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HER Number:MDV6881
Name:Cairn with cist 240 metres south-east of Winter Tor

Summary

Survives as a 9 metre diameter mound standing up to 0.9 metres high with a number of edge set stones on the western side. The mound material extends 1.4m beyond the outer edge of the kerb. A hollow in the centre of the cairn represents the site of a partial early excavation, which recovered a few fragments of burnt bone. Two large stones sitting within the central pit may be the remnants of a broken cist coverstone.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 611 913
Map Sheet:SX69SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX69SW11
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX69SW/14
  • Old SAM County Ref: 486
  • Old SAM Ref: 28670
  • Pastscape: 444160

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC? to 701 BC (Between))
  • ROUND CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Prowse, A. B., 1890, Notes on the Neighbourhood of Taw Marsh, North Dartmoor, 187-188, figs 2,3 (Article in Serial). SDV239781.

About 300 yards south-south-east of Winter Tor is a tumulus diameter 9 yards and height 3 feet, the top of which has been hollowed out. Within the hollow was a granite slab 4 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 9 inches, covering the remains of a cist, and another slab approximately 4 feet 9 inches by 3 feet 3 inches, either a second capstone or possibly part of the first cist. The cist contained nothing of interest except a few small porous and very brittle fragments of what is apparently bony tissue. After examination the capstone was replaced and covered with soil and stones.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX69SW11 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV224128.

Turf and heather covered cairn with hollow in centre. A cist is partially visible at the bottom, with north-north-end end stone (Recorded 8/8/1950).


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 143, Lydford 1 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

South-east of Winter Tor SX6110 9134 (Visited 22/5/1976)
Cairn with hollow centre, containing cist placed north-north-east by south-south-west. Measures 9.0 metres in diameter, height 0.8 metres. Capstone in two parts, probably originally one slab.
Excavated in 19th century. Fragments probably of burnt human bone found (citing Prowse, 1890).


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 144109, 18/6/1997 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Round cairn south east of Winter Tor (at SX61109133).
Further from Winter Tor than stated by Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England above. The cist-like structure described by Field Monument Warden in vicinity of cairn are stone cutting pits, beyond which are earthworks associated with peat cutting.
Central pit 2.5 metres by 1.8 metres by 0.8 metres deep, contains two large slabs, both tilting and therefore not in-situ. The largest denotes the western side of the pit, and measures 1.2 metres by 0.8 metres. The other, 0.85 metres by 0.75 metres, lies in the centre of the pit.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Map object based on this source.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the ridge between Higher Tor and Oke Tor overlooking the valleys of the East Okement and Taw Rivers. The cairn survives as a 9m diameter mound standing up to 0.9m high.
A number of edge set stones on the western side of the mound may indicate the presence of a kerb which survives elsewhere as a buried feature. The mound material extends 1.4m beyond the outer edge of the kerb.
A hollow in the centre of the cairn represents the site of a partial early excavation, which recovered a few fragments of burnt bone. Two large stones sitting within the central pit may be the remnants of a broken cist cover stone.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

SX 61119134. A circular, turf and heather covered stony cairn which lies in the dip in the ridge between Higher Tor and Oke Tor, approximately 70 metres south-east of Winter Tor.
It has a diameter of 10 metres and stands to a height of approximately 0.8 metres. Its profile is `bowl' shaped with a flat topped central area and moderately sloping edges. The centre has been dug into leaving a conical hollow of 2.4 metres diameter by 0.6 metres deep. Within the hollow lie two slabs of granite which are probably components of a cist, disturbed during excavations in the nineteenth century. They measure 0.8 metres by 0.6 metres and 1.0 metre by 0.8 metres (citing Newman, P., Field Investigators Comments, 14/07/1993).
The remains of this disturbed ridge-top cairn are as described. No change to its condition (citing Fletcher, M. J., English Heritage Field Investigation, 04/02/2004).

Sources / Further Reading

  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX69SW11. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1890. Notes on the Neighbourhood of Taw Marsh, North Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. Unknown. 187-188, figs 2,3.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 143, Lydford 1.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 144109, 18/6/1997.
  • Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV51222Related to: Enclosure 200 metres south-east of Winter Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV6635 - HUMAN REMAINS? (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC?)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 21 2017 12:56PM