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HER Number:MDV4223
Name:Stone row on Langstone Moor

Summary

Stone alignment consisting of a 128 metre long, single row of twenty-seven stones, although only thirteen remain in place and these have an average height of 0.19 metres. The spacing between the stones is intermittent as a result of either partial robbing or some of the smaller ones being buried below the present day ground surface due to peat accumulation. The downslope terminal stone lies at the southern end of the stone alignment and measures 2.95 metres high, 0.75 metres wide and 0.4 metres thick. This stone was re-erected by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1893.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 550 787
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NE 18
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/18
  • Old SAM County Ref: 366
  • Old SAM Ref: 20399
  • Pastscape: 439621
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Brooking-Rowe, J., 1893, Seventeenth Report of the Committee on Scientific Memoranda, 172 (Article in Serial). SDV255460.

Describes the stone row briefly and the re-siting of the menhir: "On Langstone Moor, near White Tor, in Peter Tavy, is a stone row 330 feet long , running north by north-east and south by south-west. It consists of about 35 stones in a single line, mostly small. It leads off from a menhir that had fallen, but which had given its name to the moor and formed one of the way-signs for the lychway after passing White Tor, before Whittabarrow was reached. The lychway, in fact, has passed athwart the stone row, close by the menhir."


Baring Gould, S., 1895, Second Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 83 (Article in Serial). SDV271711.


Baring Gould, S., 1899, Sixth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 152 (Article in Serial). SDV344950.


Tyler, F. C., 1930-1931, Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows, 115-119 (Article in Serial). SDV251072.

This row is included in a discussion by Tyler on the orientation of stone rows.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 299, Row no.30. (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Langstone Moor. Stone row, consists of very small stones. Has been robbed. 18 stones remain, the largest of which stands only 0.4 metres over ground. Original spacing may have been about 1.5 metres. Remains of second row nearly parallel to it, leading from a cairn formerly surrounded by a circle of stones. Remains of barrow now reduced to a rubble ring at the northern end. At the southern end is the menhir, the longstone. The stones all of epidiorite, the local stone. Direction of length north 2 degrees east.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1953, SX57NE18 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV255487.

18/07/1950 - Stone row remains and menhir are correct as shown on the 1906 map. Worth (1946) quoted. Worth's description is correct except that the present length is approximately 95 metres. No trace of the barrow could be found at the northern end of the row.
04/08/1953 - Menhir (longstone) southern terminal. A possible tiny cairn dug over at the norhtern end.


Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/F65/58/6399, 039-040 (Aerial Photograph). SDV255418.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 216-7 (Monograph). SDV337618.

The menhir has been deliberately used as a target, and the barrow wrecked.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 161 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

8/5/1974 Mutilated cairn at northern (upper) end of stone row excavated 1898 without result. Diameter 6.0 metres, height 0.3 metres (citing Baring-Gould).


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

No photographs available.


Griffiths, F. M., 1986, Site visit notes - Langstone Moor stone row (Personal Comment). SDV255494.

24/8/1986 Stone row as previously described. Stones very small. At the northern end barrow not visible: there was a large pool of water here.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 1990 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Stone alignment of the long single alignment type. Includes a 128 metre long, single row of twenty-seven stones, although only thirteen remain in place. Average height 0.19 metres. Spacing between stones is intermittent. The downslope terminal stone lies at the southern end of the alignment and measures 2.95 metres high, 0.75 metres wide and 0.4 metres thick. This stone was re-erected by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1893.


Newman, P., 2003, The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs, 4, fig 2 (Report - Survey). SDV255420.

Stone row survey by English Heritage in 2003 revealed 27 stones were visible in an erratic alignment with several large gaps. 22 stones are set in the ground although some are loose and the tallest is only 0.3 metres high. Two stones at the northern end appear to be out of alignment and are surrounded by small mounds which may represent the remains of a cairn which was destroyed when a seasonal pond was excavated. Damage has been caused by a sunken trackway at the southern end with a later track causing further damage around 10 metres to the north.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Stone Row is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

This monument is situated on a broad ridge between Cocks Hill and White Tor and includes a stone alignment, cairn and part of a hollow way called the Lichway. The stone alignment includes a 128m long, single row of twenty-seven stones, although only thirteen remain in place and these have an average height of 0.19m. The spacing between the stones is intermittent as a result of either partial robbing or some of the smaller ones being buried below the present day ground surface due to peat accumulation. The downslope terminal stone lies at the southern end of the stone alignment and measures 2.95m high, 0.75m wide and 0.4m thick. This stone was re-erected by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1893. At the northern end of the stone alignment is a round cairn. The cairn mound measures 5m in diameter and stands up to 0.4m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests previous robbing or partial early excavation. A hollow way measuring 4m wide and 0.4m deep, known as the Lichway, passes between the downslope terminal stone and the remainder of the alignment. This trackway leads across Dartmoor towards Lydford and is known to have been the route used to carry the dead to the parish church in the early medieval period.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

On the flattish part of Langstone Moor at approximately 441.0 metres OD is the remains of a stone row. The row is aligned north/south and is visible in part over 120.0 metres from SX55027873 to SX55027886. The spacing between the stones is intermittent (? due to robbery). The stones average 1.0 metre long, 0.3 metres wide and 0.3 metres high. The much reduced barrow at the northern end was not found. The standing stone, 2.95 metres high and 0.75 metres by 0.4 metres is at the southern end though somewhat damaged on the west face by rifle fire.
Revised at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:1000 (citing NJA, 11/09/78, Field Investigators Comments).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1930-1931. Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 16. 115-119.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 299, Row no.30..
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/F65/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 039-040.
  • Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2003. The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. 25. A4 Comb Bound. 4, fig 2.
  • Article in Serial: Brooking-Rowe, J.. 1893. Seventeenth Report of the Committee on Scientific Memoranda. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 25. Digital. 172.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1953. SX57NE18. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Personal Comment: Griffiths, F. M.. 1986. Site visit notes - Langstone Moor stone row. Worksheet. Not Applicable.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1895. Second Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 27. Digital. 83.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 161.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 1990.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 216-7.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1899. Sixth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 31. Digital. 152.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV4596Related to: Flint finds on Langstone Moor (Monument)
MDV4226Related to: Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV4107Related to: Reave to west of Langstone Moor stone row (Monument)
MDV4225Related to: Standing stone on Langstone Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7275 - Survey of the Langstone Moor stone circle and other prehistoric monuments nearby

Date Last Edited:Jun 6 2017 4:29PM