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HER Number:MDV4991
Name:Stone row 450 meters north of Sharpitor

Summary

Stone alignment on Walkhampton Common that includes nine stones including three pairs measuring between 0.1 metres and 0.3 metres high. The pairs are so close set that this double row is narrower than any other known example. The eastern end of the row is 6 metres from the Walkhampton Common reave (MDV15038) and it is likely that the original eastern extent of the row was removed during the building of the reave.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 561 707
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 46
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/99
  • Old SAM Ref: 22270
  • Pastscape: 440158

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1906, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part VII, 535 (Article in Serial). SDV277335.


Worth, R. H., 1923, 42nd Report of the Barrow Committee, 50 (Article in Serial). SDV272438.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 296-7, Row number 26 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Stone row, Sharpitor. At the foot of eastern slope, at the foot of Goatstone Hill, approximately 90 metres from the junction of the track to Routrundle with the road to Princetown is a short double row, consisting of only a few pairs of stones 36.0 metres long. These pairs are so close set that the row is narrower than any other known example. One pair of stones is 300 millimetres by 200 millimetres by 355 millimetres high and 230 millimetres by 200 millimetres by 400 millimetres high, the space between them being only 150 millimetres. The row starts with a ruined cairn at the western end.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE46, Plan (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV277331.

20/9/1950 A long and diligent search in this area failed to bring to light this antiquity. The whole cairn is covered with tall bracken.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 214-5 (Monograph). SDV231148.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

There are nine stones in the row, including three pairs, with an additional stone which seems to be displaced, all between 0.1 metres and 0.3 metres high. The eastern end of the row is terminated by a reave which has cut across and evidently destroyed any westward extension. Not visible on Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

The alignment extends almost due west for 26 metres from the cairn (see related record) and includes nine stones including three pairs. The stones are between 0.1 metres and 0.3 metres high and the pairs are so close set that this double row is narrower than any other known example. The eastern end of the row is 6 metres from the Walkhampton Common reave (MDV15038) and it is likely that the original eastern extent of the row was removed during the building of the reave.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 46.7 (Monograph). SDV137656.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Stone row' depicted on the modern map. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 23/08/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This monument includes a stone alignment, two round cairns and a length of Walkhampton Common reave lying in a valley between Sharpitor and Leeden Tors overlooking the valley of the River Meavy.
The alignment extends almost due east for 26m from the cairn and has nine stones including three pairs. The stones are between 0.1m and 0.3m high and the pairs are so close set that this double row is narrower than any other known Dartmoor example. The east end of the row is 6m from the Walkhampton Common reave and it is likely that the eastern extent of the row was removed during the building of the reave. See designation record for full details.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 23/08/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

A double row of stones extending for about 120 feet with a cairn at its western end. The average distance between the rows is 10 inches (citing Worth, R. H., 1906, 1923 and 1946).
A stone row, with a cairn at the west end at SX 56147078, extends almost due west for 26.0 metres to SX56167078.
There are nine stones in the row, including three pairs, with an additional stone which seems to be displaced, all between 0.1 metres and 0.3 metres high (see plan). The east end of the row is terminated by a reave (MDV15038) which has cut across and evidently destroyed any westward extension.
Row and cairns surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:2500; row also surveyed at 1:500 for archaeological records (citing Ordnance Survey, Quinnell, N. V., 28/05/80).
The stone alignment extends almost due east for 26 metres from the cairn and has nine stones including three pairs. Scheduled (citing Scheduled Monument Notification 4/11/1993).
A double stone alignment, unusual both for the much narrower spacing between the paired stones , 0.1 - 0.3 metres and for its exceptionally short length. Only 22.5 metres separates the final stone from the centre of the cairn at the upper end, apparently close to the original length of the row despite the lack of formal termination. Three pairs of stones remain in place as well as two unaccompanied slabs, the largest 0.45 metres in height, with space for at least one more missing pair in the centre. The terminal cairn is hardly recognisable, a few earth fast stones show through the turf but the much spread mound rises barely 0.2 metres above the surface. The other cairn is far better preserved, hollowed at the centre, lying north-east of the alignment and on the opposite side of the reave. (see large scale drawing) (citing Butler, J., 1994).
The cairns and the stone row are becoming overgrown; some gorse occurs in the vicinity. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale. (citing Fletcher, M. J., English Heritage Field Investigation, 11/05/2007)

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 46.7.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 214-5.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE46. Oakford Archaeology. Card Index. Plan.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 296-7, Row number 26.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1923. 42nd Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 55. Unknown. 50.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1906. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part VII. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. Digital. 535.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 1992.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 23/08/2016.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 23/08/2016.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV50703Related to: Cairn at west end of alignment between Sharpitor and Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV3762Related to: Double stone row 350 meters north-west of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV14309Related to: Round cairn on Walkhampton Common lying east of the reave (Monument)
MDV3761Related to: Single stone row 350 meters north-west of Sharpitor (Monument)
MDV15038Related to: The Walkhampton Common Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 23 2016 4:29PM