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HER Number:MDV4371
Name:Buttern Hill Stone Circle, Gidleigh

Summary

Buttern Hill stone circle measures 24.8 metres in diameter and comprises five upright granite slabs standing up to 0.76 metres high. A further 19 recumbent stones lie where they have fallen. No apparent effort has been made to repair or restore this circle.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 649 884
Map Sheet:SX68NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 443709
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NW/3
  • Old SAM County Ref: 155
  • Old SAM Ref: 28712

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1894, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3., 303-4 (Article in Serial). SDV234309.


Worth, R. H., 1932, The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown), 282-3 (Article in Serial). SDV239731.

Circle at foot of western slope of Buttern Hill. Smaller than the Scorhill circle. Five stones remain erect, 19 fallen, and 5 lost stones, whose positions are visible and some doubtful small stones. Some stones have been broken up for gate-posts. Diameter measures 24.5 metres.


Royal Air Force, 1947 - 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2491, 4344-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346365.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX68NW11 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV239725.

(Site visited 14/8/1950) A very poor stone circle in ruined condition. Stones as described by Worth, but no sign of barrow mentioned by R. N. Worth.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force 1947 aerial photographs.


Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visit 6th March 1986.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 55, 56, 80, G7 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Stone circle 24.4 metres in diameter. 18 stones, 13 fallen. One axis on low ridge, other on saddle.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 194, Fig. 38.2 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Slightly smaller than its neighbouring circle on Scorhill but less impressive due to the smaller stones used in its construction. The largest stone is 2.05 metres long. Originally 23 stones in circle, five remain standing; the tallest of which is 0.6 metres in height. No attempt has been made at restoration. Turf has been stripped from the surface within the circle but there are no deep pits and the interior is flat and apparently undamaged. No sign of the small cairn 6.0 metres inside the southern perimeter recorded by Worth in 1894.


Gerrard, S., 1998, Untitled Source, 149103 (Un-published). SDV239724.

Stone circle 400 metres south-west of Buttern Hill at SX64938847.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

'Stone circle' depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this Source.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

The stone circle 400 metres south west of Buttern Hill survives comparatively well and has never been restored or excavated.
The monument includes a stone circle situated on level ground overlooking the valley of the North Teign River and Whitemoor Marsh. The stone circle measures 24.8 metres in diameter and is denoted by five upright granite slabs standing up to 0.76 metres high. A further 19 recumbent stones lie where they have fallen (Scheduled 1928, amended 1999).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 194, Fig. 38.2.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 55, 56, 80, G7.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1894. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3.. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 303-4.
  • Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 1998. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Unknown. 149103.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX68NW11. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932. The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. Unknown. 282-3.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947 - 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2491. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 4344-5.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV29136Related to: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Gidleigh (Monument)
MDV4392Related to: Possible stone circle north-west of Buttern Hill Circle, Gidleigh (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 5 2017 10:44AM