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HER Number:MDV5837
Name:One of two cairns east of Higher White Tor

Summary

The eastern of a pair of cairns, measures 9.4 metres diameter and 1.1 metre high. Was excavated around 1900 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee and has a central depression 2.8 metres across 1.0 metre deep. This work revealed a pit filled with wood charcoal, which `probably originally contained burnt bones'.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 627 786
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67NW7
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/5
  • Old SAM Ref: 28719.02(P)
  • Pastscape: 442528

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Prowse, A. B., 1891, The Ancient Metropolis of Dartmoor, 314 (Article in Serial). SDV245176.


Baring Gould, S., 1901, Seventh Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 137 (Article in Serial). SDV249499.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX67NW7 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV265208.

Remains of two cairns. Cairn B. Composed of turf covered stones. Has been opened in the past leaving a hollow centre 0.7 metres deep but with no signs of a cist. The general condition is quite good. Diameter 9.5 metres, height 1.0 metres (recorded 5/9/1950).


Royal Air Force, 1951, RAF 540/483, 4048 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262763.


Royal Air Force, 1964, F63/58/6399, 30-1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV229824.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 148 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Lydford 44 (South-west of Archerton) SX6279 7863. Visited 22/7/1972 by N. Beach and L.V. Grinsell.
Cairn with slight hollow near the centre. Excavated c.1900. Central depression contained burnt bones and wood charcoal. Diameter 8.0 metres, height 1.0 metres.
(The records of Lydford 43 and 44 may have been transposed by the excavator as the measurements given by him seem to be reversed) Citing Prowse, 1891, 31 and Baring-Gould, 1901, 137.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on 1951 Royal Air Force aerial photograph.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 149226, 17/9/1998 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

SX62787862. One of two cairns 800 metres east of Higher White Tor. Round cairn. Diameter 10 metres, height 1.3 metres. Central pit 2.4 metres by 2.0 metres by 0.7 metres deep. Grass and bilberry covered mound with edge set stones around the perimeter indicating the presence of a kerb. The stony core of the mound is visible within the central depression.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two round cairns situated on a south facing slope overlooking the valley of the Cherry Brook. The western cairn survives as a 7.7m diameter and 0.8m high mound with a number of edge set stones around the southern perimeter which indicate the presence of a kerb, which survives elsewhere as a buried feature. The second cairn lies 90m to the south east and survives as a 10m diameter and 1.3m high mound surrounded by a stone kerb. Both mounds were excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1900 and this work revealed charcoal filled pits cut into the original ground surface beneath the cairns. The pit under the eastern cairn also contained some burnt bone. The hollows visible in the centre of each mound are the result of this investigation as is a small spoil dump adjacent to the western mound.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

Two subcircular cairns situated at SX 62697865 A and B on a moderate southern slope between the Cherry brook and a tributary. They occupy a prominent position which commands the Cherrybrook valley.
B: Composition as A (MDV5836), 9.4 metres diameter and 1.1 metre high. A central depression 2.8 metres across cuts down 1.0 metre into the mound.
Diameter 10 metres height 1.2 metres. Cairn with large hollow in centre and probable remains of retaining circle. Excavated in approximately 1900 revealed pit filled with wood charcoal, which `probably originally contained burnt bones'.
Grinsell has transposed the grid references and measurements of this site and SX67NW/4 (citing Pattison, P., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 19/07/1989).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. F63/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 30-1.
  • Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1891. The Ancient Metropolis of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 23. 314.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1901. Seventh Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Digital. 137.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. RAF 540/483. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 4048.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX67NW7. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 148.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 149226, 17/9/1998.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV5838Related to: Cairn and cist 875 metres north west of Arch Tor (Monument)
MDV5836Related to: One of two cairns east of Higher White Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV6638 - Charcoal (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC? to 701 BC)
  • FDV6637 - HUMAN REMAINS? (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC?)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2017 10:12AM