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HER Number:MDV6624
Name:Hut circle 450 metres north-west of Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir

Summary

Most south-westerly hut circle of the group at Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir, four huts of which are now submerged, following the construction of the reservoir in the mid 20th century. Some of the hut circles have been reused as farm buildings over time and two have certainly been used as tinner's workshops or stores in the 16th century. The hut was submerged by the rising waters of the reservoir but did not form part of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee's excavations in advance of the construction of the reservoir in the 1930s.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 668 840
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Walling remains of a group of three partially submerged Bronze Age hut circles with Tudor secondary occupation at Fernworthy Reservoir

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/57
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 13/04/1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, 2361-2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.


Worth, R. H., 1935, Dartmoor Exploration Committee, Twelfth Report, 119-127, Pl. 12-14, Figs. 9-24 (Article in Serial). SDV259660.


Worth, R. H., 1945, The Dartmoor Hut Circles, 230-4,251-6, Pl. 11, 12 (Article in Serial). SDV246120.

Remains of double stone wall probably used as cattledrove leading up to hut circle.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952, SX68SE47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV259659.

Hut circles in good condition, stone walls now under water level of Fernworthy Reservoir.


Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 87 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.


National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1509, 962 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262885.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 155-6, Fig. 35.1 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Hut 6 on Butler's plan measures 7.4 metres and is also submerged but, like the two hut circles further uphill to the south-east (PRN 6695 andf 61334) has not been excavated.


English Heritage, 2005, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Hut circle depicted on the digital survey information. A group of three Bronze Age hut circles and cairn with tudor secondary occupation. The huts have large upright slabs of up to 1.1 metres high. Their diameters range from 6.7 to 9.8 metres. Map object based on this Source.


Richards, A. F., 2011, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV259692.

Unclear which circle this record refers to as the grid reference on the original record does not match any of the known hut circles indicated in the other sources. Has been assumed to refer to the most south-westerly circle of the group (as there is no other record for this circle).


Newman , P., Dec 2013, The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Supplement. The Lakeside Area and Lowton Farmsteads, 8, Fig. 18 (Report - Survey). SDV356884.

Part of a dispersed prehistoric settlement on the northern slope of Metherel, south of the modern reservoir. It now sits just below the high water line of the reservoir but for some reason was not excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in the 1930s in advance of the reservoir's construction. The walls are constructed from a single ring of randomly shaped boulders. The internal diameter is between 6.6 and 7.3 metres and the stones stand up to 1.1 metres high. Unlike the others in the group, this hut does not appear to have been terraced into the slope. There is a possible entrance on the eastern side.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 155-6, Fig. 35.1.
  • Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 13/04/1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2361-2.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1945. The Dartmoor Hut Circles. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 77. A5 Hardback. 230-4,251-6, Pl. 11, 12.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952. SX68SE47. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 87.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1935. Dartmoor Exploration Committee, Twelfth Report. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 67. Photocopy. 119-127, Pl. 12-14, Figs. 9-24.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1509. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 962.
  • Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
  • Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2011. Digital.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: Newman , P.. Dec 2013. The Archaeology of Fernworthy Forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Supplement. The Lakeside Area and Lowton Farmsteads. Newman, P.. A4 Comb Bound. 8, Fig. 18.

Associated Monuments

MDV107529Part of: Metherall Hut Settlement, Chagford (Monument)
MDV27857Related to: Fernworthy Reservoir (Monument)
MDV6654Related to: Hut circle 450 metres west-north-west of Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir (Monument)
MDV6655Related to: Hut Circle or Ring cairn 420 metres west-north-west of Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6533 - Archaeological Survey of South-West Lakeside Trust Land around Fernworthy Reservoir

Date Last Edited:Aug 19 2014 11:29AM