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HER Number:MDV6562
Name:Stone Row to north of Fernworthy Stone Circle

Summary

Double stone row to the north of the stone circle at Fernworthy; the longest of the three rows in the Froggymead ceremonial complex. The southern section of this row survives better than the northern section leading to the barrow; only two isolated stones can now be seen between the barrow and the main group of stones.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 655 842
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 144126
  • National Monuments Record: SX68SE55
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/14
  • Old SAM County Ref: 593E
  • Old SAM Ref: 28672
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX68SE55
  • Pastscape: 443853

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Baring Gould, S., 1898, Fifth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 107 (Article in Serial). SDV337066.

Double stone row to the north of the circle. Pillaged; pits of stones traceable. Row points to the circle, but it is doubtful if it was ever joined to it.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 304 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 224, Fig.76 (Monograph). SDV231148.

350 feet (107 metres) north 6 degrees east from the centre of the stone circle lie the first stones of Row B. Double row, fairly perfect at the southern end, but to the north most of the stones are either lost or buried.
It terminates in a small mound or barrow at the north end. Its length is 340 feet (104 metres) as measured to the centre of the mound. The lines average 3 feet 3 inches (0.98 metres) apart, inside measurement, equivalent to 3 feet 10 inches (1.16 metres) centre to centre; the stones stand at intervals of 5 feet 7 inches (1.7 metres) centre to centre along the row. This alignment has been said to point to the circle, but its line is tangential to the west circumference.


Spooner, G. M. + Birkett Dixon, E., 1955, Note on the Antiquities situated in the Forestry Commission ground at Fernworthy and Bellever. Appendix 1, 2 (Report - non-specific). SDV351955.

The northern stone row (8) was given a narrow clearing only for its more perfect southern half; the more ruinous northern half, with the small barrow (9), from which it led, being planted over. The trees are now well grown and, though buried beneath new humus, the fixed stones and terminal barrow have been located. The end transverse stone (marked with an arrow on Map 2) has a tree growing close to it right in the line of the row. It is very desirable that this tree be removed as soon as possible, and also other trees in the line of the row (thinning appears to be contemplated in this region, and these trees might be included with others already marked).


Turner, J. R., 1976, Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Field Report (Report - non-specific). SDV351823.

Fernworthy Plantation, Froggymeade D (site number 8.D). (Spooner and Dixon Site No. 8). Site visit 1976. Double stone row 107 metres north of the stone circle. 102 metres in length, almost perfect at the southern end, but to the north most of the stones are lost or buried. Has not been planted over.
February 1976. Froggymead sites (1.D – 9.D) have been cleared as one open space. The barrier across the forestry ride which intersects the stone row has not been renewed, and the one on the eastern side is missing. No posts ringing the clearance zone. Trees outside are within falling distance of rows.
Included in 1955 Spooner and Dixon report (b) Region North of the South Teign, Site No. 8.


Dartmoor National Park Authority + Forestry Commission + Dartmoor Preservation Association, 1976, Conservation of Ancient Monuments. The Report of a Working Party (Report - non-specific). SDV248248.


Turner, J., 1978, Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976, 1 (Report - non-specific). SDV351816.

Froggymead (D). No work has been carried out on this group of sites since February 1976. The clearance zone of this group should be marked out with posts as one open space so that there would be no need for any site number posts inside the clearance zone, making the site more photographic. Vegetation on these sites are very (?), in fact site 7D (cairn) looks in excellent condition.


Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 162-5, Fig. 35.7 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 144126 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 28th April 1997. Located within a substantial forest clearing. The row is kept clear of scrub although beyond this is dense gorse and some heather. A path is developing down the centre of the row.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1993-1998, Dartmoor Royal Forest Project (Report - Survey). SDV346608.

Site visit 1st June 19895. Centred SX 65518426, to the north of Fernworthy stone circle, is a double stone row. At its northern end are the disturbed remains of a barrow. The row survives well for 125m although beyond this (to the north) it has been heavily disturbed by forestry activity as far as the barrow. The plan of 1898, made prior to afforestation, shows the northern end of the double row as already `buried or lost'.
The surviving part of the double row contains paired, low stones 0.8m to 1.4m apart, averaging 0.3m high, although many are flush with the ground. The tallest stones are at the S end. The alignment of the row is tangential to the circle.
The barrow at the northern end of the row measures 6m in diameter, although it is very amorphous due to tree planting. There is a large proportion of stone in the centre of the low mound, as well as some amorphous scarping and one large upright slab.


Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Notes regarding Fernworthy Stone rows (Personal Comment). SDV276826.

Named 'stone row' on 1963 Ordnance Survey 6 inch and 2.5 inch maps, but no row shown. Length 104 metres from Worth, but no grid references to indicate extent possible to get from the current maps.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1996, Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996 (Un-published). SDV351820.

Site visit 27th September 1996. Fernworthy, Froggymead Group 8D.
Double stone row north of 3D, beyond forestry ride. Marked by 1 post.
Recommendations: a footpath has been created in between the double stone row. Perhaps a signpost directing people around the monument would deter this? Other details: photo.


English Heritage, 2005, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Stone row is depicted on the survey layer. Map object based on this source.


Newman, P., 2013, Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey (Un-published). SDV351708.


English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

A stone circle, known as Fernworthy Circle, three stone alignments and five cairns 425m and 525m north west of Sandeman Bridge. Together the stone alignments, stone circle and cairns 425m and 525m north west of Sandeman Bridge represent one of the most complete prehistoric ritual complexes on Dartmoor, with excavation at the stone circle providing evidence for its use. Despite afforestation the monument survives well and will contain further archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. See list for full details.


Newman , P., 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon, 15, Fig. 12 (Report - Survey). SDV351784.

Stone Row b. The longest of the three rows, and possibly once much longer, commences 105m NNE of the circle at which point the first pair of visible stones is located. From there this double row undoubtedly extended a further 100m, terminating at Barrow 5, although for the c.45m leading up to the barrow most of the stones are missing. It is not known if or how far the southern end of the row once extended or whether it terminated near the circle. However, had it continued south in a straight line the row would have tangentially clipped the western edge of the circle, so it seems unlikely, unless the missing section deviated slightly to compensate and hit the row more centrally.
The rows are 1.2 – 1.5m apart. The western row has 22 stones in situ and the eastern row has 21, arranged as 15 pairs, with each row having a number of singles where a corresponding stone is absent. The largest stone has a footprint of 0.58m by 0.25m but many are much smaller, some barely visible. The average height is 7-10cm though some are almost level with the ground. Two isolated stones to the north of the main group cannot be identified as being aligned with either row and may be displaced.
Other than these two, all the stones between the main group and the barrow are missing.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 443853 (Website). SDV355682.

A Bronze Age double stone row aligned north-south, terminating at the north end at a cairn. When planned in 1898, the row was 340 long and even then the north end was buried or lost. It is now 125m long. At the south end, the row is tangential to the Fernworthy stone circle, SX68SE56. The cairn at the north end is 6.0m in diameter and it has been adversely affected by tree planting. Scheduled. NMR No. SX68SE55. Record last updated: N/A

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 162-5, Fig. 35.7.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 224, Fig.76.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 304.
  • Report - non-specific: Dartmoor National Park Authority + Forestry Commission + Dartmoor Preservation Association. 1976. Conservation of Ancient Monuments. The Report of a Working Party. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. A4 Bound.
  • Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
  • Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Notes regarding Fernworthy Stone rows. Not Applicable.
  • Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Digital + A4. 15, Fig. 12.
  • Report - non-specific: Turner, J.. 1978. Report of Work Carried Out by the Forestry Commission since January 1976. A4 Stapled. 1.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1898. Fifth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 107.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 144126.
  • Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
  • Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1993-1998. Dartmoor Royal Forest Project. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Un-published: Newman, P.. 2013. Fernworthy Forest Sites Survey. Digital.
  • Report - non-specific: Turner, J. R.. 1976. Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land. Field Report. Dartmoor National Park Authority Field Report. A4 Comb Bound.
  • Report - non-specific: Spooner, G. M. + Birkett Dixon, E.. 1955. Note on the Antiquities situated in the Forestry Commission ground at Fernworthy and Bellever. Appendix 1. Dartmoor Preservation Association. Digital. 2.
  • Un-published: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas 1996. Condition Survey of Identified Archaeology within Woodland Areas. A4 Ring Bound.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 443853.

Associated Monuments

MDV6563Related to: Cairn north of the northern stone row at Fernworthy (Monument)
MDV6556Related to: Eastern Stone row to south of Fernworthy Stone Circle (Monument)
MDV6534Related to: Fernworthy or Froggymead Stone Circle (Monument)
MDV14886Related to: Western Stone Row to south of Fernworthy Stone Circle (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6216 - Condition Surveys of Ancient Monuments on Forestry Commission Land
  • EDV6203 - Archaeological Survey of Fernworthy Forest

Date Last Edited:Jun 4 2014 1:47PM