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HER Number:MDV3497
Name:Western of Three Round Cairns 370m east-north-east of Down Tor, Walkhampton

Summary

Westernmost of a group of three round cairns, comprising a 5 metre diameter mound with a cist in the centre and the possible remains of a kerb on the south-east side. An end and sidestone remain of the cist; the western sidestone is displaced and there is no capstone present.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 583 695
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 133339
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/174
  • Old SAM Ref: 24051
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56NE127
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56NE204

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROUND CAIRN (Constructed, Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1912, 31st Report of the Barrow Committee (Article in Serial). SDV233835.


Birkett Dixon, E., 1958, 73rd Report on Barrows, 230, Figs 42 & 45 (Article in Serial). SDV251324.

Group of kistvaens situated in the valley of the Newleycombe Lake. The two largest are spaced 37 feet 6 inches apart centre to centre; the smallest lies to the north of them, 12 feet from the western and 35 feet from the eastern. No. 107 (Western). Stands in the remains of a barrow and retaining circle some 14 feet diameter and complete apart from the cover stone. The western sidestone is leaning outwards; the eastern is 46 inches long. The average dimensions are: length 35 inches, depth 29 inches, original width between 15 and 21 inches.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 99, 174 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 2nd September 1975. Barrow A. The westernmost barrow. The remains of a cairn with retaining circle. 3.5 metres diameter, 0.3 metres high. The cist aligned slightly east-north-east to west-south-west, and 29 inches deep, had an original width of between 15 and 21 inches, being complete except for the capstone.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on RAF vertical photos.


Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey, No. 438861 (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

Site visit 1st August 2006. A group of three small disturbed round cairns, each containing a cist revealed by partial un-recorded excavation, located within a north facing valley, 350 metres east-north-east of Down Tor. Under threat from gorse encroachment. Condition fair, status stable.
Cist 107. Built into a 4 metre diameter by 0.4 metre high disturbed earth mound which incorporates some in-situ moorstone. The central cist has end and one side slab present and measures (?)0.65 metres by 1 metres by 0.5 metres deep. Western side slab is displaced. No capstone present.


Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area, 10, Figs 12-13, no. 438861 (Report - Survey). SDV351304.

Three cairns containing cists. This unusual cluster of prehistoric sepulchral monuments was threatened by small scale gorse encroachment which has now been removed.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

'Cairns & Cists' marked. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

Three round cairns 370m ENE of Down Tor. This monument includes three small round cairns, each containing a cist revealed by partial excavation, situated within a north facing valley lying between Down Tor and Hingston Hill, overlooking the valley of Newleycombe Lake. The eastern cairn survives as a 4.5m diameter mound standing up to 0.8m high. The edge of the mound is defined by a kerb of large edge set stones. In the centre of the mound is a large cist which measures 1.19m long by up to 0.71m wide and 0.94m deep. The cist is orientated from north to south and is trapezoidal in shape. The western cairn lies 6.25m from the eastern cairn and survives as a 5m diameter mound standing up to 0.6m high. Edge set stones forming the south eastern periphery of this mound indicate the presence of a kerb, which survives largely as a buried feature. In the centre of the mound is a cist which is orientated ENE to WSW and measures 1.1m long by 0.7m wide and 0.5m deep. The third cairn lies immediately to the north and is separated from the western mound by a leat which measures 0.8m wide and 0.2m deep. The cairn survives as an oval mound measuring 3.5m long by 2.3m wide, and contains one of the smallest in situ cists on Dartmoor. The cist measures 0.53m long by 0.3m wide and 0.53m deep, and is orientated south east to north west. The leat separating the western and northern cairns leads from the Newleycombe Lake and carried water to openwork tin mines to the west.
Despite partial early excavation, the three round cairns 370m ENE of Down Tor survive comparatively well and contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected. These cairns lie within an area containing a large number of broadly contemporary ritual, funerary and settlement sites.


Gerrard, S., 24/04/1994, 133339 (Un-published). SDV351390.

Site visit 24th April 1994. Round cairn containing a cist. Cairn lies 6.25 metres from the east cairn and survives as a 5 metre diameter mound standing up to 0.6 metres high. Edge set stones forming the south-east periphery of this mound indicate the presence of a kerb, which survivies largely as a buried feature. In the centre of the mound is a cist which is orientated east-north-east to west-south-west and measures 1.1 metres long by 0.7 metres wide and is 0.5 metres deep.


Greeves, T., May 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey, No. 438861 (Report - Survey). SDV350251.

Site visit 2nd February 2012. Condition and stability good. Gorse has been cleared. Resprouting should be monitored.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX56NE127 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV251327.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX56NE204 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV251325.

Site visit 2nd April 1979. The west cist lies within the remains of a cairn 4.5 metres diameter and 0.5 metres high. The cist consists of two sidestones, 1.1 metres long, and two endstones. It measures 1.0 by 0.7 metres internally and is 0.5 metres deep. Two possible stones of a retaining circle lie to the south-east side.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1912. 31st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 44. Unknown.
  • Article in Serial: Birkett Dixon, E.. 1958. 73rd Report on Barrows. 90. A5 Paperback. 230, Figs 42 & 45.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX56NE204. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX56NE127. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 99, 174.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound. No. 438861.
  • Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. May 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled. No. 438861.
  • Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound. 10, Figs 12-13, no. 438861.
  • Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 24/04/1994. 133339. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3499Related to: Eastern of Three Round Cairns 370m east-north-east of Down Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3498Related to: Northern of Three Round Cairns 370m east-north-east of Down Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Feb 24 2014 3:07PM