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HER Number:MDV49340
Name:Poltimore House, Gardens

Summary

Walled gardens at Poltimore House established in mid 19th century, with lime avenues, formal garden and circular rosary

Location

Grid Reference:SX 965 965
Map Sheet:SX99NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishPoltimore
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPOLTIMORE

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99NE/9/7

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FORMAL GARDEN (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 1921, Untitled Source (Pamphlet). SDV321960.

Pleasure grounds of Poltimore House. Sale catalogue (1921) refers to about 34 acres of pleasure grounds, containing two lime avenues, rare trees and shrubs, tennis, croquet and other lawns, flower beds and herbaceous borders. Also a walled kitchen garden of nearly seven acres containing greenhouse, plant house, span forcing pits, vinery, peach-house, mushroom house, potato shed, open shed, fruit room, stores, seed room, potting shed, tools sheds and stone built and slated messroom and stable.


Pugsley, S., 1994, Devon Gardens. An Historical Survey, 6,92,94,125-9 (Monograph). SDV672.


Gray, T., 1995, The Garden History of Devon: An Illustrated Guide to Sources, 179-80 (Monograph). SDV671.

Other details: An illustrated guide to sources.


Devon Gardens Trust, 1999, Devon Local Register, 113 (Un-published). SDV170167.


Salvatore, J. P., 1999, Poltimore (Personal Comment). SDV135226.

Site visited on 15th April 1999. Elements of formal gardens attached to the house, and the ponds & weirs of a former Chinese garden to south were noted in close proximity to the house.


Clark, J. + Richardson, D., 1999, Poltimore House (Un-published). SDV357690.

The parkland to the north of the house is dominated by avenues of lime and poplar, a pinetum and many specimen trees.


Land Use Consultants + Lambert, D., 2001, Poltimore House: historical landscape survey (Report - Survey). SDV321966.

Walled gardens established in mid 19C. Lime avenue leading to church & another running northwest to southeast. A rectangular formal garden is shown to the west of the church on OS 1891 1st Edition map & a circular rosary to the northwest of the house.


Poltimore House Trust + Friends of Poltimore House, 2004, The Poltimore Arboretum (Un-published). SDV357711.

The Poltimore gardens and woodlands cover about 30 acres, of which 13, including the land on which the House is built, now belong to Poltimore House Trust. The area surrounding the house is depicted in late 17th and early 18th century drawings as formal gardens with topiary and statuary. The two avenues of limes (one was felled in 1956 and replaced with poplars) date from about 1710, planted to mark the accession of George I. But the first attempt at landscaping was in 1840, when George Bampfylde, first Baron Poltimore, commissioned James Veitch, son of John Veitch (the famous landscape gardener), to plant woodlands on the rising ground behind the mansion. Details of trees follow.


Devon Gardens Trust, 2013, Devon Gazetteer of Parks and Gardens of Local Interest (Reg/Local list of Historic Parks and Gdns). SDV354335.


Clark, J. + Richardson, D., 2013, Poltimore House (Un-published). SDV357691.

The parkland and a lodge survive as does the 19th century stables and gateposts have huge balls on slender pillars, dated 1681, repositioned near the main road; another pair can be seen north of the village. North of the house, the parkland is dominated by Lime and Poplar avenues, a pinetum and many specimen trees. An obelisk lies in pieces, never having been erected. The Poltimore gardens and woodlands cover about 30 acres, of which 13, including the land on which the House is built, now belong to Poltimore House Trust. Poltimore was recorded as a Deer Park in 1575, and the area surrounding the House is depicted in late 17th and early 18th century drawings as formal gardens with topiary and statuary. The two avenues of limes (one was felled in 1956 and replaced with poplars) date from about 1710, planted to mark the accession of George I. In 1840, George Bampfylde, 1st Baron Poltimore, commissioned James Veitch, son of John Veitch to plant woodlands on the rising ground behind the mansion.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Personal Comment: Salvatore, J. P.. 1999. Poltimore.
  • Un-published: Devon Gardens Trust. 1999. Devon Local Register. Devon Local Register of Parks and Gardens of Local Historic Interest. A4 Stapled + Digital. 113.
  • Report - Survey: Land Use Consultants + Lambert, D.. 2001. Poltimore House: historical landscape survey. Garden History Society Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
  • Pamphlet: Unknown. 1921. Poltimore Park Estate: sale catalogue.
  • Reg/Local list of Historic Parks and Gdns: Devon Gardens Trust. 2013. Devon Gazetteer of Parks and Gardens of Local Interest. Historic Parks and Gardens - Register and Local List. Digital.
  • Un-published: Clark, J. + Richardson, D.. 1999. Poltimore House. Devon Register Review. A4 Stapled + Digital.
  • Monograph: Gray, T.. 1995. The Garden History of Devon: An Illustrated Guide to Sources. The Garden History of Devon: An Illustrated Guide to Sources. Paperback Volume. 179-80.
  • Monograph: Pugsley, S.. 1994. Devon Gardens. An Historical Survey. Devon Gardens. An Historical Survey. Unknown. 6,92,94,125-9.
  • Un-published: Clark, J. + Richardson, D.. 2013. Poltimore House. Devon Local Register of Parks and Gardens of Local Historic Interest. Digital.
  • Un-published: Poltimore House Trust + Friends of Poltimore House. 2004. The Poltimore Arboretum. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV10156Related to: Poltimore House (Building)
MDV19787Related to: Poltimore House, Deerpark (Monument)
MDV49339Related to: Poltimore House, Stables (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1678 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV1679 - Poltimore House: historical landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Jan 21 2015 2:24PM