HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV4104
Name:UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT in the Parish of Peter Tavy

Summary

Enclosure and hut circles se of wedlake. Remains of 53 hut circles a - z, a' - r'. A. Remains of 10 hut circles in modern enclosure. Covered by ferns and brambles, so accurate measurement impossible. B-c. No entrance visible. D. Walls composed of large stones at base with turf covered stones surmounting them. Entrance to sw. E. Ruinous condition. F. Entrance to se. G. No entrance visible. H. Possible entrance to sw. I. Remains only. J. Entrance to sw. K. Remains of two hut circles. L. Remains only. M. Remains. N. Small circular enclosure. P,q,r,s,t,u. Possible entrance to se. V. Two hut circles, no entrances visible. W. Possible entrance to se. X. No entrance. Y. Remains. Z. No entrance visible. A'. Remains of two hut circles b'. Entrance to sw. C'. Remains. D'. No entrance visible. E'. Remains. F'. Entrance to sw. G'. Double wall type. H'. Remains of six hut circles. I'. Very fragmentary remains of two hut circles. J'. Remains only. K'. In poor condition. L'. A well made hut circle, no definite entrance. M',n',p'. Entrance to sw. Q'. Remains only. R'. Entrance to sw. Fragments of flint and scrapers reported here in tda 17 (osa sx57nw58).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 539 771
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 870
  • Old SAM Ref: 20386(PART)
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

OSA SX57NW58, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228434.

Enclosure and hut circles se of wedlake. Remains of 53 hut circles a - z, a' - r'. A. Remains of 10 hut circles in modern enclosure. Covered by ferns and brambles, so accurate measurement impossible. B-c. No entrance visible. D. Walls composed of large stones at base with turf covered stones surmounting them. Entrance to sw. E. Ruinous condition. F. Entrance to se. G. No entrance visible. H. Possible entrance to sw. I. Remains only. J. Entrance to sw. K. Remains of two hut circles. L. Remains only. M. Remains. N. Small circular enclosure. P,q,r,s,t,u. Possible entrance to se. V. Two hut circles, no entrances visible. W. Possible entrance to se. X. No entrance. Y. Remains. Z. No entrance visible. A'. Remains of two hut circles b'. Entrance to sw. C'. Remains. D'. No entrance visible. E'. Remains. F'. Entrance to sw. G'. Double wall type. H'. Remains of six hut circles. I'. Very fragmentary remains of two hut circles. J'. Remains only. K'. In poor condition. L'. A well made hut circle, no definite entrance. M',n',p'. Entrance to sw. Q'. Remains only. R'. Entrance to sw. Fragments of flint and scrapers reported here in tda 17 (osa sx57nw58).


Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV228435.

Vis=4/2/1971 (ancient monuments). Hut circles south of wedlake. Unenclosed group of 53 hut circles and a small enclosure, 18.29m in diameter. The hut circles are mainly very ruinous but where visible the entrances are on the south west side. The hut circles range in diameter from 4.572 - 7.32m.


NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228438.

The majority of the huts are between 5.5m and 8.8m internal diam and appear to be of type 2, the interiors being levelled. There has been considerable robbing, some perhaps in antiquity, and particularly to the lesser huts with internal diams down to 2.6m. These seem to be of type 1. Walling averages 1.4m wide, exceptionally 2m, and is from 0.3m to 0.8m high, being lower within the area of modern enclosure. Where visible, entrances are usually to the s. One hut at sx53907729 is sub-divided and another large one at sx53937714 seems to have been repossessed by the intrusion of a smaller hut. A number of huts are linked by boulder and rubble walling 1.4m wide and from 0.2m to 0.6m high, forming small irregular plots. It is the linking wall at sx53867727 which obtrudes the normal direction of the reave; it would seem to be earlier, since there appears little benefit in clearing 16m of reave to obtain about 48 sq metres of ground (nmr, citing os).


SEE SX57NW-199, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV228439.

Vis=1/12/1982 (robinson) doe fmw visit. There is a cairnfield to the east of the settlement with about 15 cairns. Not located accurately.(see sx57nw-199).


1, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228441.

Open settlement in four distinct groups.(1) agglomerated enclosure of three elements. Two hut circles attached to exterior walls of enclosure. Six hut circles freestanding to southwest of enclosure, four hut circles freestanding to northeast, one with short length of walling attached. Sx53937717.


2, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228442.

(2) group of eight freestanding hut circles, one with short length of walling attached. Sx54057727.


3, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228443.

(3) group of eleven freestanding hut circles. Sx54157730.


4, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228444.

(4) group of seven freestanding hut circles. Sx53937729.


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228445.

(5) two freestanding hut circles equidistant between groups 1 and 2. Total forty hut circles (rchm app 1985).


RCHME, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV228447.

Vis=23/8/1991 (rchme) an unenclosed settlement and an associated field system situated on the nw slopes of roos tor.


