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HER Number:MDV6122
Name:Stone circle, Scorhill Down

Summary

Scorhill stone circle measures 27 meters in diameter and comprises 23 upright granite slabs standing up to 2.25 meters high. A further 11 recumbent stones lie where they have fallen and one of these has been subjected to splitting. Circle is associated with three cairns and a length of reave situated on a gentle south west facing slope overlooking the valley of the North Teign River.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 654 873
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 443556
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/12
  • Old SAM County Ref: 387
  • Old SAM Ref: 28715

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Petrie, W. F., Untitled Source, 31, 333 (Monograph). SDV273994.

Other details: Manuscript?.


Wilkinson, J. G., 1860, The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England, 114 (Article in Serial). SDV273188.


Wilkinson, J. G., 1862, On British Remains on Dartmoor, 24, 26 (Article in Serial). SDV277122.

Among the finest and most accessible of the free standing stone circles on Dartmoor. At present there are 23 stones standing and 7 fallen; originally the circle may have contained 65-70 stones. Wilkinson records the Scorhill circle as a noted example of a sacred circle. It has a diameter of 27 meters.


Burnard, R., 1902, The Disappearing Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 167 (Article in Serial). SDV282719.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Gidleigh Circle (stone circle) (remains of)' marked on 1906 map.


1925, Untitled Source, 21 (Article in Serial). SDV7135.

Other details: Proceedings at the Annual Meeting.


Worth, R. H., 1932, The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown), 279-282 (Article in Serial). SDV239731.

Much robbed stone circle. Well placed and commands extensive view. Discrepancies in number of stones in circle as counted by different writers. Some stones from the circle have been used in a peat bank. Other details: Plate 11-12.


Tyler, F. C., 1932 - 1933, Scorhill Circle, Dartmoor, 258-261 (Article in Serial). SDV273993.

Counted 30 stones. Should be 31. He compares his findings with plan made by Petrie in 1879 (misnamed Buttern Hill), and others of 19th century date. He questions Worth's mention of spoilation and discusses the arrangement of the stones.


Worth, R. H., 1932 - 1933, Scorhill Circle, Dartmoor, 261-263 (Article in Serial). SDV273992.

In reply to Tyler, Worth refers to oral information suggesting that stones from the circle have been removed especially for gateposts. At least five stones are built into the nearby leat.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 448 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 248-254 (Monograph). SDV231148.

Scorhill stone circle, a freestanding stone circle 26.8 meters in diameter, consisting of 23 standing stones and 7 fallen stones, probably early Bronze Age. The tallest stone is 2.4 meters in height and the smallest 0.8 meters in height. The stones are close-set; 0.6 – 0.9 meters apart. Other details: Plate 49-50, Figure 80 (plan).


Fox, A., 1957, The Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor, 158 (Article in Serial). SDV304214.

Fox mentions that it can be seen from the alignments on Shovel Down.


Grinsell, L. V., 1970, Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England, 28 (Monograph). SDV304192.

Other details: Plate 25.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX68NE26 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV273986.

Although previously named 'Gidleigh Circle', it is now commonly called 'Scorhill Circle'. Generally in good condition and as described by Worth in 1953. One additional fallen stone in the north-western quadrant.


National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1510, 389-391 (Aerial Photograph). SDV273995.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on 1979 National Monuments Record aerial photograph.


Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

(Site visited 1/9/1986) Field Monument Warden visit.


Devon County Council, 1987, ID, 10-11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274000.


Barnatt, J., 1987, The Design and Distribution of Stone Circles in Britain (Un-published). SDV273998.

Circle possibly originally had 60-65 stones. A new stone has been added since 1932.


Devon County Council, 1989, LT, 11-13 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274001.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54,55,56,60,80 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Stone circle 26.8 meters in diameter. 24 stones, 9 fallen, others in leat wall. Thin, tapering stone, 2.5 meters high, positioned to the north-west when viewed from centre of circle aligns with standing stone at Whitemoor stone circle. Isolated site, set within natural amphitheatre. Other details: G6.


Devon County Council, 1990, TU, 15 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274002.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 193 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Other details: Figure 38.1.


Griffiths, D. M., 1995, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV273987.

Condition survey carried out. A number of stones have hollows at their bases.


Gerrard, S., 1998, Untitled Source, 149160 (Un-published). SDV274003.

Scorhill stone circle (SX65458738). Stone circle, three cairns and a length of reave. Several old tracks lead through the circle. Recumbent stone on the south-west has been subjected to tare and feather cutting with three stones being clearly visible. Stones stand up to 2.25 meters high. Several stones arranged into groups of three which are relatively close to each other. Low grass. Stones at the time of the visit appeared stable with no significant animal poaching.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Stone circle is depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this Source.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

The monument, which falls into three areas, includes a stone circle, three cairns and a length of reave situated on a gentle south west facing slope overlooking the valley of the North Teign River.
The stone circle measures 27 meters in diameter and is denoted by 23 upright granite slabs standing up to 2.25 meters high. A further 11 recumbent stones lie where they have fallen and one of these has been subjected to splitting. (scheduled 1959, amended 1999). Other details: SAM ID: 28715.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 193.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54,55,56,60,80.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 248-254.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932. The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. Unknown. 279-282.
  • Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1860. The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 16. Unknown. 114.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX68NE26. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Report - Survey: Griffiths, D. M.. 1995. Dartmoor National Park Authority Report. Unknown.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932 - 1933. Scorhill Circle, Dartmoor. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 17. Unknown. 261-263.
  • Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1932 - 1933. Scorhill Circle, Dartmoor. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 17. Unknown. 258-261.
  • Monograph: Petrie, W. F.. Ancient Earthworks in England. Unknown. 31, 333.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1510. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 389-391.
  • Un-published: Barnatt, J.. 1987. The Design and Distribution of Stone Circles in Britain. University of Sheffield Thesis. A4 Comb Bound.
  • Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1987. ID. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10-11.
  • Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1989. LT. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 11-13.
  • Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1990. TU. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 15.
  • Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 1998. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Unknown. 149160.
  • Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1862. On British Remains on Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 18. Unknown. 24, 26.
  • Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1902. The Disappearing Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. Unknown. 167.
  • Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Discovering Regional Archaeology: South Western England. Unknown. 28.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 448.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1957. The Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor. Archaeological Journal. 114. 158.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
  • Article in Serial: 1925. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 57. A5 Hardback. 21.

Associated Monuments

MDV6168Related to: Alignment A on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV80494Related to: Gidleigh Common Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 16 2018 9:29AM