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HER Number:MDV6541
Name:Hurston Ridge Stone Row

Summary

Two parallel lines of upright stones leading downslope for about 143 metres from a cairn. Stone alignments are often linked to burial monuments and are considered to have had an important ceremonial function.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 672 824
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/4
  • Old SAM County Ref: 343
  • Old SAM Ref: 28779

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Department of National Heritage, 09/04/1996, Hurston Ridge Stone Row (Correspondence). SDV277398.

Scheduled monument consent granted for works concerning erosion repairs and re-erection of stone.


Worth, R. N., 1894, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3., 305 (Article in Serial). SDV234309.


Baring Gould, S., 1900, A Book of Dartmoor, 61 (Monograph). SDV277387.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Stone Row marked with a Menhir at either end.


1914, Twenty Seventh Report of the Scientific Memoranda Committee, 70 (Article in Serial). SDV277389.

Site visit 21st May 1913. Restoration work undertaken. In the south row, three leaning stones have been re-erected and four fallen ones set up vertically. In the north row, three prostrate stones have been set up. Blocking stone was inserted in a pit 1.0 metres deep. In most cases the pits were enlarged when setting up the stones.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 446, 450 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 305 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

A double row, one of the best examples on Dartmoor. At the south end is a cairn. In the eastern line the first stone measures 1.47 metres at the base, 1.78 metres high. There is considerable variation in the size of stones. There are 50 pairs of stones, none missing. The distance between the line is wider than usual. There are three hut circles abreast of the row, the most distant being 274 metres from it. Row no.44. Hurston ridge. Double row. Two stones missing, 99 stones in place. Cairn and cist at south end. Menhir stars the eastern line. Blocking stone on west line.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 134 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 23rd July 1972. Cairn. Diameter 6.4 metres. Height 0.3 metres. Siting - hillslope.


National Monuments Record, 1979, SF1508, 974 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346563.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 97, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Row extensively restored prior to 1914, and may not be in original form


Fleming, A., 1983, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor, 208 (Article in Serial). SDV227880.

Possibly originally constructed in a boundary zone.


The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit, 1985, The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV340940.

Visible and recorded.


Gerrard, S., 1990-1994, Monument Protection Programme, 152389 (Report - Survey). SDV350743.

Stone alignment on Hurston Ridge.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 32, Fig. 25.3 (Monograph). SDV219155.


English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

Stone alignment, cairns, enclosed prehistoric settlement and a length of reave on Hurston Ridge.
The stone alignment includes two parallel lines of upright stones leading downslope for 143 metres from a round cairn. The lower end of the alignment is denoted by a blocking stone. Midway along the alignment a length of later enclosure walling crosses the row.
Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in single file or in avenues of two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They are often physically linked to burial monuments, such as small cairns, cists and barrows, and are considered to have had an important ceremonial function. The Dartmoor alignments mostly date from the Late Neolithic period (c.2400-2000 BC). Some eighty examples, most of them on the outer Moor, provide over half the recorded national population. Due to their comparative rarity and longevity as a monument type, all surviving examples are considered nationally important, unless very badly damaged.
The relationship between the stone alignment, enclosure and reave on Hurston Ridge is especially important as it graphically illustrates the chronological range of this monument as well as providing more general information on the relative date of stone alignments. Within this monument it is clear that the stone alignment was built first, followed by the reave, then the enclosure and finally the hut stone hut circles. This is the only site on the Moor where major classes of prehistoric monument have such a clearly defined chronology. All of the components survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence for the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Stone row and Standing Stones marked. Map object based on this source.


Quinnell, N. V., 22/03/1995, Hurston Ridge Stone Row (Personal Comment). SDV277397.

Runs SX67268242 to SX67388257.


Dick, A. M., 25/05/1992, Hurston Ridge Stone Row (Personal Comment). SDV354587.

Site visit 25th May 1992. Some poaching around individual stones, particularly at north and south ends at the point where the wall crosses the row.


National Monument Record, Unknown, SX6782, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV277395.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Unknown, SX68SE10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV277390.

Site visit 15th November 1952. The Ordnance Survey siting of the site is correct at SX67298249. The prostrate stones were re-erected on 21st May 1914 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee who had also re-erected them on a previous occasion. The condition of the stone row is as described by Worth but the cist mentioned by Brailsford was not in evidence.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 32, Fig. 25.3.
  • Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1983. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 49. Unknown. 208.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 305.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1894. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 3.. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 305.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 134.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 97, 111.
  • Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 22/03/1995. Hurston Ridge Stone Row.
  • Article in Serial: 1914. Twenty Seventh Report of the Scientific Memoranda Committee. 46. Unknown. 70.
  • Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 09/04/1996. Hurston Ridge Stone Row. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Letter.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Unknown. SX68SE10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Monograph: Baring Gould, S.. 1900. A Book of Dartmoor. A Book of Dartmoor. Unknown. 61.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. Unknown. SX6782. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 446, 450.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
  • Interpretation: The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit. 1985. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. Map (Paper).
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. SF1508. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 974.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-1994. Monument Protection Programme. Monument Protection Programme. Unknown. 152389.
  • Personal Comment: Dick, A. M.. 25/05/1992. Hurston Ridge Stone Row.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV26789Related to: Enclosure attached to Hurston Ridge Main Reave (Monument)
MDV6670Related to: Hut circle on Hurston Ridge (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 20 2015 4:06PM