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HER Number:MDV5879
Name:Cairn with cist 608 metres west-south-west of Bellever

Summary

Southern of two cists to east of trackway on south side of Lakehead Hill. The cist, which lies in a small cairn 4.5 metres diameter, is orientated north-north-west to south-south-east. Only three sides of the cist survive; the cap stone has also gone. It was excavated in 1914 when a pit containing charcoal was found.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 647 771
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/32
  • Old SAM County Ref: 965
  • Old SAM Ref: 28688.2

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Probert, S. A. J., 14/11/1993, Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation (Un-published). SDV264677.

Cist lies slightly north-west of the centre of a low mound, probably the remains of an enclosing cairn. The latter is quite faint and irregular measuring about 4.5 metres in diameter and a maximum of 0.25 metres high. The site is protected by a ring of antiquity markers.


Worth, R. H., 1914, Thirty Third Report on Barrows, 93 (Article in Serial). SDV357807.


Worth, R. H., 1936, Fifty Fifth Report on Barrows, 50, Fig. 8, Pl. 6 (Article in Serial). SDV357808.


Dixon, C. E. B., 1952, 70th Report on Barrows, 251 (Article in Serial). SDV357809.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952-1979, SX67NW38 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV264665.

Site visit 8th January 1952. The remains of the cist consists of three stone slabs forming the sides of a chamber and surrounded by a mound. Not trace of stone circle. Mound very low and ill-defined
Site visit 19th November 1979. Remains of cist with one endstone and coverstone missing. Protrudes slightly above surface with open end towards north-west. Measures 1.1 metres by 0.7 metres by 0.4 metres deep and is in fair condition. No trace of cairn.


Turner, J. R., 1976, Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Field Report (Report - non-specific). SDV351823.

Bellever Plantation. Lakehead 18A. Spooner and Dixon 1955 Report: lakehead - Bellever-Laughter Site No. 1.
Kist, northern end stone and capstone missing. The two side stones are 1.22 metrea dn 1.14 metres in length, the southern end stone, 1.28 metres long. Excavated in 1914 when a circular pit, 0.35 metres diameter and 0.27 metres deep containing charcoal was discovered.
Not planted over. Five posts ringing clearance zone. Trees outside post ring are within falling distance of kist.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 150 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 14th October 1975. In clearing. Approached by path from main north-south trackway. Traces of cairn enclosing cist placed south-east to north-west. North-west end slab missing. Excavated by Burnard in 1914. Within the cist was a circular pit containing charcoal, which was also found elsewhere in the cist.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1951 RAF aerial photo.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 51 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Smith, N., 1992, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas 1992 (Un-published). SDV351819.

Bellever 18A. Kist in clearing near track. Vegetation currently managed. Site marked by posts. No trees within marked out area. Stability of site good. Recommended that present good management scheme be maintained. Photos.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 140581 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 8th July 1997. A cist on the east facing slope of Lakehead Hill forming part of a ritual complex cairn diam 4.5 metres, height 0.2 metres. Cist 1.1 metres by 0.75 metres by 0.42 metres deep. A 3-sided cist aligned 330 degrees. The north-north-west stone is missing. Situated within a small clearing, some grass and moss but predominantly covered in pine needles. There is a second parallel slab on the
A 1 metre wide, 0.2 metre high rubble bank lies 32 metres west-north-west from the cist and is exposed in the path leading to the cist. The bank is 5 metres long and curves gently but no sign of it within the neighbouring trees. Ground level within the path is 0.3 metres lower than surrounding area and this may explain the appearance of this feature which survives elsewhere as a buried feature.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1996, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996 (Un-published). SDV351820.

Site visit 24th September 1996. Site marked by one post. Cist may suffer damage from tree roots close by. More posts are needed to mark the site. Photo.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2014, Bellever: An Archaeological Landscape (Leaflet). SDV357070.


English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England, 1018511 (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

Two cairns with two cists and a stone hut circle on the east facing slope of Lakehead Hill forming part of a ritual complex.
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.
As well as the round cairns within this ritual complex on Lakehead Hill, there are two stone alignments and at least three cists. Together with other funerary sites in the vicinity, this area contains considerable evidence for ritual activity in this part of Bronze Age Dartmoor.
Details: The southern cairn survives as a small 4.5m diameter mound standing up to 0.2m high. In the centre of the cairn is a three sided cist, orientated NNW to SSE, measuring internally 1.1m long by 0.75m wide and 0.42m deep. When this cist was part excavated in 1914 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee a pit containing charcoal was found. (See schedule description for details of other monuments within scheduled area).


Department of Environment, April 1975, Kist SE of Lakehead Hill, DV965 (Schedule Document). SDV357806.

Stone kist, 4 feet by 2 feet, end slabs overlapping side ones. No sign of surrounding cairn. Excavated 1914. In clearing in forest plantation.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 51.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952-1979. SX67NW38. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Un-published: Probert, S. A. J.. 14/11/1993. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigations. Unknown.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 150.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 140581.
  • Leaflet: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2014. Bellever: An Archaeological Landscape. Dartmoor National Park Authority Publication. A5 Stapled.
  • Schedule Document: Department of Environment. April 1975. Kist SE of Lakehead Hill. Ancient Monuments Record Form. Photocopy. DV965.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1914. Thirty Third Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 46. Unknown. 93.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1936. Fifty Fifth Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 68. Unknown. 50, Fig. 8, Pl. 6.
  • Report - non-specific: Turner, J. R.. 1976. Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Field Report. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. A4 Comb Bound.
  • Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
  • Un-published: Smith, N.. 1992. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas 1992. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology with Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1018511.
  • Article in Serial: Dixon, C. E. B.. 1952. 70th Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. Unknown. 251.

Associated Monuments

MDV5875Related to: Cairn with cist on the east facing slope of Lakehead Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6216 - Condition Surveys of Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land

Date Last Edited:Jul 24 2015 10:56AM