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HER Number:MDV3970
Name:Longstone, Burrator Reservoir

Summary

The remains of Longstone Farm on the shores of Burrator Reservoir apparently lie on the site of a manor house. The ruins can be dated to the early-mid 17th century, and two inscribed stones on the farm are dated 1633 and 1637. The farm was flooded in the construction of the reservoir in the late 19th century. A survey in 1999 when the reservoir level was very low found evidence of two buildings and other features associated with the Manor.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 556 684
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 438498
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/2
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MANOR? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD (Between))
  • FARMSTEAD (XVI - 1501 AD to 1600 AD (Between))

Full description

Lysons, D. + Lysons, S., 1822, Magna Britannica (Monograph). SDV323771.


South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

'Longstone' shown on 19th century Tithe Map as large irregular-shaped building with a rectangular shaped building to the south-west and a track to the east.


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Complex of buildings marked as 'Longstone On the Remains of a Manor House'. Map object partly based on this source.


Stephens, F. M., 1898, Longstone Farm, 30/03/1898 (Un-published). SDV257917.

Site visit 30th March 1898. The writer records that she was anxious to see the farm before it was knocked down by the construction of the reservoir. The farm was originally the seat of the Elford family who were Royalists during the Civil War. One of the family hid in Pixies' Cave when pursued by the Roundheads. Longstone was built about 1633. This date and the initials IE AE are inscribed on a stone in the wall of an outbuilding. Also refers to a winnowing alter behind the farm, composed of huge granite blocks, one of which is inscribed "IE AE 1637".


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Longstone on remains of Manor House' shown on early 20th century map in an irregular shaped enclosure. Map object partly based on this source.


Breton, H. H., 1911, Beautiful Dartmoor, 38-39 (Monograph). SDV257910.


Eliot-Drake, 1911, The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake, 133-134 (Monograph). SDV257909.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 240 (Monograph). SDV1312.

'Longstone' was mentioned in 1694.


Breton, H. H., 1932, The Forest of Dartmoor, 2, Plymouth, 46-48 (Monograph). SDV231147.


Worth, R. H., 1934, Proceedings of the Seventy Third Annual Meeting, 15 (Article in Serial). SDV257912.


Worth, R. H., 1934 - 1938, The Dartmoor House, 28 (Article in Serial). SDV162908.


Beckerlegge, J. J., 1939, Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch, 182 (Article in Serial). SDV149484.


Worth, R. H., 1949, The Moorstone Age, Part 1, 316, 327-8, 330-1 (Article in Serial). SDV274816.


Worth, R. H., 1950, The Moorstone Age, Part 2, 82, 333, 335-6, 344 (Article in Serial). SDV336081.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 414 (Monograph). SDV231148.


Elford, I., 1976, The Elfords. The Story of an English Family, 16a (Monograph). SDV257916.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977?, SX56NE2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV257904.

Site visit 7th August 1980. The remains of Longstone Manor are on the shores of Burrator Reservoir and have been incorporated into a later building, Longstone House. There are ruined walls of Elizabethan and later date; this later farmhouse is now also in ruins. Medieval features include a small window frame of granite and the remains of what was once a very large fireplace but which is bricked up at the back with modern bricks. These two features are in the north-west part of the house.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1979, South West Water Authority Burrator Survey, No. 46 (Report - non-specific). SDV278356.

Substantial ruins of the manor house survive and there are a number of granite items (troughs, cider press, apple crusher and gateposts) in the immediate vicinity. In 1978 a protective fence was erected around the ruins and it was decided not to undertake any consolidation works.


Hemery, E., 1981, Forgotten Sheepstor Manor, 8 (Article in Serial). SDV351164.

