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HER Number:MDV3434
Name:Cairn and Cist 190 metres east of Cross Gate, Walkhampton

Summary

A flat-topped round cairn, 5.5 metres diameter and up to 0.7 metres high, containing the remains of a stone cist. The edge of the cairn is defined by a stone kerb, only the southern half of which is now visible.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 563 695
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/130
  • Old SAM County Ref: 837
  • Old SAM Ref: 22396

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Gerrard, S., 07/05/1993, Round Cairn and Cist (Ground Photograph). SDV357420.


Worth, R. H., 1935, Fifty-fourth Report on Barrows, 77-78 (Article in Serial). SDV346265.

Cairn with cist discovered in 1935 about 200 yards east of Cross Gate. Two sides stones and the north-west end stone of the cist remain; the southern end stone is displaced. The barrow in which the cist stands is surrounded by a close-set retaining circle [of stones] 16 feet 6 inches internal diameter.


Copeland, G. W., 1952, 21st Report of the Plymouth and District Branch, 330 (Article in Serial). SDV237178.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Walkhampton 25. Site visit 20th September 1975. Cairn with close-set retaining circle, enclosing cist placed south-south-east to north-north-west. Diameter 5.5 metres, heigh 0.6 metres. Located to the south of Leather Tor.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1979, South West Water Authority Burrator Survey, No. 69 (Report - non-specific). SDV278356.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 16th January 1983.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force verticals.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 74 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

E20. Platform circle. Close set ring of kerb stones, 5 metres internal diameter, enclosing a flat-topped cairn, 0.5 metres high.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 133159 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 7th May 1993. Flat-topped round cairn containing a cist. Cairn mound measures 5.5 metres diameter and stands up to 0.7 metres high. Its southern edge is defined by a kerb of large stones set on edge. The kerb probably survives as a buried features on the northern side of the mound. The centre of the mound has been partially excavated to reveal a cist orientated north-south. The interior of the cist is 1 metre by 0.7 metres by 0.4 metres deep. The southern end stone is missing and the capstone, which measures 1 metre by 0.6 metres has been displaced and now lies a short distance south-west of the cist.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Cairn and Cist marked. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Round cairn 190 metres east of Cross Gate. This monument includes a flat-topped round cairn containing a cist situated on a south-facing slope below Leather Tor overlooking Burrator Reservoir. The cairn mound measures 5.5 metres in diameter, stands up to 0.7 metres high and its southern edge is defined by a kerb of large stones set on edge. This kerb probably survives as a buried feature on the northern side of the mound. The centre of the mouond has been partially excavated to reveal a cist orientated north-south. The interior of this cist measures 1 metre long by 0.7 metres wide and 0.4 metres deep. The southern end stone is missing and the capstone which measures 1 metres by 0.6 metres wide has been displaced and now lies a short distance south-west of the cist.
Despite evidence of partial excavation, the round cairn 190 metre east of Cross Gate survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX56NE/8, Plan, photograph (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV250491.

Site visit 7th September 1950. Cairn circle 5.0 metres diameter, 0.7 metres high. Cist 0.85 by 1.0 metres by 0.35 metres deep.
Site visit 10th November 1970. Cairn and cist west of cross gate. Cairn 7.32 metres in diameter with a rectangular cist visible in the centre. The cist is 1.829 by 1.219 metres but the south side stone and the capstone are missing. Although the primary cist is cleary robbed the remainder of the cain is intact.
Site visit 3rd September 1980. As planned by Worth. Coverstone lying 1.5 metres south-west of the cist, adjacent to displaced end stone.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 74.
  • Article in Serial: Copeland, G. W.. 1952. 21st Report of the Plymouth and District Branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. Unknown. 330.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX56NE/8. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Plan, photograph.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 133159.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 175.
  • Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1979. South West Water Authority Burrator Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. 18. Unknown. No. 69.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Ground Photograph: Gerrard, S.. 07/05/1993. Round Cairn and Cist. Photograph (Paper).
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1935. Fifty-fourth Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 67. A5 Hardback. 77-78.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 18 2015 3:38PM