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HER Number:MDV5875
Name:Cairn with cist on the east facing slope of Lakehead Hill

Summary

Cairn consists of an 18 metre diameter mound standing up to 0.6 metreds high. On the eastern, western and southern sides of the mound several edge set stones indicate the presence of a kerb. The profile of the mound may suggest the survival of an inner ring bank, although this may be the result of partial early excavation or robbing. The centre of the mound has certainly been disturbed and in one of the resultant hollows there is a substantial cist, denoted by two edge slabs standing 0.75 metres apart and up to 0.95 metres high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 647 773
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 NW 30
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/29
  • Old SAM County Ref: 887
  • Old SAM Ref: 28688

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CIST (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • ROUND CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=8/1/1952 (os) this is a tumulus containing a cist, which consists of 2 parallel side stones. Tumulus is c 8.0m in diameter.


GRINSELL + SPOONER, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV264664.

Vis=14/10/1975 (grinsell + spooner) diameter 14.5m, height 0.5m. Remains of double (?) retaining circle of cist placed se/nw, of which only the side slabs remain.


LENG 1.6M, HEIG 0.9M, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264684.

Tumulus. Cist with associated cairn. Cairn diam 14.6m, cist stone (leng 1.6m, heig 0.9m) spooner/dixon report (1955) site no.4. In bellever plantation, dnp field report site no.16a.


NMR CITING OS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264689.

The stone row which falls in an afforested area could not be identified and has probably been destroyed (nmr citing os).


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264691.

Cairn, but not cist, visible in an area left unwooded on 1951 raf ap (rchm app 1985).


NMR CITING OS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264692.

The stone row which falls in an afforested area could not be identified and has probably been destroyed (nmr citing os).


NMR CITING NEWMAN, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264694.

Maximum diameter of the spread of cairn material is 18m and the height is up to 0.6m. It is made up of a mixture of stone and earth and the remains are now turf-covered. The original profile cannot be determined as the whole of the upper surface has been heavily disturbed by early investigators, leaving a series of mounds and pits. A large trench 7m long by up to 5m wide and 0.4m deep has been cut from the w edge of the cairn, towards the central area. It connects to a second hollow dug at the very centre of the cairn exposing 2 granite slabs which form opposite sides of a cist. The slabs are both 1.7m by 0.6m by 0.2m thick and , oriented nw-se. Five stones of a kerb are visible in around the s + sw arc of the circumference and further examples may have survived, beneath the cairn material. The stone row was not traced (nmr citing newman).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264699.

Anon/tda/28(1896)183/3rd. Report of the dartmoor exploration committee.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264700.

Worth, r. H. /tda/67(1935)78 pl.4/54th report on barrows.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264701.

Dixon, c. E. B. /tda/84(1952)252/70th. Report on barrows,no.63.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264702.

Dnp/conservation of ancient monuments ms field report/(1976).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264703.

Osa=sx67nw35/plan,photograph.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV264705.

Aph=540/483/3046-7(24/4/1951).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264704.

Grinsell, l. V. /pdas/36(1978)149/lydford 57.


RCHM, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV7666.

Vis=22/11/1993 (rchm) large cairn with central cist, sited on the e upper slope of lakehead hill within an area of conifer plantation. Cairn lies within a forest clearing and is accessible via a track from the main ns forest path.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264710.

Butler, j. /dartmoor atlas of antiquities/5(1997)184;fig 127.


Turner, J. R., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV37204.

Indication of a stone ring/ring cairn beneath cairn (turner).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264708.

Des=newman, p. /(22/11/1993)/rchme field investigation.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV264706.

Turner, j. R. /pdas/48(1990)83.


Gerrard, S., 2000-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report, MPP 140580, 8/7/1997 (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

A cairn and cist on east-facing slope of Lakehead Hill forming part of a ritual complex. Round cairn measures 18 metres in diameter, height 0.6 metres. Cist measures 1.6 metres by 0.75 metres. At least five hollows in mound indicate early excavation. On east, west and south sides several edge set stones represent kerb. Shape of mound may suggest survival of an inner ring bank although this may be an illusion caused by later disturbance. Lies within a clearing in area which has been clear felled. Grass and heather covering. Managed area defined by nine white plastic markers. Western stone of cist is 0.95 metres high, east one 0.85 metres high. No sign of row described by earlier workers.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2014, Bellever: An Archaeological Landscape (Leaflet). SDV357070.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes two cairns, each with a cist and a stone hut circle lying on a gentle east facing slope on Lakehead Hill.
The northern cairn survives as an 18m diameter mound standing up to 0.6m high. On the eastern, western and southern sides of the mound several edge set stones indicate the presence of a kerb. The profile of the mound may suggest the survival of an inner ring bank, although this may be the result of partial early excavation or robbing. The centre of the mound has certainly been disturbed and in one of the resultant hollows there is a substantial cist, denoted by two edge slabs standing 0.75m apart and up to 0.95m high.
For details on the other features; see related records.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 2000-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown. MPP 140580, 8/7/1997.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Migrated Record: NMR CITING OS.
  • Report - Survey: GRINSELL + SPOONER.
  • Migrated Record: LENG 1.6M, HEIG 0.9M.
  • Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record: NMR CITING OS.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record: NMR CITING NEWMAN.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Aerial Photograph:
  • Migrated Record: RCHM.
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record: Turner, J. R..
  • Migrated Record:
  • Migrated Record:
  • Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2014. Bellever: An Archaeological Landscape. Dartmoor National Park Authority Publication. A5 Stapled.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV5879Related to: Cairn with cist 608 metres west-south-west of Bellever (Monument)
MDV112862Related to: Possible cairns on Lakehead Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 24 2015 11:30AM