.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 439547, Sx56SW10.
  • Report - Survey: Berry, N.. 2005. Lower Cadworthy Farm, Meavy. National Trust Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 2, Site Summary.

Associated Monuments

MDV119021Related to: Clearance Cairn on in south-west corner of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119020Related to: Clearance Cairn on west side of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119022Related to: Clearance Cairns in western half of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119024Related to: Farm Building in a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119026Related to: Former Field Boundaries at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119023Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119042Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119044Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119047Related to: Former Field Boundary at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119043Related to: Holloway to fields at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119818Related to: Hut circle in field system on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV40210Related to: Hut Circle next to Cornditch at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119025Related to: Linear Feature in a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119027Related to: Linear Feature on the north-east side of a Field at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2219Related to: Parallel reave system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV119029Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure and Bank at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119045Related to: Two Clearance Cairns at Cadworthy Farm, Meavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7251 - Lower Cadworthy Farm: Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey

Date Last Edited:Sep 11 2017 2:55PM