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HER Number:MDV2434
Name:Stone row north-west of Saddlesborough

Summary

Stone alignment with a terminal cairn which has an encircling kerb situated on Shaugh Moor overlooking the Plym Valley. The single stone alignment consists of mainly small stones measuring up to a maximum 0.45 metres high, although the average height is 0.14 metres and these are spaced up to 1.5 metres apart. Some stones are fallen whilst others are buried by the accumulation of peat. The alignment is 179 metres long. At the south is a terminal cairn which survives as a partial kerb forming a ring which measures approximately 18 metres in diameter and includes six low orthostats. The central cairn is very low and measures 3.5 metres in diameter, a further small low cairn survives to the north-west of similar size and surrounds a stone on the kerb.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 634
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 45
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/24
  • Old SAM County Ref: 429
  • Pastscape: 439236
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1918, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 10, 403 (Article in Serial). SDV138546.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 291 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

A single stone row, 180 metres in lenght. The spacing of the stones varies between 0.9 metres and 1.5 metres centre to centre. At the south-western end there is a retaining circle 15 metres in diameter.
There is a hut circle 3 metres south of the retaining circle.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 208 (Monograph). SDV231148.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165, Shaugh Prior 41 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(8/6/1976) Three stones of the retaining circle from which stone row Worth's No.13 descends to the north-east.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 254-5 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

Egg-shaped stone setting associated with the row is not aligned on the same axis as the row.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on the aerial photographs and recorded in project.


Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 45 (Monograph). SDV229071.

Sited on moorward side of terminal reave MDV2573, a not uncommon position.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 48 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler depicts this row.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Modern mapping shows the alignment and corresponds to the scheduled area.


English Heritage, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 12/08/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

The monument includes a stone alignment with a terminal cairn which has an encircling kerb situated on Shaugh Moor overlooking the Plym Valley. The single stone alignment consists of mainly small stones measuring up to a maximum 0.45m high, although the average height is 0.14m and these are spaced up to 1.5m apart. Some stones are fallen whilst others are buried by the accumulation of peat. The alignment is 179m long. At the south is a terminal cairn which survives as a partial kerb forming a ring which measures approximately 18m in diameter and includes six low orthostats. The central cairn is very low and measures 3.5m in diameter, a further small low cairn survives to the north west of similar size and surrounds a stone on the kerb.
Despite the loss of some stones as a result of robbing and the accumulation of peat deposits obscuring others from view, and significant robbing or early excavation of the terminal cairn mound, the stone alignment with a terminal cairn on Shaugh Moor, 820m north east of Huxton Farm, survives comparatively well. Other structures in the vicinity have been more badly damaged by road building, stone quarrying and general disturbance, the alignment by contrast, is largely complete and being surrounded in peat it will undoubtedly contain important environmental evidence relating to its surrounding landscape context as well as archaeological information concerning its construction, use, development and longevity. It has long had an important history as a land mark and in particular was respected by the later builders of the nearby coaxial field system.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 12/08/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

The stones of the row are now very small and sunk into the peat, making them hard to find (Fox, A. cited by the Ordnance Survey 1951).
A stone row 164 metres long alinged south-west by north-east over the brow and down the south side of the valley. The terminals are not intervisible. It is composed of small stones, normally between 35 and 10 centimetres high, the tallest (65 centimetress) being at the apparent northern terminal. Where the stones have been removed their original positions can be identified from depressions in the turf.
There is an egg-shaped ring of stone uprights, at the southern end of the row. Dimensions are 13.9 metres by 12.4 metres; it is represented by nine stones or their sockets, with a single, off-set central socket. The stones are very small; the ring surrounded a low mound now barely discernible, which has since largely eroded.(4)
The stone row is as described above, and extends from SX 55506358 to SX 55436344 and from the north-east and lower end, at an angle of Grid N. 209o. The ring of stones, excluding the terminal stone of the row, appears to have diameters of approximately 10 metres by 13 metres rather than those quoted above. The recorded off-set central socket could not be identified; the low mound 5.0 metres in diameter and 0.05 metres high, is also off-set.
For details see ground photographs and 1:500 plan.
(As in all rows with small stones there may be slight differences of opinion in the number of stones, particularly where other apparently natural stones are concerned.
Surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD. and 1:500 (citing Quinnell, N. V., Ordnance Survey, 04/09/1980)
The remains of the stone row and the stone circle at its southern end are an impressive survival. A 1:200 scale survey undertaken by the RCHME in 1998 revealed that there has been relatively little change to the state of this monument since the 1:500 scale survey carried out in 1980.
As Quinnell then stated the number of stones and socket holes which comprise the row are subject to the interpretation of the surveyor as some semi-buried, slightly off-line or fallen stones could be part of the monument or alternatively natural features. A count of the stones strictly on-line in 1998 revealed 68 upright and semi-buried stones and 11 probable sockets. At the time of the survey the moor was wet so the peat had expanded probably covering some features. The principle differences between the number of stones depicted in 1980 and those shown in 1998 occurred at the points where two broad paths cut across the row, one at the northern end and the second towards the southern end. This suggests on-going slight damage to the monument. The row measures a maximum 172.8 metres from the north terminal stone to the southern fringe of the circle.
Only an arc of four clearly identifiable stones survive in the circle; they are a maximum 0.3 metres high and suggest an approximate circle diameter of 15.0 metres. There are a number of buried and semi-buried stones traceable but their relationship to the circle is unclear. The large recumbent slab to the south of the circle has wedge split marks along its length and the upcast around it suggests quarrying activity (citing Fletcher, M. J. and Probert, S. A. J., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England, 02/12/1997).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 48.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1918. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 10. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 50. Unknown. 403.
  • Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 254-5.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 45.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 208.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 291.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165, Shaugh Prior 41.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 12/08/2016.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 12/08/2016.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV49564Related to: Retaining circle at south-western end of Shaugh Moor stone row (Monument)
MDV2573Related to: Saddlesborough Reave, Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 12 2016 2:16PM