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HER Number:MDV3761
Name:Single stone row 350 meters north-west of Sharpitor

Summary

Single stone row north-west of Sharpitor. Adjacent to a double row (MDV3762) which ends in a cist. Alignment includes thirty stones forming an 82.5 metre long row standing between 0.1 metres and 0.4 metres high. The eastern end of this row lies close to the blocking stone.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 557 706
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 118
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/26
  • Old SAM County Ref: 830
  • Old SAM Ref: 22283
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX57SE49
  • Pastscape: 440366

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1894, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3., 302-3 (Article in Serial). SDV234309.

Single stone row, Sharpitor. Two fragmentary stone rows near Princetown road, a double and a single row (the double row is MDV3762).


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 91 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Near the double stone row which ends in a cist is a single row.


Beckerlegge, J. J., 1939, Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch, 181 (Article in Serial). SDV149484.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 296, Row no. 25 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Starting about 2.5 metres from the last stones of MDV3762 is a line of three set stones which, if produced, would cut through the other row. Many surface stones make finding the continuation of the line difficult. Direction of the length north 48 degrees east.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272418.

There is no sign of either of the two additional rows mentioned in the text by Brereton, but there is a vast quantity of stone scattered over this area, none of which appears to conform to any linear feature (26/8/1950).


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57SE118, Surveyed (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272541.

A single row of stones can be traced to the south-west of Worth's three. It extends for 82.5 metres from SX55707061 to SX55777065. There are no identifiable remains on the ground due to many cut hollow ways, a total of thirty stones can be identified. Nine slab and post stones fallen or displaced from the alignment. A further 20 stones are 0.1 metre high or less and the only significant one, a block, 0.4 metres high (28/5/1980).


Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Visited 27/4/1982 and 20/7/1982.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Visited 19/1/1983.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on National Monuments Record or Royal Air Force aerial photographs.


Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Visited 6/3/1986.


Gibson, A. M. Dr., 1988, Sharpitor Stone Row survey details (Worksheet). SDV272419.

The Sharpitor stone row was resurveyed on the 15/06/1988 following an English Heritage Monument Protection Programme (MPP) visit. The survey aimed to clarify the details of the row(s) as recorded in the Sites and Monuments Record (SMR; now known as the Historic Environment Record, or HER) as Worth recorded a single and double row in 1893 but the Ordnance Survey visit in 1950 could only identify one row with certainty (although Gibson appears unaware of the 1980 Ordnance Survey record of both rows; comment by Griffith, F. M. on worksheet).
During the site visit, a continuation of the double row was noted linking the row to the retaining circle and cist to the east of what was considered to be the terminal and the single row mentioned by Worth was identified.
The single row mentioned by Worth is visible to the south of the blocking stone B running from C to D at an angle of 240 degrees from D. Seven standing stones, one fallen and two buried stones are easily identifiable before the row runs into a disturbed area.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Row is 82.5 metres long with 30 stones standing up to 0.4 metres high.


Turton, S. D., 1993, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Dousland to Rundlestone Water Main, 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV249910.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 45.12, page 44-46 (Monograph). SDV137656.

The single row is oriented at an angle across the north-east end of the adjacent double stone row but the remains are very slight. Only about 10 stones can be identified with certainty and half of these are either buried or just showing. How far it continued is uncertain but there is now no sign of a cairn in either direction.
Butler believes that neither stone row was associated with the retaining circle and cist downslope to the east of the rows (MDV3769).


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Stone row' is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 16/08/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This monument includes two roughly parallel stone alignments and a round cairn situated on a gently sloping hillside overlooking the valley of the River Walkham. The round cairn stands at the south-western end of two rows of stones, one row arranged in pairs (a double stone alignment), and the other row comprising single stones.
The single alignment includes thirty stones forming an 82.5m long row standing between 0.1m and 0.4m high. The eastern end of this row lies close to the blocking stone.
Despite evidence for partial excavation of the cairn and limited robbing of the stone alignments, the two stone alignments and round cairn 390m NNW of Sharpitor survive comparatively well and form an important constituent part of a diverse group of monuments including contemporary settlements, field systems, ritual and other funerary sites.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 16/08/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

It is not possible to resolve the problem with certainty but with a very little selectivity a single row of stones can be traced to the south-west of Worth's three.
From its western end at SX 55707061 it extends for 82.5 metres to SX55777065 on a very slight north-east slope, at about 368 metres ordnance datum and in a direction 58 degrees west of true North. Although there are no identifiable remains on the ground, which is much cut up by hollow ways etc., a continuation of a further 64.0 metres would lead towards a cairn and cist (MDV3769), save for a northward bend in the last 10.0 metres.
A total of thirty stones can be identified, of which nine slab and post stones are fallen and/or displaced from the alignment (see plan). A further twenty stones are 0.1 metre high or less and the only prominent one is a block, 0.4 metres high, a possible blocking stone at the southwestern terminal.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on M.S.D. and at 1:2500 and 1:500 for record purposes (citing Quinnell, N. V., Ordnance Survey, 28/5/1980)
A bronze age single stone row oriented north-east by south-west at a very slight angle to the north-east end of the adjacent double stone row. The large scale survey dated 1980 shows a total of thirty stones whilst in 1994 it was reported that only about 10 stones can be identified with certainty and half of these are either buried or just showing. The row is partially obscured by moorland grass and the area is heavily disturbed by grazing animals and walkers tracks. The extent of the row is unclear and there is no ground evidence of an associated cairn or a blocking stone. Heavy wear and tear of the fragile peat cover has caused many natural moorland stones to be exposed on the line of the row.
Surveyed at 1:2500 scale (citing Fletcher, M. J., English Heritage, 2007).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 45.12, page 44-46.
  • Article in Serial: Beckerlegge, J. J.. 1939. Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 181.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1894. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3.. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 302-3.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 296, Row no. 25.
  • Report - Assessment: Turton, S. D.. 1993. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Dousland to Rundlestone Water Main. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 93.06. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
  • Worksheet: Gibson, A. M. Dr.. 1988. Sharpitor Stone Row survey details. Worksheet. Digital.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 91.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 1992.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57SE118. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Surveyed.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 16/08/2016.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 16/08/2016.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3762Related to: Double stone row 350 meters north-west of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV15036Related to: Great Western Reave (southern section), Walkhampton Common (Monument)
MDV3769Related to: Round cairn 380 metres north-north-west of Sharpitor summit, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV14794Related to: Small cairn at south-west end of the double stone row north-west of Sharpitor. (Monument)
MDV4991Related to: Stone row 450 meters north of Sharpitor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 22 2016 2:00PM