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HER Number:MDV6171
Name:Alignment B on Shovel Down

Summary

One of a group of probably Bronze Age stone alignments. A double stone row measuring approximately 175 metres in length, with around 40 stones recorded in the late 1970s. The south end is aligned on a cairn 'Fourfold Circle' (MDV6158) and separated from it by two massive fallen stones, one 'needle-shaped' and similar to the 'Longstone' (MDV6149), southern terminal of stone row 'E' (MDV6179).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 659 861
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishGidleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGIDLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 68 NE 16
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/46
  • Old SAM County Ref: 144
  • Old SAM Ref: 28663
  • Pastscape: 443524

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Unknown, Undated image of Shovel Down stone rows (Photograph). SDV274189.


Ormerod, G. W., 1857-1858, On some British and druidical remains in the parishes of Chagford and Gidleigh, 23 plan (Article in Serial). SDV274183.

Traced for 152 metres. Described as very imperfect.


Wilkinson, J. G., 1860, The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England, 113 (Article in Serial). SDV273188.

Terminates in two large stones that are now thrown down. Wilkinson appears to have noted the fallen stones at the south end, but also describes its northern limit as being marred by two large stones, a length of about 170 metres is given.


Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 504-505 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.


Worth, R. H., 1932, The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown), 284, fig, plate 13 (Article in Serial). SDV239731.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 301 plate 37, Row 34 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Shuggledown A. The eastern row of the group is double. Has been much robbed. Only 12 pairs of stones and 15 single left in the whole length. No special feature at northern end, at the southern end the row ends in a fourfold retaining circle. Two fallen stones next to the circle are the largest in the row, 3.5 metres and 3.3 metres long respectively. The larger has been adopted as a boundary stone of Chagford parish. Southward from the circle approximately in line with the row and 20 metres from the circle centre is a small barrow.


Fox, A., 1957, Cairns and stone alignments on Shovel Down, 155-158 (Article in Serial). SDV348211.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX68NE16 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV274181.

Visited 13/06/1974 and 16/7/1974. Stone row B SX65958620 to SX65958602. A double row, 175 metres long of which only nine stones remain in the northern 140 metres. The southern end is aligned on a cairn (SX68NE17) and separated from it by two massive fallen stones, one similar to the 'Longstone' (SX68NE39) terminal of rows 'E'.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1976, Report and plan of the Shovel Down stone rows (Report - Survey). SDV274180.

Row A-B. 48 stones recorded, 11 pairs, no stones visible north of Worth’s northernmost point.


Walrond, L. F. J., 1976, Shovel Down stone rows (Correspondence). SDV274168.

Row A-B. 39 stones counted including 15 pairs, details in letter.


National Monument Record, 1977, NMR SX6586, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV220197.


National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX6685, 10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV254388.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.


Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/LT, 8-10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346554.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 143943, 1997 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Stone row No 2 on Butler’s plan. Runs from SX65948619 to SX65948602. Two large recumbent stones lie at south-western end. The largest has 'GP' inscribed on it.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 181; Fig 36.10 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Depicted by Butler.


Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Shovel Down stone rows notes (Personal Comment). SDV274190.

Shovel Down 34. Runs from SX65958601 to SX65958619. Approximately 180 metres long.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

'Stone Rows (remains of)' depicted on the modern mapping, generally in accurate positions, when compared with the Royal Commission survey (1991) and aerial photograph information.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

See designation record for details.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape (Website). SDV360651.

Original field work of July 1974 was supplemented by minor revision in July 1978 following a report (1976, Greeves) of a new single stone row location (see Row 'J'), and additional stones made visible by peat shrinkage during the very long summer drought of 1976. Stones range in height from those just visible as stumps at ground level to up to about 1.0 metres and the 'standing' angles vary from the vertical to near recumbent. The definite possibility exists that further stones will be located, and the present stone count (July 78) cannot be considered as final.
B: SX 65958620 to SX 65958602. A double row (39 stones visible July '78) of which only ten stones remain in the northern 140.0 metres. The sockets of a further 11 stones were clearly defined (July '78) in this latter extent, as squarish surface depressions emphasised by a very strong grass growth.
The south end is aligned on a cairn 'Fourfold Circle' (SX 68 NE 17) and separated from it by two massive fallen stones, one 'needle-shaped' and similar to the 'Longstone' (SX 68 NE 39), southern terminal of stone row 'E' (citing Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments 16/07/74, amended 1978).
A complex of four double stone rows A, B, C and E-F and one single row D-G-H-J. They lie between 398 metres and 425 metres Ordnance Datum on north facing slopes between Chagford Common and Shovel Down.
A 1:200 survey was carried out in August 1991. The survey revealed fewer stones than were recorded in 1978, but no probing was done. The rows are generally as described by the Ordnance Survey in 1974, but an updated description is held in the archive.
The general preservation of the complex is good. However, some peat cutting has taken place and stones have been removed for the newtake walls at Batworthy Corner and Thornworthy Corner.
All the double rows have foci of some kind:
B has the fourfold circle at its southern end and two recumbent monoliths (SX 68 NE 17) (citing Wilson-North, R., 19/09/1991, Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 181; Fig 36.10.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1977. NMR SX6586. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932. The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. Unknown. 284, fig, plate 13.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 301 plate 37, Row 34.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX6685. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10.
  • Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1860. The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 16. Unknown. 113.
  • Correspondence: Walrond, L. F. J.. 1976. Shovel Down stone rows. Letter. Digital.
  • Report - Survey: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1976. Report and plan of the Shovel Down stone rows. dartmoor National Park Authority. Digital.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX68NE16. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1857-1858. On some British and druidical remains in the parishes of Chagford and Gidleigh. Transactions of the Plymouth Institute. 1. 23 plan.
  • Photograph: Unknown. Undated image of Shovel Down stone rows. Digital.
  • Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Shovel Down stone rows notes. Not Applicable.
  • Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 504-505.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 143943, 1997.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/LT. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 8-10.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1957. Cairns and stone alignments on Shovel Down. Archaeological Journal. 114. Unknown. 155-158.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #112404 ]
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV6168Related to: Alignment A on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV14875Related to: Alignment C on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6179Related to: Alignment E on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV14881Related to: Alignment H on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV14882Related to: Alignment J on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6158Related to: Fourfold circle on Shovel Down, Chagford (Monument)
MDV6149Related to: Longstone on Shovel Down, Chagford Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6198 - Geophysical Survey on Shovel Down and Kes Tor

Date Last Edited:Jul 16 2018 10:34AM