HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV4333
Name:Stone row on Burford Down

Summary

The Burford Down stone alignment has been traced for 450 metres, from the retaining kerb at the southern terminal north into Yadsworthy newtake. The alignment incorporates at least 100 stones, many upright or tilted and up to 0.8 metres high. Though robbing has occurred, particularly near the newtake wall, the spacing of the stones is considered to have averaged 1.5 metres. There is no northern terminal, but the alignment can be traced over 80 metres beyond the newtake wall.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 637 603
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/76
  • Old SAM County Ref: 821
  • Old SAM Ref: 10527

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1906-1907, Stone Row on Burford Down, near Tristis Rock (Article in Serial). SDV155300.

Worth points out errors in earlier survey and description.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 401 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 288, Row No.3 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

This row has been robbed of many of the stones, but is still a good example. See MDV4257 for the retaining circle.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW57 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165958.

(28/3/1950) A single row in good condition, extending beyond the intake wall at the northern end. There is a retaining circle at the southern end.


Parsons, H., 1953, Investigations into the Burford Down Stone Row, 145-147 (Article in Serial). SDV165956.

(9/1/1953) Terminal menhir believed to have been found about 145 metres from where row is cut by newtake wall. Earthfast stone leaning at an angle, next to it was another piece of granite, 2.6 metres long, which suggested that the original stone had been cut by feather and tare as near the ground as possible. Suggested length 495 metres.


Ancient Monuments, 1970, Cairns and stone row west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down, 5/5/1970 (Schedule Document). SDV154730.

The row consists of 34 uprights.


Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 30 (Article in Serial). SDV345864.


National Monument Record, 1976, SX6360/1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165921.


National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6460 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157244.


Burl, A., 1977, Stone Circles of the British Isles, 344 (Monograph). SDV260575.


Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

(25/7/1976 and 9/5/1978) A stone row, eccentric on the east side of the circle, almost tangential, runs 1 degree west of north. At first the stones are widely spaced 3 - 3.5 metres, but become closer towards the north, approximately 1.2 metres apart. Maximum height of stones is about 0.75 metres but the size varies a lot. The ground drops away towards the north, and the stone row is lost in dense furze. Part way along the row there occurs a break in the alignment, with a long tapered stone lying in a shallow circular hollow. This stone has been broken at the tapered end and now measures 1.40 metres.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 140/ Harford 5 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Stone row is visible on the National Monument Record aerial photographs (1970s) and recorded on map overlay.


Ancient Monuments, 1990, Burford Down stone row (Schedule Document). SDV155286.

Row is 450 metres long. Stones up to 0.8 metres high.


Hazell, E., 2001, Decoding of Burford Down Stone Row (Un-published). SDV155304.

Burford Down stone row given a length of 1620 feet with 324 stones.


Rendell, P., 2002, Email about damage to Burford Down stone row (Correspondence). SDV155305.

Evidence of damage was reported to Burford Down stone row in March 2002 from agricultural machinery dislodging at least three stones.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Stone row is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 07/03/2017 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The Burford Down stone alignment has been traced for 450m, from the retaining kerb at the southern terminal north into Yadsworthy newtake. The alignment incorporates at least 100 stones, many upright or tilted and up to 0.8m high. Though robbing has occurred, particularly near the newtake wall, the spacing of the stones is considered to have averaged 1.5m. There is no northern terminal, but the alignment can be traced over 80m beyond the newtake wall. The retaining kerb consists of six standing and seven fallen stones giving a diameter of 10m. The cairn mound is hollow in the centre and a maximum 0.6m high.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape, Accessed 07/03/2017 (Website). SDV359964.

This single stone row on a slight north slope extends from a crest at 260m OD to a col at 255m OD. It can be traced from its south terminal, marked by a cairn, at SX 63706017 for 336m, bearing 1o, to a possible blocking stone at SX 63706051 and of different character for a further 120m to SX 63706062. The recumbent stone, considered by Parsons, H. (1953) to be the north terminal lies yet a further 47m distant at SX 63706067.
From the fallen blocking stone, 1.5m by 0.5m, at the south end, for 116m north the row lies in closely grazed ground and the regularly spaced stones, average 2.2m apart, measure 0.5m by 0.2m and 0.6m high. For the next 220m the stones lie in furze and grass tussocks, and though of similar character only protrude 0.2m and are less regular. The possible blocking stone at SX 63706051 is prominent and measures 0.9m by 0.6m and 1.0m high. North of this, the stones are more massive, average 0.8m by 0.6m by 1.0m. The alleged blocking stone noted by Parsons measures 2.7m by 1.0m and has been split by drilling.
1:10 000 Survey revised on MSD. Enlargement survey at 1:500 on OS 495 (citing Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments CC 02-AUG-77)

Sources / Further Reading

  • Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
  • Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1970. Cairns and stone row west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown. 5/5/1970.
  • Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1990. Burford Down stone row. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1906-1907. Stone Row on Burford Down, near Tristis Rock. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 4, part 1. Unknown.
  • Un-published: Hazell, E.. 2001. Decoding of Burford Down Stone Row. Digital.
  • Correspondence: Rendell, P.. 2002. Email about damage to Burford Down stone row. Email. Digital.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6460. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6360/1. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
  • Article in Serial: Parsons, H.. 1953. Investigations into the Burford Down Stone Row. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 85. Unknown. 145-147.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW57. Oakford Archaeology. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 288, Row No.3.
  • Monograph: Burl, A.. 1977. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Unknown. 344.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 140/ Harford 5.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 401.
  • Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 30.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 07/03/2017.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 07/03/2017.

Associated Monuments

MDV4257Related to: Cairn circle at southern end of stone row on Burford Down (Monument)
MDV28130Related to: Earthwork bank on Burford Down, Harford (Monument)
MDV13227Related to: Worked stone on Yadsworthy Waste (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 21 2017 10:27AM