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HER Number:MDV48903
Name:Ring cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works

Summary

One of two cairns in a group on Wigford Down; these are contained within the coaxial field system. This is a ring cairn which survives as a circular bank of stone measuring up to 3 metres wide and 0.5 metres high which surrounds a flat internal area with a diameter of up to 4 metres. A round cairn lies just to the north, while three other cairns lie to the south-east.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 549 650
Map Sheet:SX56NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439100
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NW/10/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 435A
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, 3239-40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV340833.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NW23 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV268171.

A turf-covered cairn measuring 0.6 meters in height adjacent to a cairn circle.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX56SE29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV216693.

Cairn A (recorded at SX55011498, which is erroneous). Cairn measures 5.5 meters in diameter and is one of six grass-covered cairns in the area.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 157 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Site visited 27/2/1972) A "cairn circle" recorded at SX54956508 as shown on Ordnance Survey 6 inch map. This may well be a hut circle with an entrance at the south-east. Diameter measures 9.0 meters, height 0.3 meters. Other details: 4a Wigford Down.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56NW38 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV268172.

A stone free, almost level, circular area, 5.4 meters in diameter is surrounded by a turf-covered bank of stone. This is 2.1 meters wide and 0.7 meters high on the east, lessening to the west where it fades briefly. There is a distinct gap in the south-east. It is scheduled as a barrow but almost certainly erroneously. Grinsell's view that it may be a hut is further sustained by the presence of a prehistoric field bank which extends from the east side of the hut and joins the local reave. A poorly defined angular structure about 2.3 meters square internally and 0.4 meters high is attached to the east side of the wall and appears to be associated with the hut.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 68 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring cairn, 5.1 meters internal diameter with bank 1.3 meters wide and 0.3 meters high. There is a 1.7 meter wide entrance on the south-east side. Other details: A42.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 80, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler's cairn 7. Measures 9.0 meters in diameter by 0.3 meters in height. Close to bowl cairn 6 (MDV2310).


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Visible on aerial photography of the area.


Richards, A. F., 2011, Cairns on Wigford Down (Personal Comment). SDV346330.

There seems to have been some confusion over the number of cairns in this area, possibly due to the originally grid references provided on the Ordnance Survey Card for this group, which identified six features (a-e). The modern Ordnance Survey mapping shows seven cairns in total (including the two to the south-east of this group), which corresponds with the 2010 aerial photography of the area, and Butler (1994), although these are located slightly north-east of the original 1950s grid references. For this reason, the extra HER records that have been based on the slightly inaccurate Ordnance Survey grid references, have been replaced by the correct HER records – in this case, 48903 replaces 2460, which has been deleted.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this Source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument, which falls into four separate areas of protection, includes a ring cairn and four round cairns forming part of a round cairn cemetery situated on Wigford Down, lying partially within the Wigford Down coaxial field system, overlooking the Plym Valley.
The two western cairns are contained within the Wigford Down coaxial field system. The southern of these is a ring cairn which survives as a circular bank of stone measuring up to 3m wide and 0.5m high which surrounds a flat internal area with a diameter of up to 4m. The northern one is a round cairn which survives as a circular mound measuring 10m in diameter and 0.6m high.
The remaining three round cairns lie outside the coaxial field system and survive as circular mounds which vary in size from 7.8m to 13m in diameter and from 0.5m to 1.1m in height. All three show evidence for either partial early excavation or robbing.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 80, Map 48.1.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX56SE29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 68.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NW23. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56NW38. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 157.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3239-40.
  • Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
  • Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2011. Cairns on Wigford Down. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2219Part of: Field system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV5619Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV12718Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV28543Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV48901Related to: Eylesbarrow Watershed Reave (Monument)
MDV2310Related to: Round cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 8 2017 3:47PM