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HER Number:MDV6460
Name:Cairn near Yar Tor stone row, Yartor Down

Summary

Remains of a cairn with cist at the southern end of Yar Tor Stone alignment, between Yar Tor and Corndon Tor. The cist was plundered in the 1860s and little of the cairn remains. Also known as Money Pit Cairn.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 681 738
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Dartmeet Parallel Reave System. Earthworks of an extensive area of prehistoric remains including complex field system, numerous hut circles, enclosures and cairns, overlain by medieval remains including Vaghill Warren, farmsteads and a large field syste
  • Scheduled Monument 1003288: Yar Tor stone row and adjacent cist

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 442883
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/74
  • Old SAM County Ref: 529
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Burnard, R., 1890, Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens, 204 (Article in Serial). SDV265355.


Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 76-77 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

Road menders, having destroyed two stone rows and some hut circles here in 1897, have also attacked this kistvaen, the circles around, and the stone row associated with it obliterating the south end of the stone row, with the exception of one stone. Dimensions and direction of length of kist are now not ascertainable. The kist stands in the remains of a barrow, to which there are two, not quite concentric, retaining circles. The inner circle consists of close set stones, except where robbed (radius 1.77 meters). The stones in the outer circle are spaced some distance apart, with eight stones remaining; the side nearer the road being completely denuded of stones (radius 5.49 meters). Figure 1 gives a view of the inner circle and the remains of the kistvaen. Triple stone rows connected with this barrow. Other details: Plate 6, figure 1.


Beckerlegge, J. J., 1939, Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch, 181 (Article in Serial). SDV149484.


Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 237 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.


Worth, R. H., 1943, Sixty-Second Report on Barrows, 53 (Article in Serial). SDV16898.

Other details: 62nd Report on Barrows.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1951, SX67SE10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346981.

The northern and western walls of the inner chamber of the kistvaen at SX68147384 are all that remain; cairn diameter 4.0 meters, height 0.6 meters.
An outer circle of flat stones 0.10 meters thick and 0.4 meters high remain complete and in excellent condition at a radius of 1.5 meters from the central chamber. Concentric with this circle is a further barely discernible circle of stones at a radius of 6.0 meters. The Ordnance Survey 6 inch map of 1906 marks a hut circle in the vicinity.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1973, SX67SE116 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV282929.

SX68147383, SX68157381; two possible cairns, both diameter 3.6 meters, height 0.3 meters. (1972)


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 178 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Site visited 23/7/1972). Cairn with inner (closed) retaining circle enclosing a cist too ruined for axis to be determined: there are indications of an outer (open) retaining circle 11.0 meters in diameter. The site was pillaged for treasure in approximately 1867, and for materials for the road nearby. A triple stone row descends the hill from the site north-north-west towards, but stops well short of, cairn. Diameter 3.5 meters, height 0.3 meters. Other details: Widecombe-in-the-Moor 21.


Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, 1003 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.

Other details: Volume 5.


Ordnance Survey, 1979, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV346982.

Ordnance Survey survey drawing in parish file.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

This cist is visible or rather the kerb is visible on 1980 National Monuments Record aerial photograph.


Cave-Penney, 1985, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV307397.

Cist within retaining kerb clearly visible.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 47, 48, 77 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Turner describes this site as a platform circle with outer stone circles. A ring of kerb stones, 3.2 meters internal diameter, encloses a flat-topped cairn 0.3 meters high with central cist. Around this is a special outer ring of stones 10.0 meters in diameter. Other details: E51.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 126-7 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Money-pit cairn located at the southern (uphill) end of the Yar Tor triple stone row consists of a close-set kerb of small slabs (3.7 by 3.1 meters), surrounding a cist. One end and side slab of which remain in place below the displaced kist cover. None of the outer ring of stones planned by Worth (1937) could be seen, although several buried slabs could be detected below the turf in the approximate locations. Other details: Map 14, 11.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Part of Dartmeet coaxial field system (Northern Part) which was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 43.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.


National Monuments Record, 23/04/1980, SF1748, 359-373 (Aerial Photograph). SDV279663.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Beckerlegge, J. J.. 1939. Eighth Report of the Plymouth and District Branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 181.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. Sixty-Second Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. Hardback Volume. 53.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 47, 48, 77.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 237.
  • Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. Notes on Dartmoor Kistvaens. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. A5 Hardback. 204.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 76-77.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 23/04/1980. SF1748. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 359-373.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 178.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1973. SX67SE116. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 126-7.
  • Report - Survey: Cave-Penney. 1985. Unknown.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. 1003.
  • Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1951. SX67SE10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Report - Survey: Ordnance Survey. 1979. Ordnance Survey 1:1250. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV6434Related to: Cairn on summit of Yar Tor (Monument)
MDV6030Related to: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV6459Related to: Yar Tor triple stone row (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 24 2015 10:37AM