HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV5935
Name:Cairn with cist on north-western side of Roundy Park enclosure

Summary

Adjacent to the north-western side of Roundy Park enclosure is a cairn containing a cist. The cairn survives as a 5.5 metre diameter stony mound standing up to 0.8 metres high. A large cist denoted by seven edge slabs stands within the mound and measures 1.5 metres long by 1.2 metres wide and 0.7 metres deep. The cist is orientated north-north-east by south-south-west and is covered by two large slabs. The present form of the cist is the result of restoration work carried out by Robert Burnard, whose 1893 excavation revealed two small flint flakes and some burnt bones. A number of large edge stones around the western, southern and eastern sides of the cist represent a kerb.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 639 796
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 NW 2
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/65
  • Old SAM County Ref: 509
  • Old SAM Ref: 34491
  • Pastscape: 442513

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Burnard, R., 1894, Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth, 55-7 (Monograph). SDV232119.


Burnard, R., 1895, Dartmoor Kistvaens, 162-4 (Monograph). SDV249696.


Rowe, S., 1896, Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 197 (Monograph). SDV249697.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 112, Plate II (after Burnard) (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

A large kisvaen discovered by Mr R. Burnard at Roundy Park, Postbridge, measures 6 feet 6 inches in length and 3 feet 9 inches in width (internally). In this case it took three stones to build one of the long sides and two the other, both ends are formed from single slabs.


Ordnance Survey, 1950, SX67NW2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV249684.

Kistvaen, Roundy Park, Postbridge. Visited 23/06/1950 - Worth's description (1902) and measurements are correct. It is a very large kistvaen with the two coverstones in place. Present depth of the kistvaen is 0.9 metres. There are several large stones surrounding the kistvaen which may be the remains of a retaining circle. The barrow in which the kistvaen is contained is approximately 5.4 metres in diameter, 0.3 metres high.


Ancient Monuments, 1962, Cist by Roundy Park enclosure (Schedule Document). SDV249683.

Large sub-megalithic cist, with two cover stones. Partly overlaid by the remains of a dry stone walled pound, possibly prehistoric. This construction will have removed any remains of a cairn which may have covered the cairn originally. Good condition.


Pettit, P., 1974, Prehistoric Dartmoor, 72, plate (Monograph). SDV231149.

Cist consists of nine stones, unlike any other kist on Dartmoor, and megalithic influence is clear.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 147 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Barrow diameter 5.2 metres, height 0.3 metres. Cairn enclosing large cist placed north-east by south-west. Excavated by Burnard. Cist contained burnt bones, a flint scraper, and a flint implement thought to be a "crude arrow point". The cist is among the largest on Dartmoor and has two capstones in place about 0.7 metres above ground level. The cist is believed to be partly a 19th century reconstruction.


Pearce, S. M., 1981, The Archaeology of South West Britain, 85 (Monograph). SDV81689.


Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 111, 542 (Monograph). SDV249702.

The cist at Roundy Park was discovered in August 1893 by Robert Burnard, who was responsible for the restoration of the grave.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Visited 24/06/1983.


Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Visited 14/08/1986.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

'Cairn and cist' depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument includes a prehistoric enclosure and cairn with cist situated on an east facing slope overlooking the valley of the East Dart River.
Adjacent to the north western side of the enclosure is a cairn containing a cist. The cairn survives as a 5.5 metre diameter stony mound standing up to 0.8 metres high. A large cist denoted by seven edge slabs stands within the mound and measures 1.5 metres long by 1.2 metres wide and 0.7 metres deep. The cist is orientated north-north-east by south-south-west and is covered by two large slabs. The present form of the cist is the result of restoration work carried out by Robert Burnard, whose 1893 excavation revealed two small flint flakes and some burnt bones. A number of large edge stones around the western, southern and eastern sides of the cist represent a kerb.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

On the north west of and just outside the enclosure is a cairn with a well-preserved cist orientated south-south-west by north-north-east. The cairn has an average diameter of 5.5 metres, being not quite circular, and a height of 0.6 metres, with the remains of a peristalith incorporating prominent orthostats. The cist measures internally 2.0 metres by 1.2 metres with a depth of 0.7 metres. The two remaining cover-stones measure 1.4 metres by 1.3 metres and 1.0 metre by 0.8 metres respectively. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD (citing JGB, Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments, 05/09/1978).

Centred at SX 63917966 on gentle north-east facing slopes about 365 metres OD overlooking the East Dart River is a cairn measuring about 5.2 metres north-south by 4.2 metres with an irregular kerb of large contiguous stones.
Set slightly to the south-west of the centre is a cist supposedly one of the largest on Dartmoor. When found by Burnard in 1893 both and stones were in place and three side stones. Two side stones were prostrate, one in the cist the other outside. One cover stone had fallen in the cist whilst the other was a short distance from the cairn.
Excavation of the cist yielded two fragments of flint possibly an arrow point and a scraper. There was also some charcoal from bone. Trigging the south-west stone was a slightly fired `cooking stone'. Burnard resurrected the dislodged stones before making his plan, which conforms to its present state. The cist of 7 side slabs and 2 cover slabs measures internally 2.2 metres north-east by south-west by 1.2 metres and is 0.8 metres deep. Worth (1902) states that this cist had been restored `much too generously' even before Burnard found it so it may not be the original size. There is some small stone content about 0.4 metres high probably original between the kerb stones and the cist.
The south-west side of the cairn is overlaid by the tumble of a prehistoric enclosure wall its face clearly avoiding the kerb (citing Sainsbury, I. S., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 13/09/1989).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 112, Plate II (after Burnard).
  • Monograph: Pettit, P.. 1974. Prehistoric Dartmoor. Prehistoric Dartmoor. 72, plate.
  • Monograph: Burnard, R.. 1894. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. IV. Unknown. 55-7.
  • Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1962. Cist by Roundy Park enclosure. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey. 1950. SX67NW2.
  • Monograph: Burnard, R.. 1895. Dartmoor Kistvaens. Dartmoor Kistvaens. Reliquary 3S.1. Unknown. 162-4.
  • Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 197.
  • Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 111, 542.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 147.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
  • Monograph: Pearce, S. M.. 1981. The Archaeology of South West Britain. The Archaeology of South West Britain. Hardback Volume. 85.

Associated Monuments

MDV5936Related to: Roundy Park enclosure, 560 metres north-east of Archerton (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV6507 - ARROWHEAD? (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Bronze Age - 698000 BC to 701 BC?)
  • FDV6508 - SCRAPER (TOOL) (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Bronze Age - 698000 BC to 701 BC?)
  • FDV6510 - COOKING STONE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC? to 701 BC?)
  • FDV6509 - HUMAN REMAINS? (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC?)

Associated Events

  • EDV643 - RCHME Field Investigation

Date Last Edited:Jun 6 2017 12:26PM