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HER Number:MDV4309
Name:Stall Moor long stone row

Summary

A single stone row runs for some 3.1 kilometres from a cairn on the summit of Green Hill to a stone circle on Stall Moor, from SX 63656770 to SX 63516447; thought to be the longest stone row in the world. Associated with a stone circle at the southern end and two terminal cairns. The alignment runs roughly north-south but crosses three watercourses and does make several minor changes in direction. There is thought to have originally been around 2000 stones in the row, with nearly 1000 remaining in position.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 637 661
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/62
  • Old SAM County Ref: 403
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Falcon, T. A., 1905, Dartmoor: A Note on Graves, 460 (Article in Serial). SDV257059.

According to Falcon there are about 613 stones from the circle to Redlake (SX 637662), stone 800 is on Green Hill (SX 636678), but the row continues to stone 896 by the Blacklane Brook depression (SX 635683), followed by an intermittent alignment of some further 21 stones to a ruined cairn on Cater's Beam (SX 633690).


Worth, R. H., 1906-1907, Long Stone Row on Erme, 11-12 (Article in Serial). SDV157172.

Surveyed by Worth and the Ordnance Survey.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 445-6, 44 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66NW20, 9/05/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV157170.

A stone row of the single row type.
A-B: Correct as shown on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch historic map. Average distance between stones is 1 metre, average height is 0.6 metres.
B-C: Stones disappear between these points where row descends steep gully and crosses River Erme.
C-D: Row thins here.
D-E: Stones disappear between these points where row crosses Red Lake.
E-F: Row assumes normal proportions between these points, being approximately the same as between A-B.
F-G: Row virtually disappears here, the visible stones being as much as 50 metres apart. Turf type, and not robbery, are apparently the cause.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 204 fig.72 (Monograph). SDV337618.


Fox, A., 1973, South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition), 70 (Monograph). SDV16216.

A stone row, the longest on Dartmoor, and as far as is known, the longest in the world, extends from a retaining circle on Stall Moor northwards to a barrow on Greenhill, a distance of, 11,150 feet.
The stone circle, diameter 50 feet 8 inches, consists of 26 stones, ten in the eastern half and sixteen in the western half. Within the circle is a low barrow and a shallow trench surrounds the whole. The tumulus on Green Hill most likely contains the remains of a cist. There is a broken stone on the surface which has either been a small menhir or a cist cover.
The stone row is partly covered in blanket peat showing that it was built before the Sub-Atlantic deterioration of the climate after 900 BC.


National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6363, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV156571.


National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.


Quinnell, N. V., 1979, Stall Moor Stone Row (Report - Survey). SDV157175.

The stone row has been surveyed between the southern extremity, the stone circle at SX 63526443, and the apparent northern end at Greenhill Cairn SX 63666779. The supposed extension to Cater's Beam recorded by Falcon in 1905 could not be identified.
The stone circle at the southern end is as planned by Worth. The Greenhill cairn is 8.0 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres high with a shallow central depression. It is turf-covered with no particular features other than small protruding stones. There is no visible evidence of a cist.
The stone row follows an irregular course between its extremities which are not intervisible, and for the most part along it neither end can be seen. Generally the size of the stones and the condition
of the row deteriorates as it goes northwards perhaps a reflection of the availability of material but to some extent resulting from depredations by turf cutters.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on the aerial photography and recorded, with a gap around SX63556485.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 74-77, Map 55.7 (Monograph). SDV337765.

The longest stone row (about 3320 metres in length) lies in the upper Erme Valley, running parallel with the main river. The next longest row on Butterdon Hill is only 1973 metres. The remote position of the Stall Moor row (2 kilometres from the enclosures around the edge of the moor) has helped preserve the row and nearly one thousand stones remain in position, about half the original number. Few of the stones are over a metre in height and for much of the course of the row the hillside is free of surface rock; the majority of the stones were probably hauled up from the river. A peat profile taken next to one of the stones north of the Knackersmill Gulf settlements showed that at least by the time peat had begun to form the surrounding area was open countryside as at present. The numerous gaps in the row are thought to be due to the overgrowth of turf rather than robbing.
South of Dry Lake the best sections of the row are on south-facing slopes and here the stones were erected at fairly consistent intervals (1.3 - 1.6 metres apart). Most are spaced towards the longer interval, giving the original total of about 2000 stones.
The southern section of the row has comparatively few gaps present and runs just 3 degrees east of north. The row later changes direction to avoid the bed of the River Erme. Medieval streamworks have partly destroyed the row and a number have fallen or lean precariously. Row runs up to summit cairn but originally there may have been a long stone standing here. The stone circle at the southern end of the row can just be seen from this point.


Riley, H., 1994, Stall Moor Stone Row (Report - Survey). SDV359562.

A single stone row runs for some 3.1 kilometres from a cairn on the summit of Green Hill to a stone circle on Stall Moor, from SX 63656770 to SX 63516447. As described by the Royal Commission in 1979; the stone row has been disturbed by tinning in two places between Green Hill and the Forest Boundary, at SX 63656722 and 63606674.


Hazell, E., 2002, The Decoding of Stall Moor Circle and Row, 16/1/2002 (Un-published). SDV154791.

Stone row extending for over two miles from Stall Moor stone circle to Green Hill cairn through the parishes of Cornwood, Harford and Lydford.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Modern mapping indicates the position of the stone row. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 26/04/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

The monument includes a stone alignment with two terminal cairns one of which has an encircling kerb situated on Stall Moor in the Upper Erme Valley.
The single stone alignment consists of mainly small stones measuring up to 0.8 metres high and spaced at as little as 1 metres apart at the southern end, where more widely spaced the build up of peat obscures the stones from view. The alignment is approximately 3320 metres in length and crosses three watercourses. It is basically aligned north to south but does make several minor changes in direction along its length. At the northern end just below the summit of Green Hill the alignment ends close to the second cairn.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Un-published: Hazell, E.. 2002. The Decoding of Stall Moor Circle and Row. Digital. 16/1/2002.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6363. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 3.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66NW20. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 9/05/1950.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1906-1907. Long Stone Row on Erme. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 4. Unknown. 11-12.
  • Report - Survey: Quinnell, N. V.. 1979. Stall Moor Stone Row. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Unknown.
  • Monograph: Fox, A.. 1973. South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition). South West England. Hardback Volume. 70.
  • Article in Serial: Falcon, T. A.. 1905. Dartmoor: A Note on Graves. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. 460.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 445-6, 44.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 204 fig.72.
  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 74-77, Map 55.7.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 26/04/2016.
  • Report - Survey: Riley, H.. 1994. Stall Moor Stone Row. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV4366Related to: Cairn adjacent to the Stall Moor stone row (Monument)
MDV5106Related to: Cairn at the northern end of Stall Moor stone row (Monument)
MDV4236Related to: Enclosure and hut circles on Erme Plains (Monument)
MDV4331Related to: Knackersmill Gulf prehistoric settlement (Monument)
MDV24810Related to: Line of trial pits north-east of Dry Lake (Monument)
MDV24809Related to: Openwork north of Middle Mire (Monument)
MDV5104Related to: Same as 4309? (Monument)
MDV4310Related to: Stall Moor stone circle (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 15 2016 2:24PM