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HER Number:MDV6179
Name:Alignment E on Shovel Down

Summary

One of a group of stone alignments on Shovel Down, thought to date to the Bronze Age. A double stone row measuring approximately 150 metres in length, with 83 stones recorded in the late 1970s; over 20 pairs. Badly robbed at the southern end, it terminates at the Longstone (MDV6149). Row F (MDV6148) is probably a continuation of this row.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 660 857
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68NE16
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/57
  • Old SAM County Ref: 144
  • Old SAM Ref: 28663
  • Pastscape: 443524

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ormerod, G. W., 1857-1858, On some British and druidical remains in the parishes of Chagford and Gidleigh, 22 plan (Article in Serial). SDV274183.


Wilkinson, J. G., 1860, The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England, 113 (Article in Serial). SDV273188.

Wilkinson saw this row as continuous with row south of the Longstone (SX68NE/109) measured for about 140 metres, suggests that it may have continued to the cairn (SX68NE/60).


Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 504-505 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.


Worth, R. H., 1932, The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown), 287 plate 13, fig. 1-2, Row 37 (Article in Serial). SDV239731.

Shuggledown stone row 37G. Length 99 metres, approximately South 25 degrees from the cairn which forms the south extreme of row ‘C’ is the north end of another double row, terminating to the south in a fine menhir, known as the Longstone. Fairly complete at its northern end, but becomes ragged as it approaches the Longstone.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 302, plate 37 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.


Fox, A., 1957, Cairns and stone alignments on Shovel Down, 155-158 (Article in Serial). SDV348211.

Lady Fox refers to the whole Shovel Down complex as a sanctuary and suggests that all the monuments are contemporary with the Beaker period.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX68NE16 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV274181.

13/06/1974 and 16/07/1974. Stone row E (SX66028582 to SX66028567). A double row, 150 metres long and much robbed towards its southern termination at the 'Longstone'.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1976, Report and plan of the Shovel Down stone rows (Report - Survey). SDV274180.

Row running northwards from Longstone.
Greeves states its northernmost point seems to be as Worth planned it (Worth recorded 55, including 10 pairs). Greeves records 87 stones, including 22 pairs.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force 1947 aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 143946, 1997 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Stone row 5 on Butler’s plan. A 2 metre diameter, 0.4 metre deep pit lies a short distance north of the Long stone on the same alignment as this row and may represent the site of a stone which has been robbed.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 183; Fig 36.14 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Shovel Down stone rows notes, 22/3/1995 (Personal Comment). SDV274190.

Shovel Down 37. Runs from SX66028565 to SX66028581. Approximately 152 metres long.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

'Stone Rows (remains of)' depicted on the modern mapping, generally in accurate positions, when compared with the Royal Commission survey (1991) and aerial photograph information.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

See designation record for details.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape (Website). SDV360651.

Original field work of July 1974 was supplemented by minor revision in July 1978 following a report (1976, Greeves) of a new single stone row location (see Row 'J'), and additional stones made visible by peat shrinkage during the very long summer drought of 1976. Stones range in height from those just visible as stumps at ground level to up to about 1.0 metres and the 'standing' angles vary from the vertical to near recumbent. The definite possibility exists that further stones will be located, and the present stone count (July 78) cannot be considered as final.
Five double, and four single stone rows can be identified; others including Pettit's double row, appear to be mis-identifications of denuded probable Bronze Age reaves (see SX 68 NE 63) containing stone.
E: SX 66028582 to SX 66028567. A double row (83 stones visible July '78), 147.0 metres long, and much robbed towards its southern termination at the 'Longstone' (SX 68 NE 39) (citing Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments 16/07/74, amended 1978).
A complex of four double stone rows A, B, C and E-F and one single row D-G-H-J. They lie between 398 metres and 425 metres Ordnance Datum on north facing slopes between Chagford Common and Shovel Down.
All the double rows have foci of some kind: Row E-F has two pairs of pillar-like stones at its northern end, the long Stone within it (SX 68 NE 39) and the Three Boys (SX 68 NE 40), presumably a blocking feature at the southern end (citing Wilson-North, R., 19/09/1991, Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 183; Fig 36.14.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932. The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. Unknown. 287 plate 13, fig. 1-2, Row 37.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 302, plate 37.
  • Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1860. The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 16. Unknown. 113.
  • Report - Survey: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1976. Report and plan of the Shovel Down stone rows. dartmoor National Park Authority. Digital.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX68NE16. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1857-1858. On some British and druidical remains in the parishes of Chagford and Gidleigh. Transactions of the Plymouth Institute. 1. 22 plan.
  • Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Shovel Down stone rows notes. Not Applicable. 22/3/1995.
  • Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 504-505.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 143946, 1997.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1957. Cairns and stone alignments on Shovel Down. Archaeological Journal. 114. Unknown. 155-158.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #112408 ]
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV6168Related to: Alignment A on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6171Related to: Alignment B on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV14875Related to: Alignment C on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6145Related to: Alignment D on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6148Related to: Alignment F on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6181Related to: Alignment G on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV6149Related to: Longstone on Shovel Down, Chagford Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 17 2018 12:04PM