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HER Number:MDV3738
Name:Cist and Cairn south of Stone Alignment, Merrivale

Summary

Cist and remains of cairn located to the south of the southern double stone row at Merrivale. Within the guardianship area managed by Dartmoor National Park Authority.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 747
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/13
  • Old SAM County Ref: 333(5)
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 12/01/1996
  • Old SAM Ref: 24193

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CIST (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, SX57SE5 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272159.

Site visit 21st August 1950. Kistvaen measuring 7 feet by 2 feet 9 inches internally. It consisted of a nead and foot stone. One large block on the west side has been split, recently. In the kist were found a flint scraper, a flint flake and a polishing stone. No definite signs of kist during site visit, the whole area being much covered with turf and granite stones.


Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 15/09/2004, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV319872.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning a five year programme of management works including erosion repairs.


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Cromlech (Remains of)' marked with 'Kist Vaen' to the north.


Baring Gould, S., 1895, Second Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 85 (Article in Serial). SDV271711.


Rowe, S., 1896, Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 206 (Monograph). SDV249697.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 115, 112, 117, 129 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Kistvaen marked.


Worth, R. H., 1930, Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 33-34 (Article in Serial). SDV231168.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 448 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 73 (Monograph). SDV149229.


Pettit, P., 1974, Prehistoric Dartmoor, Plate opposite p72 (Monograph). SDV231149.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 173 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 23rd May 1976. Remains of cairn enclosing cist placed south-east to north-west. It was damaged in around 1860 by a man named Harding, who cut two gateposts from the capstone and damaged a wall-slab. The cist was subsequently restored, 'too generously' according to Worth. Finds from excavations are in Plymouth City Museum. Diameter 10.0 metres, height 0.3 metres.


Worth, R. H., 1981, Dartmoor, 174 (Monograph). SDV231173.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force / National Monuments Record photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-1994, Monument Protection Programme, 133487 (Report - Survey). SDV350743.

Cairn and cist forming part of a cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual features including at least three stone alignments, a stone circle, 13 cairns and a standing stone. They lie 8.0 meters south of a stone alignment. The cairn mound measures 10.0 meters in diameter and stands up to 0.3 meters high. The cist survives as a 2.2 meter by 0.9 meter by 0.8 meter deep stone-lined pit aligned south-east to north-west and partly covered by a large granite cover stone which has been split into two parts. In the first part of the 19th century this cist was believed to represent the site of a fallen Cromlech and Baring-Gould's sketch made in 1851 before the site was damaged indicates why Hamilton Smith shows a Cromlech at this location in his reconstruction drawing.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 30 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Cist and associated cairn near to the southerly double stone row at Merrivale undoubtedly exposed and emptied by the time of Bray's visit in 1802. Butler states it was otherwise intact until 1870, when the huge cover slab was split to make a pair of gateposts, which were later reinstated by the Exploration Committee in 1895.


Department of National Heritage, 1995, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV321020.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning repairs to sections of the leat.


Department of National Heritage, 1996, Scheduled Monument Consent Letter (Correspondence). SDV321022.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works concerning leat repairs, erosion repairs to the bases of stones and erosion repairs to the cairn/cist south of the stone rows.


Probert, S. A. J., 2000, The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon, 5 (Report - Survey). SDV344969.

Cairn and cist lying to the south of the southern double stone row. Little remains of the covering cairn but a well-preserved cist measuring 2.0 meters north to south by 0.9 meters wide and 0.8 meters deep remains, which is partially covered by a huge triangular cover stone. This stone was cut some time in the 19th century to provide a pair of gateposts although parts of these stones were returned to their present location in 1895.


Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage, 2004, Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape, 16-17 (Leaflet). SDV320201.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX57SE10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272171.

Site visit 16th November 1950. Large cistvaen with what must have been an immense coverstone. The cist is at present filled with water to the depth of 0.4 metres. The capstone has been split and there are tool marks on the inner edges, part of it is missing. A large piece of granite, now within the cist and covered with water, does not look as though it belonged to any part of the feature, although it is apparent that it has been there a great many years. Condition of cist good. Precise measurements impossible owing to waterlogged conditions.
Site visit 10th January 1980. A massive cist, 2.0 metres by 0.8 metres deep which which, resting at an angle, is a slab 0.9 metres by 0.6 metres by 0.1 metres thick. This may be part of the cist, although the sides and ends seem complete, or a subsequent insertion. The coverstone was 2.8 metres long, 0.2 - 2.0 metres wide and 0.4 metres thick. It has been drill split and a section removed. There are traces of an earth mound on the west side but if a cairn ever existed over the cist it has been entirely removed.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 30.
  • Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 73.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 115, 112, 117, 129.
  • Monograph: Pettit, P.. 1974. Prehistoric Dartmoor. Prehistoric Dartmoor. Plate opposite p72.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1930. Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 62. 33-34.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1981. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. 174.
  • Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 206.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1895. Second Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 27. Digital. 85.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey. SX57SE5.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX57SE10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 173.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 448.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Correspondence: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 15/09/2004. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Granted.
  • Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park + English Heritage. 2004. Merrivale: An Archaeological Landscape. A5 Stapled. 16-17.
  • Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1995. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter.
  • Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1996. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2000. The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon. English Heritage. 1247982. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 5.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-1994. Monument Protection Programme. Monument Protection Programme. Unknown. 133487.

Associated Monuments

MDV14796Related to: Cairn with cist in middle of stone row, Merrivale (Monument)
MDV80530Related to: Merrivale Leat (Monument)
MDV14797Related to: Merrivale Stone Row A (Monument)
MDV14795Related to: Merrivale Stone Row B (Monument)
MDV5001Related to: Short stone row, Merrivale (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5857 - LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale
  • EDV4842 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4846 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale
  • EDV4848 - Erosion repairs at Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Jun 6 2017 3:36PM