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HER Number:MDV6615
Name:Cairn west of West Vitifer Mine on Chagford Common, Chagford

Summary

Prehistoric cairn to the west of West Vitifer Mine excavated in 1897 and found to be covering a stone cist containing a decorated urn with fragments of charcoal

Location

Grid Reference:SX 675 828
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/50
  • Old SAM County Ref: 973
  • Old SAM Ref: 28747

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROUND CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Burnard, R., 1897, 16th Report of the Barrow Committee, 67-71 (Article in Serial). SDV356961.

In 1897 an unopened barrow was found on Chagford Common on north side of trackway to Kings Oven, about 366 metres from the stone row. No stone circle. A small kistvaen full of earth with fragments of charcoal and a small urn on its side in the south-east corner of the kist, 102 mm above kist floor and placed as found set close into the angle. Pottery of light chocolate brown, handmade, ornamentation with impressions forming U-shaped dots, arranged in parallel and diagonal lines. Top of rim similarly decorated. No trace of bone.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 110-136 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Site visited in July 1902. Excavations in 1897 uncovered a central stone cist filled with soil containing small fragments of charcoal. In one corner of the cist was a beaker of late type. There were no signs of a burial.


Victoria County History, 1906, The Victoria History of the County of Devon, 360 (Article in Serial). SDV238214.

Plan and section drawings.


Victoria County History, 1906, The Victoria History of the County of Devon, 360 (Article in Serial). SDV238214.


Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 450 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.


Unknown, 1967, Archaeological Review, 26 (Article in Serial). SDV256969.

No trace of this cist could be found. A beaker described as 'from a cist near the Warren House Inn' is reported as having been 'rediscovered' and exhibited again at Plymouth Museum. This may be from this site. It is a bell beaker with horizontal bands of impressed comb pattern.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 134, Chagford 4 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph and recorded.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 83 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Indication of a stone ring/ring cairn under cairn.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152170 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 16th March 1999. Cairn on Chagford Common standing 320 metres west of West Vitifer Mine.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 32, Map 25 (Monograph). SDV219155.

West Vitifer Cairn (Site 11). An insignificant mound 5.5 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high sited just off the ridge to the north of the stone row was discovered and excavated in 1897. It covered a cist surrounded by a ring of slabs which contained a 'barbed wire' beaker dating from around 2000 BC. No trace of a cremation remained. A few of the stones of the cairn remain including one edge of the cist near the centre.


Passmore, A. J., 1997, Boveycombehedd, Chagford, Devon: an archaeological investigation of a Diachronic landscape, Figure 1 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV360382.

Small circular feature shown on Figure 1.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, 1020040 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle north east facing slope on Hurston Ridge overlooking the valley of the North Walla Brook.
The cairn measures 6m in diameter, stands up to 0.7m high and was partially excavated in 1897 by the Barrow Committee of the Devonshire Association. This work revealed a ring of slabs surrounding a cist which had not been previously examined. In the cist there was a complete Bronze Age beaker together with charcoal but no trace of a burial.
Barrow (diameter 4.6 metres, height 460 millimetres), kist (length 1 metre, width (maximum 760 millimetres, min 600 millimetres).


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 10020040 (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

The cairn on Chagford Common 320 metres west of West Vitifer Mine survives comparatively well and is known from partial excavation to contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built. The earlier excavations demonstrated that this monument contained structural information much of which still survives. .
The monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle north-east facing slope on Hurston Ridge overlooking the valley of the North Walla Brook. The cairn measures 6 metres in diameter, stands up to 0.7 metres high and was partially excavated in 1897 by the Barrow Committee of the Devonshire Association. This work revealed a ring of slabs surrounding a cist which had not been previously examined. In the cist there was a complete Bronze Age beaker together with charcoal but no trace of a burial.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape, 443785, SX68SE7 (Website). SDV360651.

A Bronze Age round cairn on Chagford Common, 320 metres west of West Vitifer Mine. The cairn was partially excavated in 1897 by the Barrow Committee of the Devonshire Association. This working revealed a ring of slabs surrounding a cist which had not been previously examined. In the cist there was a complete Bronze Age beaker together with charcoal but no trace of a burial.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape, 443786, SX68SE8 (Website). SDV360651.

Possible location of a Bronze Age cist, although when subject to field investigation in November 2002 the site was not found.


National Monument Record, Unknown, SX6782, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV277395.

Not visible on aerial photograph.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 110-136.
  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 32, Map 25.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 83.
  • Article in Serial: Victoria County History. 1906. The Victoria History of the County of Devon. Victoria History of the County of Devon. 1. Unknown. 360.
  • Article in Serial: Unknown. 1967. Archaeological Review. Council for British Archaeology. 12/13. 26.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 134, Chagford 4.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. Unknown. SX6782. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152170.
  • Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12. 450.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1897. 16th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 29. Digital. 67-71.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1020040.
  • Post-Graduate Thesis: Passmore, A. J.. 1997. Boveycombehedd, Chagford, Devon: an archaeological investigation of a Diachronic landscape. King Alfred's College, Winchester. A4 Comb Bound. Figure 1.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 443785, SX68SE7.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 10020040.

Associated Monuments

MDV6714Related to: Hurston Ridge Reave on Chagford Common, Chagford (Monument)
MDV6541Related to: Hurston Ridge Stone Row, Chagford (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV6641 - BEAKER (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Events

  • EDV7505 - Boveycombehedd, Chagford: An Archaeological Investigation of a Diachronic Landscape

Date Last Edited:Apr 20 2018 1:36PM