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HER Number:MDV5836
Name:One of two cairns east of Higher White Tor

Summary

The western of a pair of cairns. Composed of medium-size stones, measuring 9.6 metres east to west and 8.2 metres north to south and standing 0.8 metres high. Has a central depression 3.0 metres, 0.3 metres deep; spoil from it has produced a slight widening of the eastern arc, with two piles of removed stones adjacent.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 627 786
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/4
  • Old SAM Ref: 28719

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Burnard, R., 1890, Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens, 207 (Article in Serial). SDV265355.


Prowse, A. B., 1891, The Ancient Metropolis of Dartmoor, 314 (Article in Serial). SDV245176.


Baring Gould, S., 1901, Seventh Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 137 (Article in Serial). SDV249499.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67NW7 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV265208.

Remains of two cairns. Cairn A. Composed of turf covered stones. Has been despoiled on the top but not to the extent of the other cairn, otherwise in fairly good condition. Diameter 8.0 metres, height 0.8 metres (Recorded 5/9/1950).


Royal Air Force, 1951, RAF 540/483, 4048 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262763.


Royal Air Force, 1964, F63/58/6399, 30-1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV229824.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 148, Lydford 43 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Visited 22/7/1972 by L.V. Ggrinsell and N. Beach) SX6270 7866. South-west of Archerton.
Cairn, large, hollow near centre, with probable remains of a retaining circle. Diameter 10 metres, height 1.2 metres.
Excavations c.1900 revealed central pit filled with wood charcoal, which 'probably originally contained burnt bones'.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on 1951 Royal Air Force aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 149225, 17/9/1998 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

One of two cairns 720 metres east of Higher White Tor (at SX62707866). Diameter 7.7 metres, height 0.8 metres. Central pit 2.0 metres by 1.5 metres by 0.2 metres deep. Grass and gorse covered mound with edge set stones around the south edge which probably represent a kerb. A rectangular spoil dump lying 5.0 metres east-north-east of the cairn measures 5.0 metres by 2.5 metres and up to 0.3 metres high.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two round cairns situated on a south facing slope overlooking the valley of the Cherry Brook. The western cairn survives as a 7.7m diameter and 0.8m high mound with a number of edge set stones around the southern perimeter which indicate the presence of a kerb, which survives elsewhere as a buried feature. The second cairn lies 90m to the south east and survives as a 10m diameter and 1.3m high mound surrounded by a stone kerb. Both mounds were excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1900 and this work revealed charcoal filled pits cut into the original ground surface beneath the cairns. The pit under the eastern cairn also contained some burnt bone. The hollows visible in the centre of each mound are the result of this investigation as is a small spoil dump adjacent to the western mound.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

Two subcircular cairns situated at SX 62697865 A and B on a moderate southern slope between the Cherry brook and a tributary. They occupy a prominent position which commands the Cherrybrook valley.
A: A cairn composed of medium-size stones, partly covered in wortleberry, measuring 9.6 metres east to west and 8.2 metres north to south and standing 0.8 metres high.
A central depression is 3 metres across and 0.3 metres deep; spoil from it has produced a slight widening of the eastern arc, with two piles of removed stones adjacent. One is amorphous, the second is a rectangular mound 5.5 metres long, 2.5 metres wide and 0.4 metres high (citing Pattison, P., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 19/07/1989).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. F63/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 30-1.
  • Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1891. The Ancient Metropolis of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 23. 314.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1901. Seventh Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Digital. 137.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. RAF 540/483. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 4048.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67NW7. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 207.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 148, Lydford 43.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 149225, 17/9/1998.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #96042 ]
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV5838Related to: Cairn and cist 875 metres north west of Arch Tor (Monument)
MDV5837Related to: One of two cairns east of Higher White Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2017 10:33AM