Remains of Longstone Manor House on a promontory projecting into Burrator Reservoir. The manor house was rebuilt in 1633 by Walter Elford and his wife Barbara. The inscribed stone recording this (1633 WEB) which was formerly above the front entrance to the house was removed to The Lodge in 1928. Improvements undertaken by Walter Elford's son, John, included the provision of a cider mill and a windstrew, an open-air threshing platform. One of these bears the inscription J.E. 1640. In more recent times the manor house became a farm and in the early 20th century was occupied by the Creber family. The farm was abandoned between 1900 and 1925 on the grounds of hygiene in the reservoir catchment area. Visible remains include the shell of the house, two large fireplace lintels, an old garden wall, a slotted gateposts, granite troughs and the cider mill.


Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 115 (Monograph). SDV249702.


Passmore, A., 1999, Longstone Manor: Archaeological Recording of the Structures below the Water Line (Report - Survey). SDV360285.

Survey in 1999 of below the full level of Burrator Reservoir recorded agricultual buildings and field boundaries associated with Longstone Manor. Two agricultural buildings were identified as probably contemporary with the 17th century manor house. The larger building was still standing up to the desertion of the farm in 1898. Various lengths of field boundaries were recorded as well as a futher length of the Sheepstor- Longstone track. Seven phases of activity dating from the Medieval period to consolidation works in 1999 were identified. Pottery recovered provides further evidence for Medieval activity on the site. Eleven fragments of worked granite stones were recorded including a possible cross base socket stone. Map object partly based on this source.


English Heritage, 2013, Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act. Longstone Manor Remains, Burrator, Dartmoor, West Devon (Correspondence). SDV351167.

Letter informing of receipt of application to add Longstone Manor Remains to the Schedule of Monuments.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

'Manor House (remains of)' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 240.
  • Article in Serial: Beckerlegge, J. J.. 1939. Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 182.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1934 - 1938. The Dartmoor House. Transactions of the Torquay Natural History Society. 7. Unknown. 28.
  • Monograph: Breton, H. H.. 1932. The Forest of Dartmoor, 2, Plymouth. The Forest of Dartmoor, 2, Plymouth. 2. Unknown. 46-48.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 414.
  • Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 115.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977?. SX56NE2. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Monograph: Eliot-Drake. 1911. The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake. The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake. 1. Unknown. 133-134.
  • Monograph: Breton, H. H.. 1911. Beautiful Dartmoor. Beautiful Dartmoor. 1. Unknown. 38-39.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1934. Proceedings of the Seventy Third Annual Meeting. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 66. Hardback Volume. 15.
  • Monograph: Elford, I.. 1976. The Elfords. The Story of an English Family. The Elfords. The Story of an English Family. Unknown. 16a.
  • Un-published: Stephens, F. M.. 1898. Longstone Farm. Digital. 30/03/1898.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1949. The Moorstone Age, Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 81. A5 Hardback. 316, 327-8, 330-1.
  • Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1979. South West Water Authority Burrator Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. 18. Unknown. No. 46.
  • Monograph: Lysons, D. + Lysons, S.. 1822. Magna Britannica. Magna Britannica: A Concise Topographical Account of The Several Counties o. 6: Devonshire. Unknown.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1950. The Moorstone Age, Part 2. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 82. A5 Hardback. 82, 333, 335-6, 344.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Article in Serial: Hemery, E.. 1981. Forgotten Sheepstor Manor. The Western Morning News. Digital. 8.
  • Correspondence: English Heritage. 2013. Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act. Longstone Manor Remains, Burrator, Dartmoor, West Devon. Letter to Devon County Council regarding Application to Add Monument to the Schedule of Monuments. Letter.
  • Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • Report - Survey: Passmore, A.. 1999. Longstone Manor: Archaeological Recording of the Structures below the Water Line. A4 Comb Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV103325Related to: Burrator Reservoir (Monument)
MDV3973Related to: Cheesepress at Longstone Manor, Burrator (Monument)
MDV3974Related to: Cider Mill at Longstone Farm (Monument)
MDV3971Related to: Gatepost at Longstone, Burrator Reservoir (Monument)
MDV20601Related to: Redstone Farm, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3975Related to: Threshing floor in Longstone Plantation, Burrator (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 19 2018 10:22AM