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HER Number:MDV2375
Name:Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down

Summary

Located in field system at the south side of the Down; one of a scattered group of five huts.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 541 645
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/7
  • Old SAM County Ref: 562
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, 3238-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV340833.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX56SW3 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV251931.

Hut circles rectangular fields containing more small cairns or stone heaps.


Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1952, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 68, 73 (Article in Serial). SDV337080.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 102 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.


Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.


National Monuments Record, 1979, SF1520, 112-115 (Aerial Photograph). SDV149521.


Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 6th June 1984.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Hut circle visible on aerial photograph at SX54136455 is attached to the western edge of a circular enclosure slightly larger than itself. The enclosure is at the apex of funnel of walls, forming a shape reminiscent of an old fashioned bicycle horn. Two small hut circles occur at the mouth of the funnel, SX54166458. One possible hut circle, or enclosed plot attached to exterior of funnel at SX54156456. The small yard mentioned above appears to be one of two enclosures crf:SX56SW/119.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 78, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler depicts this hut; one of a scattered group of five huts in fields in settlement labelled A.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Visible on the aerial photography. Map object based on this source.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

On the west of Wigford Down are four huts in two groups with diameters of 6.4 - 7.6 metres. There are four fields adjoining huts and others remade (citing Fox, A., 1954).
The hut circle at SX54136455 is contemporary with at least four fields defined by low curvilinear banks, one of which curves around the south-east side of the hut circle. Circle at SX54156452 has a later bank built across its north side. This turns south west in the inturned entrance of a small yard, with other possible hut circles adjacent (citing Ordnance Survey?, 1946).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 78, Map 48.1.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. SF1520. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 112-115.
  • Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 102.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX56SW3. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1952. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Unknown. 68, 73.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3238-9.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV2219Part of: Parallel reave system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV28077Related to: Circular enclosure in field system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV5617Related to: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV40209Related to: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 15 2017 3:01PM