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HER Number:MDV6180
Name:The Three Boys, Shovel Down

Summary

A standing stone of Bronze Age date formerly one of three marking the southern end of a stone row. The stone measures 1.7 metres long, 0.8 metres wide and 0.3 metres thick. The two other stones are believed to have been taken for use as gateposts.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 660 854
Map Sheet:SX68NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68NE40
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68NE/58
  • Old SAM County Ref: 144
  • Old SAM Ref: 28663
  • Pastscape: 443598

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) CHAMBERED TOMB? (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))
  • STANDING STONE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ormerod, G. W., 1857-1858, On some British and druidical remains in the parishes of Chagford and Gidleigh, 23, plan (Article in Serial). SDV274183.


Wilkinson, J. G., 1860, The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England, 112-114 (Article in Serial). SDV273188.


Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 505 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.


Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Three Boys (Cromlech) (Remains of)' depicted on the late 19th century historic map.


Worth, R. H., 1930, Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 38-39 (Article in Serial). SDV231168.


Worth, R. H., 1932, The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown), 286 (Article in Serial). SDV239731.

The remaining "Boy" is now much out of the perpendicular, length above ground is about 1.5 metres.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 456 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 302-3, plate 37, (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

At a distance of 170 metres from the Longstone, due south, is an isolated stone, erect but leaning. It is the last of the three stones known as the Three Boys, the others are now gateposts to a neighbouring enclosure. The suggestion that they formed the supporters of a dolmen is unlikely as the remaining stone would be quite unsuitable for this purpose. They were probably three unusually large stones used to mark the end of the stone row (Row 38: MDV6148).


Fox, A., 1957, Cairns and stone alignments on Shovel Down, 155-158 (Article in Serial). SDV348211.

Lady Fox refers to the whole Shovel Down complex as a sanctuary and suggests that all the monuments are contemporary with the Beaker period.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1974, SX68NE40 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV273531.

SX66038549 'Three Boys' standing stones (one remaining). ?Terminal or blocking stone of stone row.
Visited 08/07/1974 The remaining stone of the Three Boys leans at 45 degrees to the north-north-east; it is 1.7 metres long, 0.8 metres wide and 0.3 metres thick. Packing stones are visible at its base. A surrounding het hollow, diameter 3.7 metres, depth 0.4 metres has been created by sheep. There is no trace of a mound.
The situation, shape and size of the stone strongly suggests that it formed a terminal/blocking-stone to the double stone row (MDV6148) which originally extended from the Three Boys to Long Stone. Published 1:2500 survey revised.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 144, 23/4/1973 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Three Boys. Formerly three standing stones, of which only one remains; probably the terminal of double stone row 38 recorded by Worth, but sometimes claimed as remains of burial chamber.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force 1947 aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 144084, 1997 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

The remaining stone is 1.6 metres by 0.7 metres by 0.4 metres thick. It originally stood on the south edge of a 3 metre diameter and 0.6 metre deep pit, but is now almost recumbent as top is only 0.6 metres from the bottom of the pit. There is severe erosion in base of pit. The stone itself is now probably stable.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

'Three Boys (remains of)' marked on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

See designation record for details.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape (Website). SDV360651.

As described by the Ordnance Survey in 1974. See survey `The Shovel Down Stone Rows' (part 1) at 1:200 (citing Wilson-North, R., 19/9/1991, Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1930. Proceedings at the Annual Meeting. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 62. 38-39.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1932. The Prehistoric Monuments of Scorhill, Buttern Hill, and Shuggledown (Shoveldown). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 64. Unknown. 286.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 302-3, plate 37,.
  • Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1860. The Rock-Basins of Dartmoor, and Some British Remains in England. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 16. Unknown. 112-114.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 144, 23/4/1973.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1974. SX68NE40. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1857-1858. On some British and druidical remains in the parishes of Chagford and Gidleigh. Transactions of the Plymouth Institute. 1. 23, plan.
  • Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 505.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 144084, 1997.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 456.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880 - 1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1957. Cairns and stone alignments on Shovel Down. Archaeological Journal. 114. Unknown. 155-158.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #39616 ]
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV6148Related to: Alignment F on Shovel Down (Monument)
MDV48855Related to: Possible ring cairn on Shovel Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 17 2018 2:38PM