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HER Number:MDV2890
Name:Stone row near Spurrell's Cross

Summary

Single stone alignment lying close to Spurrell's Cross running north-west/south-east. At least fourteen stones remain unevenly spaced and aligned and with a maximum height of 0.6 metres. Alignment measures 113 metres and has been truncated by the Red Lake Railway track. There is a cairn at the southern end of the row 11 metres in diameter, 0.4 metres high. Was thought to have been a double row but no evidence to confirm this found in recent times.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 658 599
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 65 NE 16
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/8
  • Old SAM Ref: 10555
  • Pastscape: 441145

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1908, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, Part 8, 282 figure (Article in Serial). SDV345668.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 390 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 288-289 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1974, SX65NE16, Sketch plan included (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150014.

Stone row and cairn (SX65815995 to SX65855984). This row has apparently been double but since only 7 stones still stand and with 6 sunken stones from the fixed points now discernable, it is difficult to ascertain the original spacing. The distance apart of the lines may probably have been about 3 foot 6 inches and the spacing along the lines about 3 feet. The length of the row is 370 feet as measured from the centre of the cairn. The largest standing stone is but 2 feet high. At the southern end of the row is a cairn, 50 feet in diameter with two remaining stones of the retaining circle (citing Worth, 1946)
The description and dimensions of Worth are accurate. Plan included (27/03/1950).
Near Spurrell's Cross, stone row. Runs from a cairn at its southern end to the point at which the track across the moor from Owley to Harford meets the Red Lake rail track, having passed Spurrell's Cross. Fourteen stones now discernible (1974) and no obvious evidence of it having been a double row.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 206 (Monograph). SDV337618.


National Monuments Record, 1980, NMR SF1743, 80 (Aerial Photograph). SDV161746.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on National Monuments Record 1980 aerial photograph.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Stone Row' is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 15/08/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in a single line or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They frequently lead to burial monuments such as small cairns, cists and barrows and are therefore thought to have had a ceremonial function. The 70 or so examples known on Dartmoor were probably constructed in the late Neolithic period (around 2,500 BC). This single alignment lies close to Spurrell's Cross and runs north-west/south-east, at least fourteen stones remain unevenly spaced and aligned and with a maximum height of 0.6m. The length of the alignment, which has been truncated by the Red Lake Railway track, is 113m. The cairn at its southern end is 11m in diameter and 0.4m in height with six stones of a retaining kerb.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1974. SX65NE16. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Sketch plan included.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1980. NMR SF1743. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 80.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 288-289.
  • Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 390.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 206.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1908. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, Part 8. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 40. Unknown. 282 figure.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 15/08/2016.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2891Related to: CAIRN in the Parish of Ugborough (Monument)
MDV5693Related to: Rifle range near Piles Hill, Harford Moor (Monument)
MDV3138Related to: The Redlake China Clay Railway (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 15 2016 9:15AM