SEE FLEMING, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228448.

Settlement and field system covers gently sloping hillside below the main area of the clitter scree eroded from the granite tor. Lying between the 325m and 370m contours it extends about 400m ew by 250m, an area of approximately 10ha. In the nw of the settlement 19 huts fall within once cultivated enclosed pastureland whilst the remainder of the huts are on rough grassland outside the modern enclosure wall to the se. Scrub, furze and hawthorn are spread across the area. The w side of the settlement is bounded by the "great western reave" (see fleming) which curves around to the ne to cross it in the nw.


NMR, CITING SAINSBURY, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228452.

Huts (1) to (3) also lie outside the reave giving the impression that the reave is cutting across an already extant settlement.(according to local information this area inside the modern enclosure wall was last ploughed for potato cultivation during the napoleonic wars. Huts (1) and (2) are in a much reduced fragmentary condition and it is possible that there were more huts in the area to their e, n of the reave, which have been destroyed by ploughing) (nmr, citing sainsbury).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228463.

Des=robinson, r. /lists of doe fmw visits/(19/1/1983)in smr.


AMD, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228454.

N. B.4 hut circles (subsheets 1-4) included in scheduled area 20386. The remaining 49 hut circles, and enclosures, have been de facto descheduled (amd).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV228464.

Aph=nmr sx5376/4/256(20/5/1977).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228457.

Anderson, i. K. /tda/38(1906)/11th report of the dartmoor exploration committee.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV228467.

Aph=raf/58/6399/f64/0043-44.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228455.

Osa=sx57nw18.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV228465.

Aph=nmr sx5377/4/252(20/5/1977).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228459.

Osa=sx57nw58.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228469.

Des=sainsbury, i. S. /(23/8/1991)/rchme field investigation.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228456.

Baring-gould, s. /tda/37(1905)141-145/10th report of the dartmoor exploration committee.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228466.

Des=griffith, f. M. /as above(26/8/1986).


4, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228451.

Due to the collapsed, ploughed down and overgrown nature of the wall to the sw of hut (4) its exact relationship to the reave is now difficult to ascertain. Build up of soil and field clearance on the e of this wall appear to have encroached on it and the hut combining the reave and wall into one feature.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228462.

Osa=sx57nw82.


1-33 AND 35-72, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228449.

The settlement consists of 71 huts (1-33 and 35-72) which are invariably formed by circular platforms built up, levelled and cut into the slope. They are edged with turf-covered walls constructed of rubble. Their internal diams range from 2.2m to 9m (averaging 4.9m) and the walls, 0.2m to 1m high, are 0.8m to 1.6m wide spread to 2m or more in places. Though most of the huts have been heavily robbed there are 54 identifiable entrances still evident, predominantly in the sw.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228460.

Anon. /tda/17(1885)71.


Griffith, F. M., Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV677.

Vis=24/8/1986 (griffith) a charming group of hut circles on open ?cleared hillside.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV228458.

Aph=nmr sx 53 77.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228468.

Fleming, a. /the dartmoor reaves/(1988)44.


18, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228450.

The remains of the field system are now only fragmentary. Several of the huts, mainly in the sw of the area around huts (18) and (24), are attached to small irregular shaped enclosures or possible plots. Remains of probable field walls are evident running ew up and down the slope from huts (20) (25) (27) (55) and (64). There are also short lengths of walling visible near huts (41) and (58). Inside the angle of the modern enclosure wall, near hut (10) are the turf-covered remains of a stony lynchet about 120m long which has been much reduced by ploughing. Another, 75m long, is evident to the se of hut (69). There are also about 20 stone clearance heaps, some oval but mainly circular, scattered around hut (70). They are turf-covered mounds predominantly of small stones and average 4.2m in diam and 0.7m in height.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV228461.

Des=os survey drawing 1:2500 in parish file.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=13/10/1978 (os) group of 36 hut circles, their condition mostly poor to fair, only one being in good preservation. Entrances visible on 13 of the huts. Some cultivation may have been carried out on the hillside with large rock-free areas.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Migrated Record: OSA SX57NW58.
  • Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
  • Migrated Record: 1.
  • Migrated Record: 2.
  • Report - Survey: SEE SX57NW-199.
  • Migrated Record: NMR, CITING OS.
  • Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
  • Migrated Record: 3.
  • Migrated Record: SEE FLEMING.
  • Migrated Record: 4.
  • Migrated Record: 4.
  • Migrated Record: 1-33 AND 35-72.
  • Report - Survey: RCHME.
  • Migrated Record: 18.
  • Migrated Record: NMR, CITING SAINSBURY.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record: AMD.
  • Aerial Photograph:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Aerial Photograph:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Aerial Photograph:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Aerial Photograph:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Report - Survey: Griffith, F. M..
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 16 2015 11:01AM